Early History of Codified Law
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Early History of Codified Law Code of Hammurabi Mosaic Law Justinian Code Greek PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Early History of Codified Law Code of Hammurabi Mosaic Law Justinian Code Greek. Early History of Codified Law Code of Hammurabi Earliest Literally carved in stone Categorisation : family, criminal, labour , property, trade, business. Retribution Established system of judges.

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Early History of Codified Law Code of Hammurabi Mosaic Law Justinian Code Greek

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Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Early History of Codified Law

  • Code of Hammurabi

  • Mosaic Law

  • Justinian Code

  • Greek


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Early History of Codified Law

  • Code of Hammurabi

    • Earliest

    • Literally carved in stone

    • Categorisation: family, criminal, labour, property, trade, business.

    • Retribution

    • Established system of judges


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Early History of Codified Law

  • Mosaic Law

    • First give books of Old Testament, Ten Commandments

    • Literally carved in stone

    • Corporal/capital punishment

    • Retribution


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Early History of Codified Law

  • Justinian Code

    • Became basis for Western law traditions

    • Established profession of experts

    • Equity

    • Lives on in Napoleonic (French Civil) Code


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Early History of Codified Law

  • Greek

    • responsible for 4 main types of law:

  • 1. Tort Law

  • 2. Public Law

  • 3. Procedural

  • 4. Family

    • creating the legal process trials, convictions, and sentencing


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Foundations of Canadian Law

  • Two of three founding nations of Canada

    • France- Napoleonic/French Civil Code

    • England- Common Law


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Foundations of Canadian Law

  • French Civil Code

    • Private Law, based on Roman Law of Emperor Justinian

    • 1 book

    • Associated with “Civil Code” & “Justinian Code”

    • Contains almost all private law

    • Major influence Quebec Law- permitted in Proclamation 1770/Quebec Act 1774


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Foundations of Canadian Law

  • English Common Law

    • “Judge-made law”

    • Founded in feudal England

    • Judges traveled from town to town & applied the law similarly in similar cases

    • Known as: “Rule of Precedent”

  • “Stare Decisis” – to stand by previous decision

  • Established impartial & standard law

  • Judges rulings recorded – creating Case Law, which was applied in future similar legal cases

  • *King always maintained veto


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Foundations of Canadian Law

  • English Common Law Evolution (I)

King

Lords Barons

(Sole Judges of law) Judges

English Common Law

(Judges met (assizes) to increase consistency)


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

  • Foundations of Canadian Law

  • English Common Law Evolution (II)

    • Rule of Law

      • Equality

      • No restrictions without reason

      • Legal rights could not be changed without consent (of the people, where true power lay)

      • Habeas corpus


Early history of codified law code of hammurabi mosaic law justinian code greek

List of what must be codified/criminalised

List of what may be codified/criminalised

Argue for more or less codification/criminalisation. Reference a high profile Canadian issue (marijuana, gun control, safe injection sites)


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