Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs
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rHf;fiu Neha; gw;wpa cz;ikfs;. rHf;fiu Neha; vd;why; vd;d ?. nghJthf ek; clk;gpy; cs;s midj;J jpRf;fSk; ed;whf ,aq;f rf;jpahdJ rHf;fiu tbtpy; nry;fpwJ. me;j rHf;fiu cztpypUe;J ,uj;jj;jpw;F tUfpwJ. ,uj;jj;jpy; rHf;fiu ,Uf;f Ntz;ba msT. rhg;ghl;bw;F Kd; : 70 Kjy; 110 mg / dl

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Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

rHf;fiu Neha; gw;wpa cz;ikfs;


Rhf fiu neha vd why vd d

rHf;fiu Neha; vd;why; vd;d ?

nghJthf ek; clk;gpy; cs;s midj;J jpRf;fSk; ed;whf ,aq;f rf;jpahdJ rHf;fiu tbtpy; nry;fpwJ. me;j rHf;fiu cztpypUe;J ,uj;jj;jpw;F tUfpwJ.

,uj;jj;jpy; rHf;fiu ,Uf;f Ntz;ba msT

rhg;ghl;bw;F Kd; :

70 Kjy; 110 mg / dl

rhg;ghl;bw;F gpd; :

100 Kjy; 140 mg / dl

,e;j msTf;F mjpfkhf rHf;fiu ,uj;jj;jpy; fhzg;gl;lhy;> mJNt rHf;fiu Neha; vdg;gLfpwJ.


Rhf fiu neha f f fhuzk vd d

rHf;fiu Neha;f;F fhuzk; vd;d ?

  • rh;f;fiu Neha; cs;s egUf;F ,d;Rypd; cw;gj;jpahtjpy;iy my;yJ ,d;Rypd; gw;whf;Fiw Vw;gLfpwJ.

  • ,d;Rypd; vd;Dk; jputk; tapw;wpYs;s cWg;ghfpa fizaj;jpypUe;J Ruf;fpwJ.

  • ,e;j ,d;Rypd; clypy; cs;s jpRf;fspDs; rh;f;fiu Eiotjw;F cjtp nra;fpwJ.

  • ,d;Rypd; ,y;yhJ Nghdhy; rh;f;fiu jpRf;fspy; EioahJ> mJ ,uj;jj;jpy; mjpfhpj;J tpLk;.


Uj jj jpy rhf fiuapd mst rhf fiu neha cs sthfs y yhjthfs

,uj;jj;jpy; rHf;fiuapd; msTrHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfs; & ,y;yhjtHfs;


Rhf fiu nehapd mwpfwpfs

rHf;fiu Nehapd; mwpFwpfs;

  • mjpf jhfk;

  • vil FiwT

  • kpFe;j fisg;G

  • Mwhj Gz;

  • mbf;fb rpWePH fopj;jy;

    vy;yh rHf;fiu NehahspfSf;Fk; ,e;j mwpFwpfs; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. tof;fkhd ,uj;j ghpNrhjidapd; %yNk rHf;fiu Nehahspfs; fz;lwpag;gLthHfs;.


Rhf fiu nehapd tiffs

rHf;fiu Nehapd; tiffs;

Kjy; tif :

nghJthf gpwe;j Foe;ij Kjy; 15 taJ tiu Vw;gLk; rHf;fiu Neha; ,e;j tifiar; rhHe;jJ. ,tHfSf;F ,d;Rypd; JspasT $l Ruf;f tha;g;gpy;iy. vdNt tho;ehs; KOtJk; ,d;Rypd; Crpia gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; %yk; kw;wtHfisg; Nghy tho;f;ifia rPuhf itj;jpUf;fyhk;.

,uz;lhk; tif :

ngUk;ghYk; 40 tajpw;F Nky; cs;stHfSf;F Vw;gLk;. rpW tajpdUf;Fk; Vw;glyhk;. ,tHfSf;F khj;jpiuapd; %yk; ,d;Rypd; Ruf;f nra;J rHf;fiuapd; msit rPuhf;f KbAk;. rpy Mz;LfSf;Fg;gpd; ,d;Rypd; Crp Njitg;gLfpwJ.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

kw;w tiffs; :

  • fiza Nehapd; fhuzkhf Vw;gLk; rHf;fiu Neha;.

