Renaissance art
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Renaissance Art. Departure from the Medieval--a new emphasis on sensual, worldly existence… but the medieval world doesn’t simply vanish overnight. Renaissance Humanism. Patronage? Why was it important in the success of Renaissance art?

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Renaissance Art

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Renaissance Art

Departure from the Medieval--a new emphasis on sensual, worldly existence…

but the medieval world doesn’t simply vanish overnight.


Renaissance Humanism

  • Patronage? Why was it important in the success of Renaissance art?

  • 2-sentence “essay” defining humanism (in Making of the West, pp 450-451)

  • “Civic Humanism”?


“The Renaissance had its medieval roots in vernacular literature like...”

  • Dante Alighieri’s (1265-1321) Divine Comedy (1313-1321)

  • (Inferno, Purgatory, Paradise)

  • Written in Florentine dialect (vernacular)

  • A Christian tale, heavily influenced by Greek and Roman classical allusions.


Classical

(Areté, Virtus):

Moderation, Wisdom, Courage, Justice

“Man is the Measure of all Things!” (Protagoras)

Medieval

“Christian” Virtues

Seven Christian Virtues and Vices

Values and Virtues: Classical and Medieval See page 135 of your Reader


Style

Subject

Art as a historical source


Medieval Art

  • Emphasis on salvation and a glorious afterlife drowns out most other concerns.

  • Medieval Christians viewed this earthly life and the human body as tainted by sin and corruption.

  • Medieval artists focused on the soul, not the body. Nude was shameful and usually seen in a negative light (sinners were nude)

  • Christendom emphasized the community over the individual. Artists were craftsmen working for guilds, not individuals expressing themselves.

  • Artists didn’t sign their work—pride was a mortal sin

  • Art served the needs of the church as a form of education—some might say propaganda!


Illuminated Manuscript:“The Book of Kells” (760-820)


Icons: Berlinghiero’s “Madonna and Child” (early 12th century)


Mosaic: Justinian and Attendants c. 547


Gothic ChurchesCologne Cathedral


Gothic Sculpture“Teaching Christ” 13th Century Chartres Cathedral…


Giotto di Bondone: “Noli me Tangere” 1305


Renaissance Foci:

  • Humanism

  • Civic Humanism

  • Individual virtú

  • Importance of this world as well as the next world.

    • Patronage is necessary for these beautiful works of art, so wealth can’t be all bad…

    • What were the subjects of a Humanist education (Liberal Studies)?


Renaissance Art

  • Rediscovery of art and literature of Greece and Rome.

  • The study of God and the Christian Gospels was augmented (not replaced!) by the study of human experience and life on earth. Not only Christian virtues, but also Classical virtues!

  • Informed by expansion of scientific knowledge of anatomy and perspective.

  • Lifelike—no longer supernatural, but natural subjects and styles.

  • Prestige of artists soared and we have our first great art “superstars”. Michelangelo was called “Divine”.


Donatello“David”c 1430-32


Botticelli: “Birth of Venus” 1482


Van Eyck: “Arnolfini Wedding” 1434


Hans Holbein the Younger “The French Ambassadors” 1533


Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa 1503-6


Da Vinci: “in the womb”c. 1510


Da Vinci: Study for “The Adoration of the Magi” (c. 1481)


Da Vinci: The Last Supper (c.1495)


Michelangelo: “The Divine”

  • Elevated the status of the artist


Pieta(1498-1500)


David (1501-1504)

  • How does it reflect Renaissance Virtues?


MichelangeloSistine Chapel“The Last Judgment”1541


Creation of Adam


Sistine Chapel“Libyan Sibyl”


Review

  • What are the classical virtues?

  • Provide and example of how one work of art reflects humanism?

  • Provide an example of how art reflected Civic Humanism?

  • What are four techniques that Renaissance era artists used?


Raphael (1483-1520): “School of Athens” 1510-1511


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