Imperialism
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Imperialism. Ch. 11 sec 2. I. A New Period of Imperialism A. Forms of Control. 1. Europeans wanted more control over the economic, political, and social lives of Africans. I. A New Period of Imperialism A. Forms of Control. 2. There were 4 forms of colonial control: colony,

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Imperialism

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Imperialism

Imperialism

Ch. 11 sec 2


I a new period of imperialism a forms of control

I. A New Period of ImperialismA. Forms of Control

  • 1. Europeans wanted more control over the economic, political, and social lives of Africans.


I a new period of imperialism a forms of control1

I. A New Period of ImperialismA. Forms of Control

  • 2. There were 4 forms of colonial control:

    • colony,

    • protectorate,

    • sphere of influence,

    • economic imperialism.


I a new period of imperialism b methods of management

I. A New Period of ImperialismB. Methods of Management

  • 1. There were two basic types:

    • indirect control

    • direct control


C indirect control

C. Indirect Control

  • 1. Example: Britain which would ask a local ruler to accept British authority to rule

  • 2. The assumption was that the councils would train the local leaders in British method of government

  • 3. Once this was done correctly then the local population could govern itself


D direct control

D. Direct Control

  • 1. The French and other Euro’s preferred direct control of government

  • 2. This developed the policy of Paternalism meaning governing people in a paternal way by providing for their needs but not giving them rights


D direct control1

D. Direct Control

  • 3. Brought in their own diplomats and did not train the locals European ways of governing

  • 4. The French also supported assimilation which has people adopt the dominant culture way of life


Ii a british colony a gaining control

II. A British ColonyA. Gaining Control

  • 1. Britain gained control of Southern Nigeria through diplomacy and military means and those who rebelled were defeated

  • 2. In 1914 the Royal Niger Company gained control of the palm oil trade along the Niger river and were able to claim Nigeria as a colony


B managing the colony

B. Managing the Colony

  • 1. Managing Nigeria was difficult since there were about 250 different ethnic groups

  • 2. 3 largest groups were the Hausa-Fulani (Muslim) in the North, Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo (they were traditionalist) in the southeast.


Ii a british colony b managing the colony

II. A British ColonyB. Managing the Colony

  • 3. British used the indirect rule approach but this only worked with the Hausa-Fulani because they had a strong central government


Iii african resistance a unsuccessful movements

III. African ResistanceA. Unsuccessful Movements

  • 1. The Algerians resisted French rule for over 50 years

  • 2. SamoriToure of West Africa modernized his army and fought the French for 16 years but failed in the end


Iii african resistance a unsuccessful movements1

III. African ResistanceA. Unsuccessful Movements

  • 3. MajiMaji rebellion against the Germans in German East Africa cost the lives of over 75,000 via the machine gun.


B ethiopia a successful resistance

B. Ethiopia: A successful Resistance

  • 1. Menelik II became emperor in 1889 & he was able to play the Italians, French and British against each other because they all wanted a piece of his country

  • 2. Stockpiled modern weapons as a result of trades with the French and Russians


Iii african resistance b ethiopia a successful resistance

III. African ResistanceB. Ethiopia: A successful Resistance

  • 3. Successfully defeated the Italians in the Battle of Adowa; kept his nation independent


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