  • Foe;ij fUg;igapy; tsUk;NghJ kl;Lk; Vw;gLk; - rHf;fiu Neha;.

  • ehskpy;yh Rug;gpfspd; Fiwghl;bdhy; Vw;gLk; - rHf;fiu Neha;.

    Fwpg;G :

  • xU Kiw ,d;Rypd; gad;gLj;jpdhy; njhlHe;J mNj gof;fkhfptpLk; vd;w kf;fs; fUj;J jtW. Njitg;gLk; NghJ ,d;Rypd; Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.


Rhf fiu nehia vd fl lg glj j ntz lk

rHf;fiu Nehia Vd; fl;Lg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; ?

  • rHf;fiu Nehia Fzg;gLj;j KbahJ. Mdhy; mij fl;Lg;gLj;j KbAk;. mijf; fl;Lg;gLj;jhtpl;lhy; mJ jPtpukhd cldb (m) ePbj;j cghijfspy; nfhz;L tpLk;.

  • ,e;j ePbj;j cghijfs; ehsiltpy; Kf;fpa cly; cWg;Gfis ghjpf;f Jtq;FfpwJ.

fz;

fz; ghHitf;F CW tpistpf;Fk;

,Ujak;

mjpf ,uj;j mOj;jk; (m) khuilg;G.

rpWePufk;

rpWePuf NfhshW.

euk;Gfs;

czHr;rp ,oj;jy;.

fhy;

fhy; Gz; (m) cWg;G ePf;fk;.


Rhf fiu nehia vg gb fl lg glj jtj

rHf;fiu Nehia vg;gb fl;Lg;gLj;JtJ ?

  • czTf; fl;Lg;ghL

  • khj;jpiufs; (m) ,d;Rypd;

  • clw;gapw;rp

  • rh;f;fiu Neha; fy;tp (Diabetes Education)

  • rPuhd tho;f;if Kiw

rHf;fiu NehAk;> %is kw;Wk; euk;G kz;lyKk;

  • %isapd; Nkw;gug;gpypUe;J Edpf;fhy; tiuapYs;s ve;j euk;G Ntz;LkhdhYk; ghjpf;f tha;g;Gz;L.

  • %isapy; ,uj;j Foha; milg;G (gf;fthjk;) rh;f;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F mjpfkhf fhzg;gLfpwJ.


Fhuzk

fhuzk; :-

  • euk;Gfspy; Vw;gLk; Ntjpapay; khw;wKk; ,uj;jf; Foha;fspy; nfhOg;Gg; gbjYk;.

jLf;f topKiwfs; :-

  • Kiwahd rpfpr;ir kw;Wk; czTf; fl;Lg;ghL.

  • tUlk; xU Kiw ,uj;jj;jpy; nfhOg;gpd; msit ghpNrhjid nra;J mjw;fhd rpfpr;ir ngWjy;.

  • clw;gapw;rp nra;jy;.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

rHf;fiu NehAk; fz; ghjpg;Gk; :-

Vd; ?

  • fz; ghHit ,og;G - 20%. rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F Vw;gLfpwJ..

  • ePz;l ehs; rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F fz; ,uj;jf;Foha; kw;Wk; euk;G ghjpg;gpdhy; fz;fs; ghjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

jLf;f top Kiwfs;

  • Kiwahd rpfpr;ir kw;Wk; czTf; fl;Lg;ghl;bd; %yk; ,uj;jj;jpy; rHf;fiuapd; msit rPuhf itj;jpUj;jy;.

  • tUlk; xU Kiw fz; ghpNrhjid nra;jy;.

Muk;g epiyapy; fz;ghjpg;G fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lhy; cldb NyrH rpfpr;irapd; %yk; ghHit ,og;ig jLf;f ,aYk;.


Rhf fiu nehak uja nehak

rHf;fiu NehAk; ,Uja NehAk;

  • khuilg;G (Heart Attack)

    • khuilg;G rHf;fiu Neha; cs;s Mz;fSf;F ,uz;L klq;Fk;> rHf;fiu Neha; cs;s ngz;fSf;F ehd;F klq;Fk; mjpfkhf fhzg;gLfpwJ.

