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Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales – 2 nd Ed. Bahar Mansur Seton Hall University. Vineland-II: At a Glance. Purpose : To measure personal and social skills needed for everyday living from birth to adulthood. Publisher : Pearson Age Range : Birth to 90 years

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Vineland adaptive behavior scales 2 nd ed

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales – 2nd Ed.

Bahar Mansur

Seton Hall University

Vineland ii at a glance
Vineland-II: At a Glance

  • Purpose: To measure personal and social skills needed for everyday living from birth to adulthood.

  • Publisher: Pearson

  • Age Range: Birth to 90 years

  • Time to Administer: 20 – 60 minutes

  • Qualification Level: Graduate/post-graduate qualification

  • Price: $388.55 for the Complete Starter Kit

Vineland ii forms
Vineland-II: Forms

  • 4 Forms:

    • Survey Interview Form

      • Semi-structured interview format

    • Parent/Caregiver Rating Form

    • Expanded Interview Form

    • Teacher Rating Form

Vineland ii validity reliability
Vineland-II: Validity & Reliability



  • Test Content:

    • Theoretically and empirically linked to target behaviors defining skills needed for adaptive behavior

  • Measurement Bias:

    • Mean scores very similar across age, gender, ethnic groups, etc

  • Concurrent Validity:

    • Highly correlated with VABS

    • Moderately to Highly correlated with the BASC-II

  • Internal Consistency Coefficients range from .80 to .90

  • Test-Retest Coefficients range between .86 to .92

Vineland ii norms standardization
Vineland-II: Norms & Standardization

  • A nationally representative sample of 3,687 individuals that were assessed across 44 states

  • 20 age groups: Evenly split between males and females

  • Ages ranged from birth to 90 years

  • Population based on the 2001 U.S census

    • Gender, SES, Community Size, Ethnicity, Geographic Region

  • Clinical Populations proportionally represented based on 2004 Congressional Report

    • ADHD, Speech and Language impaired, LD, etc.

Vineland ii format
Vineland-II: Format

  • Survey Interview Form:

    • Lists items by sub-domains

      • Total of 433 items

    • General Administration:

      • Start Point determined by chronological age

      • Do not read items verbatim to respondent, ask broad to specific interview questions

      • Maladaptive Section does not require general questions

        • Just describe the behavior and ask whether the individual always, sometimes, or never engages in the behavior

Vineland ii scoring
Vineland-II: Scoring

  • Item Scores:

    • 2 = Usually or habitually occurs without help

    • 1 = Performed sometimes without help or reminders

    • 0 = Never performed without help

  • Basal & Ceiling Rules:

    • Basal = 4 consecutive scores of 2

    • Basal Item = Highest item # in the set of 4 scores of 2

    • Ceiling = 4 consecutive scores of 0

    • Ceiling Item = Lowest item # in the set of 4 scores of 0

Vineland ii interpretation
Vineland-II: Interpretation

  • Scoring Interpretation:

    • Raw scores

    • V-scale scores for sub-domains

    • Standard scores for domains and ABC

    • Confidence Intervals

    • Percentile Ranks

    • Age Equivalents

    • Strengths & Weaknesses

  • Interpretive Steps:

    • Describe General Adaptive Functioning

    • Describe performance in all domains and sub-domains

    • Interpret the pattern of domain standard scores to identify strengths and weaknesses

    • Generate hypotheses about profile fluctuations

Vineland ii critical reviews
Vineland-II: Critical Reviews

  • Mental Measurement Yearbook

    • Vineland-II reflect the greater cultural expectations for adaptive behavior

    • The theoretical model is well described and well supported by previous and current research.

    • Users should be cognizant of the inherent limitations of any instrument that relies solely on indirect measures of behavior such as ratings or interviews of third-party respondents

Vineland ii adaptive level descriptions and profile comparisons
Vineland-II: Adaptive Level Descriptions and Profile Comparisons

  • Vineland-II: Profile Comparisons

    • High Functioning Autism and Asperger Syndrome

    • Autism and Mental Retardation

    • Normal Development and ADHD

    • Normal Development and Hearing Impaired

    • Nonspecific Mental Retardation and Down Syndrome

Case study anthony
Case Study: Anthony

  • Background Information:

    • Age: 3-5

    • Lives in a home in northern New Jersey

    • Lives with mother, father, older brother, and younger sister

    • Described as very lively and energetic

  • Respondent:

    • Mother

Kohlberg s stages of moral development
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development

  • Pre-conventional Morality

    • Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment

      • The earliest stage of moral development is especially common in young children.

      • At this stage, children see rules as fixed and absolute. Obeying the rules is important because it is a means to avoid punishment.

    • Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange

      • At this stage of moral development, children account for individual points of view and judge actions based on how they serve individual needs.

Interpretations recommendations
Interpretations & Recommendations


  • Communication Domain: Personal Strength

    • Receptive, Expressive, and Written subdomains

  • Socialization Domain

    • Play and Leisure Time subdomain: Personal Strength

    • Coping Skills subdomain: Personal Weakness

    • Interpersonal Relationships: Moderately Low adaptive level


  • Anthony may benefit from a daily schedule (using visual cues) to ease in transitions from different activities

    • More structure in home environment to ease into the transition into preschool

  • Since he has a very playful nature, and is able to communicate his needs well, Anthony may benefit from a reinforcement system that would promote his positive behaviors when interacting with peers his age

    • For example: Frequent verbal praise, token economy system, etc.


  • Sparrow, S.S., Cicchetti, D.V., Balla, D.A. 2005). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition: Survey Forms Manual. Pearson Assessments: Minneapolis, MN.

  • Stein, S. (N.D.A). Review of the vineland adaptive behavior scales, 2nd edition. Mental Measurements Yearbook.

  • Widaman, K.F. (N.D.A.). Review of the vineland adaptive behavior scales, 2nd edition. Mental Measurements Yearbook.