Chapter 48. Drugs for Heart Failure. Two Major Forms of Heart Failure. Heart failure with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction Diastolic heart failure, also known as heart failure with preserved LV ejection fraction
Drugs for Heart Failure
Fig. 48–2. The vicious cycle of maladaptive compensatory responses to a failing heart.
Fig. 48–3. American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) Stage
and New York Heart Association (NYHA) Classification of Heart Failure.
Fig. 48–4. Ion fluxes across the cardiac cell membrane.