    • khuilg;G> rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F rpW tajpNyNa fhzg;gLfpwJ.

    • khuilg;G> rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F clypy; cs;s Kf;fpa ,uj;j Foha;fis jPtpukhf ghjpf;fpwJ.

  • ,uj;jf;nfhjpg;G> rHf;fiu NehahspfSf;F ,uz;L klq;F mjpfkhf fhzg;gLfpwJ.

  • rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F> ,uj;jj;jpy; nfhOg;Gr;rj;J mjpfkhf cs;sjhy;> ,Uja RtHfs; tPf;fk; milfpwJ.


Jlf f top kiwfs

jLf;f top Kiwfs;

  • Kiwahd rpfpr;ir kw;Wk; czT fl;Lg;ghL ,tw;wpd; %yk; rHf;fiu Nehapd; msit rPuhf itj;jpUj;jy;.

  • ,uj;jj;jpy; cs;s 5 tifahd nfhOg;G rj;jpd; msit tUlk; xUKiw ghpNrhjid nra;J mjw;fhd rpfpr;ir ngWjy;.

  • clw;gapw;rp.


Lipid profile uj jj jpy cs s ehd f tifahd nfhog gpd mst mg

LIPID PROFILE ,uj;jj;jpy; cs;s ehd;F tifahd nfhOg;gpd; msT (mg)


Rhf fiu nehak rpwepuf ghjpg gk

rHf;fiu NehAk; rpWePuf ghjpg;Gk;

rpWePuf NfhshW gy fhuzq;fshy; Vw;gLfpwJ. mjpy; 33 % rHf;fiu Nehapdhy; “Mgj;jhd rpWePuf Neha;” (End Stage Kidney Disease) Vw;gLfpwJ.

rpWePuf ghjpg;Gfs; Vd; ?

ePz;l ehs; rHf;fiu fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,y;yhj NghJ rpWePuf jpRf;fspy; mjpf mOj;jk; Vw;gLtjhy; rpWepuf NfhshW Vw;gLfpd;wJ.


Ij jlf fk topkiwfs

,ij jLf;Fk; topKiwfs;

  • Kiwahd rpfpr;ir kw;Wk; czT fl;Lg;ghl;bdhy; ,uj;jj;jpy; rh;f;fiuapd; msit rPuhf itj;jpUj;jy;.

  • tUlk; xU Kiw rpWePhpy; my;GkpDhpah (Micro Albuminuria Test) ghpNrhjid nra;J mjw;fhd rpfpr;ir ngWjy;.

rHf;fiu Nehapdhy; Vw;gLk; fhy; ghjpg;G (Diabetic Foot)

fhuzq;fs;

  • ePz;l ehs; rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfs; Gz;fspd; typia czUk; jd;ik Fiwe;J tpLtjhy;.

  • ePz;l ehs; rHf;fiu fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,y;yhj NghJ fhYf;F ,uj;j Xl;lk; Fiwtjhy;;.

  • rpWGz; vd;W ftdpf;fhky; ,Ug;gjhy;.


E nehia jlf fk topkiwfs

,e;Nehia jLf;Fk; topKiwfs; :-

  • fhy;fis ntJntJg;ghd ePhpy; kpUJthf Nrhg;Gld; fOt Ntz;Lk;.

  • jpdKk; fhy;fis Rj;jkhf itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. RUf;fkhf $wpdhy; (Kfj;ij ghJfhg;gJ Nghy fhy;fis ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk;).

  • fhYf;F Vw;w fhyzpfis gad;gLj;jTk;.

  • fhyzpfs; ,y;yhky; ntspapy; nry;yf;$lhJ.

  • rpWGz;fisAk; rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfs; kUj;Jthplk; fhz;gpj;J rpfpr;ir ngw Ntz;Lk;.


Rhf fiu nehak fpukp jhf fkk infection

rHf;fiu NehAk; - fpUkp jhf;fKk;(INFECTION)

  • fpUkp jhf;fk; rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F mjpfkhf fhzg;gLfpwJ.

