HOUSING in the EU The potential for developing Community Land Trusts in Europe Brussels 2 July 2013 [email protected] What is CECODHAS - Housing Europe?. CECODHAS - Housing Europe is the federation of cooperative, public, social housing
CECODHAS - Housing Europe is the federation of cooperative, public, social housing
… a network of national and regional housing federations of housing organisations.
Together the 43 members in 18 European members States manage 25 million dwellings which represent 12% of the total housing stock in the EU.
Our members work together for a Europe which provides access to decent and affordable housing for all in communities which are:
…and where all are enabled to reach their full potential.
Nominal house prices increase
Residential mortgage debt to GDP ratios in the EU 27
EU average: from 32% in 1998 to 52.4% in 2010
Tenure split, UE 27
Home-ownership in European OECD countries (1980-2004)
Social housing in selected EU countries (1980-2008)
Public (municipalities, publicly owned companies)
often retreating from new construction due to budget constraints
often focusing on the poorest/most vulnerable
Private (mainly not for profit/limited profit organisations, but increasingly also commercial developers)
In most cases ‘registered’ or ‘approved’ providers acting on not for profit basis
In some countries also ways to mobilise (temporarily) dwellings owned by private individuals or commercial developers for social goals
Cooperatives sometimes market actors, sometimes social role (special case Eastern Europe)
Providers of social housing
Note: figures only refer to CECODHAS members
HOUSING POLICY « FRIENDLY »
« COSTLY »
HOUSING POLICY « FRAMELY »
Energy efficiency: Former objective 2 regions will have to dedicate at least 20% to support shift towards a low-carbon economy, including energy efficiency and use of renewable energy in the housing sector
Social infrastructures: “(a) investing in health and social infrastructure which contribute to national, regional and local development, reducing inequalities in terms of health status, and transition from institutional to community-based services; (b) physical and economic regeneration of deprived urban and rural communities”;
Urban development: 5% of ERDF resources allocated to integrated actions for sustainable urban development delegated to and directly managed by cities.