ICT Use at Schools in Japan
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Shinobu Yume Yamaguchi Junko Onodera Tokyo Institute of Technology INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ICT Use at Schools in Japan : Analysis on Current ICT Infrastructure and Case Studies in Basic Education. Shinobu Yume Yamaguchi Junko Onodera Tokyo Institute of Technology INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

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Shinobu yume yamaguchi junko onodera tokyo institute of technology international conference

ICT Use at Schools in Japan:Analysis on Current ICT Infrastructure and Case Studies in Basic Education

Shinobu Yume Yamaguchi

Junko Onodera

Tokyo Institute of Technology

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

The Social Value of Educational Technology in Southeast Asia: an Intellectual Exchange Conference for Japan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam

November 7-8, 2011


Objectives

Objectives

  • Analyzing the current ICT use environment at primary and junior high schools in Japan

  • Illustrating some examples of ICT use in classrooms

  • Identifying advantages and issues related in ICT introduction at schools

    [Main References]

  • Survey results by MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Japan)

    • Survey on ICT and visual aids facilities at schools and social education institutions (10% of total public schools)

    • Survey on digitization of education at schools (all public schools)

  • Major findings from workshops

  • 3 model cases of ICT use in classroom


Average ict equipment at schools

Average ICT Equipment at Schools

(n=1,303)

(n=596)

n= number of survey participating schools


Top 5 ict equipment frequently used

Top 5 ICT equipment frequently used

(n=1,303)

(n=596)

[%]

[%]

n= number of survey participating schools

Source: MEXT, 2011


Computer installment rates for teachers managerial work

Computer installment rates for teachers’ managerial work

(n=396,681)

(n=225,945)

[%]

(n=400,444)

(n=227,928)

n= total number of

primary and junior high

school teachers in Japan

Source: MEXT, 2011


Number of students per computer

Number of students per computer


Digital blackboard

Digital Blackboard

Digital Blackboard possession rate

[%]

Average number of digital blackboard owned

(n=21,105)

(n=9,778)

n= total number of primary and junior high

schools in Japan

Source: MEXT, 2011


The way of computer installation

The way of computer installation

(n=893,179)

(n=507,281)

n= total number of school computers for education use in Japan

Source: MEXT, 2011


Digital textbook

Digital Textbook

(n=9,778)

(n=21,105)

n= total number of primary and junior high schools in Japan

Source: MEXT, 2011


Lan connection for classroom

LAN connection for classroom

(n=258,744)

(n=107,293)

n= total number of classrooms

Source: MEXT, 2011


School homepage

School homepage

(n=9,778)

(n=21,102)

n= total number of primary and junior high schools in Japan

Source: MEXT, 2011


School e mail address for teachers

School e-mail addressfor Teachers

(n=225,945)

(n=396,681)

n= total number of primary and junior high school teachers

Source: MEXT, 2011


Ict training

ICT training

Is national teacher training for improving instruction ability in ICT use necessary?

Primary school

(n=596)

Junior high school

(n=1,303)

n= number of survey

participating schools

Source: MEXT, 2011


Ict training1

ICT training

Did you participate in teachers’ training for improving instruction ability in ICT use last year?

(n=396,681)

(n=225,945)

n= total number of primary and junior high school teachers in Japan

Source: MEXT, 2011


Digital contents

Digital Contents

Is it necessary to fulfill digital contents based on textbooks?

(n=1,303)

(n=596)

n= number of survey participating schools

Source: MEXT, 2011


Digital contents1

Digital Contents

Is it important to increase free or less expensive educational software?

(n=1,303)

(n=596)

n= number of survey participating schools

Source: MEXT, 2011


Information security

Information Security

Do you use filtering service?

(n=21,102)

Source: MEXT, 2011

(n=9,778)

Do you have information security policy?

(n=21,102)

n= total number of primary and

junior high schools in Japan

(n=9,778)

Source: MEXT, 2011


Teachers ability in ict use

Teachers’ Ability in ICT use

Source: MEXT, 2011


Summary of survey results

Summary of Survey Results

  • Most primary and junior high schools are equipped with computers, digital camera and CD players. CD players and computers are often used in class.

