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Renaissance Art. Departure from the Medieval--a new emphasis on sensual, worldly existence… but the medieval world doesn’t simply vanish overnight. Renaissance Humanism. Patronage? Why was it important in the success of Renaissance art?

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renaissance art

Renaissance Art

Departure from the Medieval--a new emphasis on sensual, worldly existence…

but the medieval world doesn’t simply vanish overnight.

renaissance humanism
Renaissance Humanism
  • Patronage? Why was it important in the success of Renaissance art?
  • 2-sentence “essay” defining humanism (in Making of the West, pp 450-451)
  • “Civic Humanism”?
the renaissance had its medieval roots in vernacular literature like
“The Renaissance had its medieval roots in vernacular literature like...”
  • Dante Alighieri’s (1265-1321) Divine Comedy (1313-1321)
  • (Inferno, Purgatory, Paradise)
  • Written in Florentine dialect (vernacular)
  • A Christian tale, heavily influenced by Greek and Roman classical allusions.
values and virtues classical and medieval see page 135 of your reader
Classical

(Areté, Virtus):

Moderation, Wisdom, Courage, Justice

“Man is the Measure of all Things!” (Protagoras)

Medieval

“Christian” Virtues

Seven Christian Virtues and Vices

Values and Virtues: Classical and Medieval See page 135 of your Reader
medieval art
Medieval Art
  • Emphasis on salvation and a glorious afterlife drowns out most other concerns.
  • Medieval Christians viewed this earthly life and the human body as tainted by sin and corruption.
  • Medieval artists focused on the soul, not the body. Nude was shameful and usually seen in a negative light (sinners were nude)
  • Christendom emphasized the community over the individual. Artists were craftsmen working for guilds, not individuals expressing themselves.
  • Artists didn’t sign their work—pride was a mortal sin
  • Art served the needs of the church as a form of education—some might say propaganda!
renaissance foci
Renaissance Foci:
  • Humanism
  • Civic Humanism
  • Individual virtú
  • Importance of this world as well as the next world.
    • Patronage is necessary for these beautiful works of art, so wealth can’t be all bad…
    • What were the subjects of a Humanist education (Liberal Studies)?
renaissance art1
Renaissance Art
  • Rediscovery of art and literature of Greece and Rome.
  • The study of God and the Christian Gospels was augmented (not replaced!) by the study of human experience and life on earth. Not only Christian virtues, but also Classical virtues!
  • Informed by expansion of scientific knowledge of anatomy and perspective.
  • Lifelike—no longer supernatural, but natural subjects and styles.
  • Prestige of artists soared and we have our first great art “superstars”. Michelangelo was called “Divine”.
michelangelo the divine
Michelangelo: “The Divine”
  • Elevated the status of the artist
slide25
David (1501-1504)
  • How does it reflect Renaissance Virtues?
review
Review
  • What are the classical virtues?
  • Provide and example of how one work of art reflects humanism?
  • Provide an example of how art reflected Civic Humanism?
  • What are four techniques that Renaissance era artists used?
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