  • rpWePufk;> fy;yPuy;> gpj;jg;ig> vYk;G> Njhy;> EiuaPuy;> if kw;Wk; fhy;fspy; fpUkpj; jhf;fk; Vw;gLfpwJ.

    fhuzk;

  • rh;f;fiu Neha; fl;Lg;ghl;by; ,y;yhjtHfSf;F fpUkpia vjpHj;J NghuhLk; rf;;jp Fiwtjdhy;.


Rhf fiu nehak gps isg ngwk

rHf;fiu NehAk; - gps;isg;NgWk;

rpy ngz;fSf;F Foe;ij fUg;igapy; tsUk; NghJ kl;Lk; rHf;fiu Neha; (Gestational Diabetes) ,Uf;Fk;.

Foe;ij gpwe;jTld; ,e;j rHf;fiu Neha; jhdhfNt rhpahfptpLk;. ,t;tifahd rHf;fiu NehAs;s ngz;fs; ,uj;jj;jpy; rHf;fiuapd; msit Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; tiu kpf rPuhf itj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,y;iy vdpy; fPo;fz;l Neha;fs; Foe;ijia ghjpf;Fk;.


Rhf fiu nehak gps isg ngwk1

rHf;fiu NehAk; - gps;isg;NgWk;

  • Foe;ij vil mjpfkhfNth (my;yJ) kpff; Fiwe;Njh fhzg;gLk;.

  • %r;Rj; jpzwy;.

  • fhkhiy.

  • fUg;igapy; Foe;ij ,wj;jy;.

  • %is> jz;Ltlk; kw;Wk; ,jaj;jpy; gpwtp FiwghL.

    rpfpr;ir

  • czTf; fl;Lg;ghL

  • ,d;Rypd; Crp

  • fHg;gpzpg; ngz;fs; rHf;fiu Neha; khj;jpiufis cz;zf; $lhJ.


Rhf fiu nehak gazkk

rHf;fiu NehAk; - gazKk;

  • rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfs; vq;F nrd;whYk; jd;Dld; rHf;fiu Neha;f;fhd ml;ilia vLj;Jr; nry;y Ntz;Lk;. mjpy; rhg;gpLk; khj;jpiu (m) ,d;Rypd; Crp tptuk;> tPl;L tpyhrk;> njhiyNgrp vz; Fwpj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

  • Njitahd khj;jpiufs; (m) ,d;Rypd; Crp nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;Lk;

  • fw;fz;L (m) rHf;fiu (m) rhf;nyl; cld; vLj;Jr; nry;y Ntz;Lk;.

  • ePz;l Neuk; thfdk; xl;l Neh;e;jhy; ,uz;L (m) %d;W kzp Neuj;jpw;F xU Kiw rpW czT rhg;gpl Ntz;Lk;. (gp];fl;> ghy; Nghd;wit).


Rhf fiuapd mst fiwjy i nghfpisrpkpah

rHf;fiuapd; msT Fiwjy; (i`NghfpisrPkpah)

  • rHf;fiu NehahspfSf;F grp Neuj;jpy; rHf;fiuapd; msT FiwAk; NghJ glglg;G> eLf;fk;> mjpf tpaHit> gaczHr;rp> gyfPdk;> jiytyp Vw;gLk;. ,ij cldbahf rhp nra;a fw;fz;L (m) rHf;fiu (m) rhf;nyl; cz;z Ntz;Lk;.

    fhuzk;

  • Neuk; jtwp rhg;gpLjy;

  • khj;jpiu (m) ,d;Rypd; Crp rhpahf vLj;Jf; nfhz;l gpwF #o;epiy fhuzkhf czT rhg;gpl jtWjy; (m) Fiwthd czT cz;Zjy;.


Rhf fiuapd mst fiwjy i nghfpisrpkpah1

rHf;fiuapd; msT Fiwjy; (i`NghfpisrPkpah)

jLf;f topKiwfs;

  • rhpahd Neuj;jpy; czT cz;Zjy;.

  • rhpahd msT rhg;ghL ,y;iy vd;why; md;W rHf;fiu khj;jpiuia Fiwj;J rhg;gplyhk; (m) me;j Ntiy khj;jpiuia jtpHf;fTk;.


