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Imperialism. Ch. 11 sec 2. I. A New Period of Imperialism A. Forms of Control. 1. Europeans wanted more control over the economic, political, and social lives of Africans. I. A New Period of Imperialism A. Forms of Control. 2. There were 4 forms of colonial control: colony,

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imperialism

Imperialism

Ch. 11 sec 2

i a new period of imperialism a forms of control
I. A New Period of ImperialismA. Forms of Control
  • 1. Europeans wanted more control over the economic, political, and social lives of Africans.
i a new period of imperialism a forms of control1
I. A New Period of ImperialismA. Forms of Control
  • 2. There were 4 forms of colonial control:
    • colony,
    • protectorate,
    • sphere of influence,
    • economic imperialism.
i a new period of imperialism b methods of management
I. A New Period of ImperialismB. Methods of Management
  • 1. There were two basic types:
    • indirect control
    • direct control
c indirect control
C. Indirect Control
  • 1. Example: Britain which would ask a local ruler to accept British authority to rule
  • 2. The assumption was that the councils would train the local leaders in British method of government
  • 3. Once this was done correctly then the local population could govern itself
d direct control
D. Direct Control
  • 1. The French and other Euro’s preferred direct control of government
  • 2. This developed the policy of Paternalism meaning governing people in a paternal way by providing for their needs but not giving them rights
d direct control1
D. Direct Control
  • 3. Brought in their own diplomats and did not train the locals European ways of governing
  • 4. The French also supported assimilation which has people adopt the dominant culture way of life
ii a british colony a gaining control
II. A British ColonyA. Gaining Control
  • 1. Britain gained control of Southern Nigeria through diplomacy and military means and those who rebelled were defeated
  • 2. In 1914 the Royal Niger Company gained control of the palm oil trade along the Niger river and were able to claim Nigeria as a colony
b managing the colony
B. Managing the Colony
  • 1. Managing Nigeria was difficult since there were about 250 different ethnic groups
  • 2. 3 largest groups were the Hausa-Fulani (Muslim) in the North, Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo (they were traditionalist) in the southeast.
ii a british colony b managing the colony
II. A British ColonyB. Managing the Colony
  • 3. British used the indirect rule approach but this only worked with the Hausa-Fulani because they had a strong central government
iii african resistance a unsuccessful movements
III. African ResistanceA. Unsuccessful Movements
  • 1. The Algerians resisted French rule for over 50 years
  • 2. SamoriToure of West Africa modernized his army and fought the French for 16 years but failed in the end
iii african resistance a unsuccessful movements1
III. African ResistanceA. Unsuccessful Movements
  • 3. MajiMaji rebellion against the Germans in German East Africa cost the lives of over 75,000 via the machine gun.
b ethiopia a successful resistance
B. Ethiopia: A successful Resistance
  • 1. Menelik II became emperor in 1889 & he was able to play the Italians, French and British against each other because they all wanted a piece of his country
  • 2. Stockpiled modern weapons as a result of trades with the French and Russians
iii african resistance b ethiopia a successful resistance
III. African ResistanceB. Ethiopia: A successful Resistance
  • 3. Successfully defeated the Italians in the Battle of Adowa; kept his nation independent
ad