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The Growth of Nationalism. Chapter 8 Section 4. Nationalism. The growth of power and influence of the federal government Or - People beginning to think of themselves as Americans rather than identifying more with states. Dartmouth College v . Woodward.

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The Growth of Nationalism

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The Growth of Nationalism

Chapter 8 Section 4


  • The growth of power and influence of the federal government


    - People beginning to think of themselves as Americans rather than identifying more with states

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

  • New Hampshire wanted to change the colleges charter from private school to public

  • Supreme Court said charter was a contract and could not be broken

  • Long term effect was to protect businesses from regulation

McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Supreme Court ruled that Congress did have the power to charter a National Bank

    • This gave the federal government power that goes beyond the Constitution

      • States could not tax the bank (this would give the states [power over the federal bank)

Gibbons V. Ogden

  • The Supreme Court declared that states could not interfere with Congress’s constitutional right to regulate businesses on interstate waterways

  • How do each of these court rulings support Nationalism?

  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Gibbons v. Ogden

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

  • Prevented state interference in business contracts

  • Provided national economic stability by encouraging growth of corporations

McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Supported the principle that the national government is free to exercise powers implied by the Constitution with which states cannot interfere

Gibbons v. Ogden

  • Established the federal government’s right to regulate interstate commerce

Monroe Doctrine

  • 1. U.S. would not interfere in European affairs

  • 2. U.S. would not interfere in colonies and states in Western Hemisphere

  • 3. U.S. would not permit any further colonization in the Western Hemisphere

  • 4. Any attempt by a European nation to take control of a nation in the Western Hemisphere would be seen as hostile towards the U.S.

Why did President Monroe believe it was necessary to create the Monroe Doctrine?

  • To create a policy to ease tensions with Great Britain and formally address the possibility that other European nations might resume their efforts to colonize the Western Hemisphere

American System

  • A combination of government backed economic development and protective tariffs aimed at encouraging business growth

    • Championed by Henry Clay

What two new political parties emerged in the 1820s, and how did their views differ?

  • National Republicans

    • Supported the Jeffersonian spirit of improvement

  • Jacksonian Democrats

    • Supported Andrew Jackson’s ideas of limited government

Why might someone have supported John Quincy Adams in the 1824 election?

  • Son of President John Adams

  • Been in politics since 1803

  • Former senator

  • Served as a diplomat in Europe

  • Served as Secretary of State

    • Helped extend nation’s border to Rocky Mountains

    • Helped devise Monroe Doctrine

Why might someone have supported Henry Clay in the 1824 election?

  • Gifted speech maker

  • Desired to end slavery

  • Served in House of Representatives

  • Served as Senator

  • Speaker of the House

Why might someone have supported John C. Calhoun in the 1824 election?

  • Served in House of Representatives

  • President Monroe’s Secretary of War

  • Sponsored economic measures that helped unify the nation

  • Helped create

    • 2nd bank of the U.S., a modernized navy, national road system, protective tariffs

Why might someone have supported Andrew Jackson in the 1824 election?

  • Served in Congress in the 1790s

  • Brilliant general

  • Gained fame for brilliance in War of 1812 and attack on Seminole Indians in Florida

  • Colorful Personality

What was the corrupt bargain and who did it benefit?

  • 1824- Jackson won the most votes in the electoral college, but not the needed majority

  • Adams came in second

  • According to the Constitution, the election goes to the House of Representatives in cases like this

  • Clay used his influence to swing enough voted to Adams to win

  • Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State

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