Rhf fiu neha nfhkh

rHf;fiu Neha; Nfhkh

  • ,e;epiyapy; ,d;Rypd; Kw;wpYk; Fiwe;J tpLfpwJ. clk;gpy; ePH FiwtpdhYk; ,uj;jj;jpy; mkpy kpFjpahYk; kaf;fk; cz;lhfpwJ.

,jdhy; fPo;fz;l mwpFwpfs; njd;gLk;

  • Rthrk; tpl rpukk;> Fkl;ly;> the;jp> mjpf fisg;G> rpWePH mbf;fb fop;j;jy;> tapw;Wtyp> Gspg;G ehw;wj;Jld; ,Uf;Fk; Rthrk;. ,e;j mgha khWjy;fspd; gOJ gy tifapy; Neuyhk;.


Rhf fiu neha nfhkh1

rHf;fiu Neha; Nfhkh

  • ,d;Rypd; (m) khj;jpiu rpfpr;iria kUj;Jthpd; MNyhrid ,y;yhky; jhq;fshfNt tpLjy;.

  • czT fl;Lg;ghl;il mDrhpf;fhjpUj;jy;.

  • fpUkp jhf;fk;.

rpfpr;ir

  • Nfhkh epiyapy; cs;stHfis cldbahf kUj;Jtkidapy; NrHj;J jPtpu rpfpr;ir nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.


Rhf fiu neha cs sthfsf f czt fl lg ghl mtrpak vd

rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfSf;F czT fl;Lg;ghL mtrpak; - Vd; ?

nghJthf ehk; czT mjpfkhf cz;lhYk; mjw;Nfw;wthW ,d;Rypd; fizaj;jpypUe;J Rue;J> rHf;fiuapd; msit ,uj;jj;jpy; rPuhf;Fk;. rHf;fiu NehahspfSf;F ,d;Rypd; Nghjpa mstpy; Rug;gjpy;iy. ,d;Rypd; Fiwe;J fhzg;gLtjhy; mjw;Nfw;wgb czit Fiwj;J %d;W Ntisf;F gjpy; Ie;J Ntisahf gphpj;J cz;lhy; ,d;Rypd; jd; Ntiyia nra;a VJthf ,Uf;Fk;.


Rhf fiu neha cs sthfs vt tst czt fnyhhp cz z ntz lk

rHf;fiu Neha; cs;stHfs; vt;tsT czT (fNyhhp) cz;z Ntz;Lk;

cztpypUe;J tUk; rf;jpapd; msTNfhy; jhd; “fNyhhp” vd;gjhFk;.

  • xU fpuhk; fhHNghi`l;Njl; cz;lhy; 4 fNyhhp rf;jpAk;>

  • xU fpuhk; nfhOg;G cz;lhy; 4 fNyhhp rf;jpAk; fpilf;Fk;.


Cztpd mstk cly vilak

cztpd; msTk; cly; vilAk;

  • ehk; cz;Zk; cztpd; msT ekJ ciog;G kw;Wk; cly; vilia nghWj;jJ.

  • xUtupd; rhpahd vil (IDEAL BODY WEIGHT) cauk; kw;Wk; cly; mikg;ig itj;J epHzapf;fg;gLfpwJ.


Cztpd mst xu ehisf f

rhpahd vil

cztpd; msT xU ehisf;F

  • rupahd viliatpl 20 % mjpfkhf ,Ue;jhy; mjpf vil cs;stHfs;.

  • rupahd viliatpl 20 % Fiwthf ,Ue;jhy; Fiwe;j vil cs;stHfs;.

mjpf vil cs;stHfs;  20 Calories /Kgvil

Fiwthd vil cs;stHfs;  40 Calories /Kgvil

rhpahd vil cs;stHfs; ;  30 Calories /Kgvil.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

cztpd; mq;fq;fs;

ehk; rhg;gpLk; cztpy; fhHNghi`l;Nul;> Gujk;> nfhOg;G> itl;lkpd;fs;> jhJg;nghUl;fs;> ehHnghUl;fs; kw;Wk; ePH rj;J Mfpait cs;sd.

fhHNghi`l;Nul;

clYf;F Njitahd vhpnghUis nfhLf;fpwJ. ,it jhdpaq;fs; (mhprp> NfhJik> Nfo;tpuF> fk;G> Nrhsk;)> rHf;fiu> Njd;> [hk;> nuhl;b.> E}Ly;]; Mfpatw;wpy; cs;sJ.

