The subjunctive mood
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obligation. doubt. necessity. desire. The subjunctive mood. wish. feeling. impossibility. possibility. uncertainty. obligation. How to form the subjunctive. Take the 3 rd person plural ( ils / elles form). That was the easy bit. j ouent perdent finissent.

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The subjunctive mood

obligation

doubt

necessity

desire

The subjunctivemood

wish

feeling

impossibility

possibility

uncertainty

obligation


How to form the subjunctive
How to form the subjunctive.

Take the 3rd person plural (ils/elles form)

That was the easy bit

jouentperdentfinissent

Remove the –entandadd the endings

-e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent.

jejouetuperdesilfinisse

nousjouionsvousperdiezellesfinissent



When to use the subjunctive
When to use the subjunctive.

The subjunctive

is almost always introduced by

queor qu’.

que

qu’


When to use the subjunctive1
When to use the subjunctive.

We call the subjunctive a MOOD not a tense…

because it is used largely to convey judgement or attitude rather than fact.


When to use the subjunctive2
When to use the subjunctive.

After expressions of necessity

ilfautqueit is necessary that

ilestnécessaireque

ilest urgent queit is urgent that

ilfaudraque

ilfaudraitque


When to use the subjunctive3
When to use the subjunctive.

After expressions of possibility

ilest possible queit is possible that

il se peutque it may be that

il arrive queit happens that

ilest impossible queit is impossible that


When to use the subjunctive4
When to use the subjunctive.

After verbs of desire

aimer queto like (that)

désirerqueto wish that

préférerqueto prefer that

souhaiterqueto wish that

vouloirqueto want that


When to use the subjunctive5
When to use the subjunctive.

After verbs of permission or request

consentir à cequeto agree (that)

défendreque to forbid that

demander que to ask that

empêcherqueto prevent

exigerqueto demand that

insister que to insist that

interdirequeto forbid that

ordonnerqueto order that

permettrequeto allow


When to use the subjunctive6
When to use the subjunctive.

After verbs of emotion

avoirhontequeto be ashamed (that)

avoirpeurque* to be afraid that

craindreque* to fear that

être content queto be happy that

êtresurprisqueto be surprised that

s’étonnerque to be surprised that

regretterqueto regret that

êtretristequeto be sad that

(* + ne)

*J’aipeurqu’ilnesoit trop tard.


When to use the subjunctive7
When to use the subjunctive.

After verbs of doubt or uncertainty

douterqueto doubt that

ilestdouteuxque it is doubtful that

nierque to deny that

semblerque* to seem that

ilestpeu probable queit is unlikely that

iln’est pas certain queit is not certain that

*Il mesemblequecette femme est trop naïve.


emotion

desire

What do they all mean?

emotion

necessity

demand

doubt

possibility

emotion

certainty

emotion


We use the subjunctive in English too.

God save our gracious Queen,

Long live our noble Queen


We use the subjunctive in English too.

Churchfields School

End of Year Report 1985

Mathematics 45% class average 56%

Set 1 of 7

Maryjane constantly undermines my belief in her ability in this subject.

It is important that she try harder.

I insist that she come to the extra lessons after school on Wednesdays to revise the work she has missed.

Miss Garwell class teacher

As the subjunctive is a little outdated it is often replaced by the indicative.


We also use the subjunctive...

after conjunctions of time

avantquebefore

jusqu’àcequeuntil

L’enquêtecontinuerajusqu’àcequ’onsache la vérité.


We also use the subjunctive...

after conjunctions indicating purpose

afinqueso that/ in order that

pour que so that/ in order that

de façon à cequein such a way that

de manière à cequein such a way that

J’écoute de la musiqueafinque je puisseoublier le stress.


We also use the subjunctive...

after conjunctions of condition

à condition queon condition that

à moinsqueunless

pourvuqueprovided that

supposéqueassuming that

Que.. (at beginning of sentence) whether

Quetuviennesou non, çam’estégal.


We also use the subjunctive...

after negative conjunctions and expressions such as

sans quewithout

non quenot that

cen’est pas queit is not that

cela ne veut pas dire quethis does not mean that

Il ne voulait pas l’acheter sans quetusoisd’accord.


We also use the subjunctive...

after these conjunctions

bienquealthough

quoiquealthough

Bien que je mette un pull, j’aitoujoursfroid.

after conjunctions indicating fear

de peurque (+ ne) for fear that

de crainteque(+ ne)for fear that

Il n’a pas demandé de peurqu’elledise non.


We also use the subjunctive...

after a superlative

C’est le meilleur James Bond quej’aiejamais vu.


We also use the subjunctive...

after premier, dernier, seul, unique

C’est le seul James Bond que je connaissevraiment.


We also use the subjunctive...

when you are talking about someone or something which may not exist

Je cherchequelqu’un qui puissem’aider.

I am looking for somebody who can help me.

When you are looking for someone who may not exist, that indicates doubt and therefore requires the subjunctive.


Trouve le français:

It is the worst film I have ever seen.

She is the nicest girl I know.

You are the only person who knows.

I want something which is bigger.

I would love to meet a man who had a good sense of humour.

C’est le pire film quej’aiejamais vu.

Elle est la fille la plus sympaque je connaisse.

Tues la seulepersonne qui sache.

Je veuxquelque chose qui soit plus grand.

J’aimeraisrencontrer un homme qui ait un bon sens de l’humour.


et maintenant à vous!


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