  • Schools utilize rental service for computer installation.

  • While digital blackboard has increased, digital textbook is not well utilized at schools.

  • Majority of schools have established LAN access infrastructure and school homepages, but less than half of teachers have school e-mail address.

  • Though the importance of national ICT training is recognized, participation rate for training is low.

  • Needs of digital contents based on textbooks and free or less expensive educational software are identified.

  • Schools are keen to manage information security.

  • Junior high school teachers have less confidence in using ICT for teaching.


Case study analysis outline

Case Study Analysis: Outline

  • ICT in education workshops in 2010 was organized by JAVEA (Japan audio-visual education association), in cooperation with MEXT

  • 144 specific cases of ICT in classroom from 137 participating schools shared

  • Variety of usage of ICT equipment, settings, creative learning environment were identified.


Case study analysis findings from javea case study analysis

Case Study Analysis: Findings from JAVEA case study analysis

  • Good installation of digital tools benefits teachers to spend more time for material preparation.

  • Teachers elaborate and utilize their own teaching materials.

  • Digital blackboard is often used with digital contents based on textbooks.

  • Combined use of ICT and traditional blackboard is important.

  • In classroom, ICT is used for both teachers’ explanation and students’ presentation.

  • ICT can be effectively utilized for hands-on activities.

Source: JAVEA, 2011


Model case 1 math for 4 th grade students

Model Case1Math for 4th grade students

“How to calculate the sum of triangle angles”

  • Purpose: To understand how to calculate the sum of the combination of triangle angles

  • Equipment: PC, Digital blackboard, projector

  • ICT use for students’ presentation


Model case 1 math for 4 th grade students1

Model Case1Math for 4th grade students

Students shows how he

calculate angles by using

rulers.

Student explains his

thought how to

calculate angles.

Student uses a digital

pen to explain his

idea.

Source: JAVEA, 2011


Model case 2 integrated study for 3 rd grade students

Model Case 2Integrated study for 3rd grade students

“Our town-Sakai City”

  • Purpose: students of 2 schools in Sakai city investigate their city through exchanging opinions

  • Equipment: Digital TV, PC, Digital blackboard, TV conference system

  • ICT use for exchanging opinions among students of two schools


Model case 2 integrated study for 3 rd grade students1

Model Case 2Integrated study for 3rd grade students

Student makes a

Presentation about a public

library in her town.

Public building in the town

is presented.

Students exchange their

opinions and ask questions.

Source: JAVEA, 2011


Model case 3 science for 6 th grade students

Model Case 3Science for 6th grade students

“Experiment of Aqueous Solution”

  • Purpose: To learn how aluminum is dissolved into hydrochloric acid through actual experiment

  • Equipment: PC, Digital blackboard, Tablet PC

  • ICT use for scientific experiment (sharing questions and procedure of experiment; reviewing experiment) and student’s presentation


Model case 3 science for 6 th grade students experiment of aqueous solution

Model Case 3Science for 6th grade students“Experiment of Aqueous Solution”

Student explains about an

Image sent from a tablet PC.

Student records and reviews

their experiment.

Teacher summarizes the lesson

by showing images sent by

Students.

Source: JAVEA, 2011


Findings

Findings

  • Digital blackboard is recognized as an effective and useful educational tool; however, schools are not equipped with sufficient numbers.

  • Though ICT use has been encouraged, teachers do not have enough opportunities to take ICT training to raise confidence in using ICT.

  • ICT tools provide students to improve their presentation/communication skills.

  • More digital teaching contents need to be available at schools.


Issue and dicussion

Issue and dicussion

  • Basic ICT equipment is available at schools but, schools urgently need:

    • ICT training for teachers

    • Less expensive digital contents

  • Vital issues to encourage ICT use in education:

    • Lack of equipment/infrastructure

    • Training opportunities for teachers


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