Gujk;

mit cly; tsHr;rpf;Fk;> cly; rPuhf;Ftjw;Fk; Njitg;gLfpwJ. ,it ghy; kw;Wk; ghy; nghUl;fs;> khkprk;> Kl;il nts;is fU> gUg;G tiffs;> jhdpaq;fs; Mfpatw;wpy; cs;sJ.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

cztpd; mq;fq;fs; :-

nfhOg;G

clypy; Nrkpj;J itj;jpUf;Fk; vhpnghUs; jhd; nfhOg;G mit vz;nza; tiffs;> Kl;il kQ;rs; fU> khkprk;> nea;> ntz;nza;> fphPk; Mfpatw;wpy; cs;sJ. nfhOg;gpy; cs;s Ngl;b Mrpl; (Fatty Acid) tpjj;jpd; msitg; nghWj;J nfhOg;ig %d;W tifahf gphpf;fyhk;.

  • rhl;rNul;ll;/Ngl;b Mrpl; epiwe;j nfhOg;G (khkprk;> nea;> ntz;nza;> fphPk;).

  • NkhNd md; rhl;rNul;ll;/Ngl;b Mrpl; epiwe;j nfhOg;G (flnyz;iz> ghkhapy;> Mypt; vz;nza;).

  • ghyp md; rhl;rNul;ll;/Ngl;b Mrpl; epiwe;j nfhOg;G (Nrhah gPd;]; vz;nza;  60%> #hpafhe;jp vz;nza;  58%> kPd; vz;nza;  50%> ey;nyz;nza;  43%> flnyz;nza;  31%).


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

cztpd; mq;fq;fs; :-

ehHnghUl;fs;

cztpy; [Puzpf;f Kbahj jhtu capuZtpd; gFjpia ehHnghUs; vd;W $WfpNwhk;. Njitahd ehH nghUs; rhg;gpl;lhy; cz;lhFk; ed;ikfs;.

  • ,uj;jj;jpy; rh;f;fiuapd; msit rPuhf itf;fpwJ.

  • nfhy];l;uhy; msit Fiwj;J ,Uja Nehia Fiwf;fpwJ.

  • jz;zPH <Hg;G jd;ikahy; ehHnghUs; tphptile;J tapW epug;gpa czHit cz;lhf;Fk;.

  • ,J cly; gUkid Fiwf;f cjTfpwJ.

  • kyr;rpf;fiy jtpHf;Fk;.

  • ehH nghUs; mjpfk; cz;gtHfSf;F ngUq;Fly; Gw;WNeha; kpfTk; FiwT.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

cztpd; mq;fq;fs; :-

  • ,uj;jj;jp;y; nfhy];l;uhiy Fiwg;gjw;F ghyp md;rhl;rNul;ll; nfhOg;G mjpfkhf cs;s vz;nza;ia gad;gLj;JtJ kpfTk; rpwe;jJ.

  • rhl;rNul;ll; nfhOg;G ,uj;jj;jp;y; nfhy];l;uhiy mjpfg;gLj;Jtjhy;> ,ij Fiwthf gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.

  • jz;zPH :-

    cztpd; kpf Kf;fpa mq;fk;.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

czT khw;Wg; gl;bay;

  • xNu khjphpahd czT rhg;gpLtjhy;; Vw;gLk; rypg;ig jtpHf;f jpdrhp cztpw;F khw;Wg;gl;bay; nfhLf;fg;gl;L cs;sJ. ,jpy; xNu msthd fhHNghi`l;Nul;> Gujk; kw;Wk; nfhOg;G cs;s czT tiffs; jdpj;jdpahf gphpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

  • cjhuzkhf jpdrhp NkhH gUfp ntWg;G mile;jhy; mjw;F khw;whf Ntnwhd;W Ntz;Lnkdpy; ghy; khw;Wg; gl;baypUe;J cs;s NtW czit cz;zyhk;.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

fha;fwp khw;Wg; gl;bay;

