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Renaissance Art. Departure from the Medieval--a new emphasis on sensual, worldly existence… but the medieval world doesn’t simply vanish overnight. Renaissance Humanism. Patronage? Why was it important in the success of Renaissance art?

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Renaissance art

Renaissance Art

Departure from the Medieval--a new emphasis on sensual, worldly existence…

but the medieval world doesn’t simply vanish overnight.

Renaissance humanism
Renaissance Humanism

  • Patronage? Why was it important in the success of Renaissance art?

  • 2-sentence “essay” defining humanism (in Making of the West, pp 450-451)

  • “Civic Humanism”?

The renaissance had its medieval roots in vernacular literature like
“The Renaissance had its medieval roots in vernacular literature like...”

  • Dante Alighieri’s (1265-1321) Divine Comedy (1313-1321)

  • (Inferno, Purgatory, Paradise)

  • Written in Florentine dialect (vernacular)

  • A Christian tale, heavily influenced by Greek and Roman classical allusions.

Values and virtues classical and medieval see page 135 of your reader

Classical literature like...”

(Areté, Virtus):

Moderation, Wisdom, Courage, Justice

“Man is the Measure of all Things!” (Protagoras)


“Christian” Virtues

Seven Christian Virtues and Vices

Values and Virtues: Classical and Medieval See page 135 of your Reader

Art as a historical source

Style literature like...”


Art as a historical source

Medieval art
Medieval Art literature like...”

  • Emphasis on salvation and a glorious afterlife drowns out most other concerns.

  • Medieval Christians viewed this earthly life and the human body as tainted by sin and corruption.

  • Medieval artists focused on the soul, not the body. Nude was shameful and usually seen in a negative light (sinners were nude)

  • Christendom emphasized the community over the individual. Artists were craftsmen working for guilds, not individuals expressing themselves.

  • Artists didn’t sign their work—pride was a mortal sin

  • Art served the needs of the church as a form of education—some might say propaganda!

Illuminated manuscript the book of kells 760 820
Illuminated Manuscript: literature like...”“The Book of Kells” (760-820)

Icons berlinghiero s madonna and child early 12 th century
Icons: literature like...”Berlinghiero’s “Madonna and Child” (early 12th century)

Gothic churches cologne cathedral
Gothic Churches literature like...”Cologne Cathedral

Gothic sculpture teaching christ 13 th century chartres cathedral
Gothic Sculpture literature like...”“Teaching Christ” 13th Century Chartres Cathedral…

Giotto di bondone noli me tangere 1305
Giotto di Bondone: literature like...”“Noli me Tangere” 1305

Renaissance foci
Renaissance Foci: literature like...”

  • Humanism

  • Civic Humanism

  • Individual virtú

  • Importance of this world as well as the next world.

    • Patronage is necessary for these beautiful works of art, so wealth can’t be all bad…

    • What were the subjects of a Humanist education (Liberal Studies)?

Renaissance art1
Renaissance Art literature like...”

  • Rediscovery of art and literature of Greece and Rome.

  • The study of God and the Christian Gospels was augmented (not replaced!) by the study of human experience and life on earth. Not only Christian virtues, but also Classical virtues!

  • Informed by expansion of scientific knowledge of anatomy and perspective.

  • Lifelike—no longer supernatural, but natural subjects and styles.

  • Prestige of artists soared and we have our first great art “superstars”. Michelangelo was called “Divine”.

Donatello david c 1430 32
Donatello literature like...”“David”c 1430-32

Van eyck arnolfini wedding 1434

Van Eyck: “Arnolfini Wedding” literature like...”1434

Leonardo da vinci mona lisa 1503 6
Leonardo Da Vinci literature like...”Mona Lisa 1503-6

Da vinci in the womb c 1510
Da Vinci: literature like...”“in the womb”c. 1510

Da vinci study for the adoration of the magi c 1481
Da Vinci: literature like...”Study for “The Adoration of the Magi” (c. 1481)

Da vinci the last supper c 1495
Da Vinci: The Last Supper (c.1495) literature like...”

Michelangelo the divine
Michelangelo: “The Divine” literature like...”

  • Elevated the status of the artist

Pieta 1498 1500
Pieta literature like...”(1498-1500)

David (1501-1504) literature like...”

  • How does it reflect Renaissance Virtues?

Michelangelo sistine chapel the last judgment 1541
Michelangelo literature like...”Sistine Chapel“The Last Judgment”1541

Creation of adam
Creation of Adam literature like...”

Sistine chapel libyan sibyl
Sistine Chapel literature like...”“Libyan Sibyl”

Review literature like...”

  • What are the classical virtues?

  • Provide and example of how one work of art reflects humanism?

  • Provide an example of how art reflected Civic Humanism?

  • What are four techniques that Renaissance era artists used?