  • nte;jaf;fPiu

  • nts;shpf;fha;

  • thiog;g+

  • griyf;fPiu

  • Nfhitf;fha;

  • Ks;sq;fp

  • g+rzpf;fha;

  • KUq;iff;fha;

  • gPHf;fq;fha;

  • ghfw;fha;

  • E}y;Nfhy;

  • Glyq;fha;

  • jf;fhsp

  • fj;jhpf;fha;

  • jz;Lf;fPiu

  • Riuf;fha;

  • Kl;ilNfh];

  • ntz;ilf;fha;

  • fhypgpstH

  • khq;fha;

  • gg;ghspf;fha;


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

fha;fwp khw;Wg; gl;bay;

,e;j fha;fwpfspy; fhHNghi`l;Nul; kw;Wk; fNyhhp msT kpfTk; FiwT. vdNt ,jid mstpd;wp tpUg;gg;gb cz;zyhk;.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

fha;fwp khw;Wg; gl;bay;

,e;j fha;fwpfspy; fhHNghi`l;Nul; kw;Wk; fNyhhp rw;W mjpfkhf cs;sjhy; msthf rhg;gpLtJ ey;yJ.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

jhdpa khw;Wg; gl;bay;

30 fpuhk; fk;G> ghHyp> Nrhsk;> kf;fhNrhsk;> Nfo;tuF> NfhJik> uit> mty; Nghd;w jhdpaq;fs; cz;gjhy; 100 fNyhhpfs; fpilf;Fk;;;. ,jpy; 20 fpuhk; fhHNghi`l;Nul;Lk; 2 fpuhk; GujKk; cs;sJ.

nfhOg;G khw;Wg; gl;bay;


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

khkpr czT khw;Wg; gl;bay;

Nfhopf;fwp cz;Zk; NghJ Njhy; ePf;fk; nra;tJ ey;yJ. (,jpy; mjpf nfhOg;G cs;sjhy;).


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

ghy; khw;Wg; gl;bay;

  • ,jpy; 5 fpuhk; Gujk; cs;sJ.

  • 100 fNyhhp rf;jp nfhLf;Fk;.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

gok; khw;Wg; gl;bay;

  • ,jpy; 10 fpuhk; fhHNghi`l;Nul;cs;sJ.

  • ,jpy; 50 fNyhhp rf;jp nfhLf;Fk;.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

gok; khw;Wg; gl;bay;


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

gok; khw;Wg; gl;bay;

  • ng - nghpaJ

  • e - eLj;juk;

  • rp - rpwpaJ


Dpg gk rhf fiu nehak

,dpg;Gk; rHf;fiu NehAk;

  • ,dpg;G tpUk;GNthH fhgp> B> ghy; Mfpatw;wpy; nraw;if rHf;fiu tiffs; gad;gLj;jyhk;.

    • M];gHNlk; ( Equal )

    • rhf;fhpd; ( Sweetex )

  • ghahrk; Ntz;Lk; vd;why; nraw;if rHf;fiu tif NrHj;J rikf;fyhk;.

    • ghrpg;gUg;G= 25 fpuhk;

    • ghy;= 60 kpy;yp ypl;lH

    • Vyf;fha;= 2

    • nraw;if rHf;fiu= 5

ghrpg;gUg;ig ePhpy; Njitahd Neuk; Cw itj;J gpd; Ntfitj;J> ghy;> Vyf;fha; Ntfitj;J gpwF nraw;if rHf;fiu khj;jpiuia fyf;fTk;. ,g;NghJ rHf;fiuapd; msT ,uj;jj;jpy; mjpfkhfhj ghahrk; jahH.


Rhf fiu neha gw wpa cz ikfs

  • NfhJikapy; jahhpj;j czT rHf;fiuapd; msit Fiwf;fpwJ vd;gJ jtwhd fUj;J.

,it midj;JNk Vwf;Fiwa xNu msthd fNyhhp (rf;jpia) jhd; nfhLf;fpwJ. vdNt NfhJikia kl;Lk; rhg;gpl Ntz;Lk; vd;w fl;lhak; ,y;iy. ve;j tifahd jhdpakhf ,Ue;jhYk; msthf cz;z Ntz;Lk;.


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