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The Literacy Barrier. Pat Hall, GILC / OU with help and ideas from Roger Tucker, outside echo Alan Blackwell, Cambridge University. motivation. ICTs “among the most important contributors to growth and sustainable development” (EU response to WSIS) so, everybody should have access, right?

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the literacy barrier

The Literacy Barrier

Pat Hall, GILC / OU

with help and ideas from

Roger Tucker, outside echo

Alan Blackwell, Cambridge University

motivation
motivation
  • ICTs “among the most important contributors to growth and sustainable development” (EU response to WSIS)
    • so, everybody should have access, right?
  • Literacy rates
    • global 78% males 67% females
    • poor countries 70% 53%
    • Nepal 56% 21%
  • Persistent

Have we really localised ICTs if we exclude illiterate people?

LRC-X GILC

open knowledge network http www openknowledge net
Open Knowledge Networkhttp://www.openknowledge.net/

now in Nepal - समुदाय जानकारी केन्द्र

LRC-X GILC

slide4
Honey Bee Newsletterhttp://www.maharashtra.gov.in/english/signs/info_honeybee/honey_bee_newsletters.html

LRC-X GILC

what is writing for
What is writing for?
  • to preserve speech
    • a recording technology
  • written form close to spoken form,
    • though can diverge
  • but also mediates asynchronous communication at a distance

BUT – don’t we have better technology today?

LRC-X GILC

normal prostheses
normal prostheses
  • Audio recorders
    • play / record / fast-back / fast-forward / counter
  • speech technologies in computers
    • TTS
      • can receive the knowledge in writing
    • How to contribute?
      • ASR
      • needs method of confirmation
    • depends on written form
  • Do we really need the written form?

LRC-X GILC

finding out what is needed oral cultures walter ong
finding out what is neededoral cultures – Walter Ong
  • knowledge passed on orally, formulaically
    • Homeric poems, Panini grammars
  • additive rather than subordinate
  • aggregative rather than analytic, cliched
  • redundant and copious
  • conservative, traditionalist
  • close to human lifeworld
  • “agonistic”, combative
  • empathetic, participatory, not objectively distanced
  • homeostatic, live in present, forget the irrelevant
  • situational rather than abstract

LRC-X GILC

finding out what is needed dyslexics as model
finding out what is neededdyslexics as ‘model’

Roger Tucker’s study

text-disabled – dyslexic students

  • think in other ways
  • need help in organising thoughts
  • structured presentation of materials
  • prefer speaking styles
    • storytelling, interview, commentary
    • NOT presentation, spontaneous dialogue, reading from text

LRC-X GILC

usage scenarios
usage scenarios

take photographs, explain in speech

  • hot-spots to click if you want explanation

tell story, illustrate with pictures

  • pop-up as the speech reaches it

pictures could be line drawings

how else might it be done?

LRC-X GILC

speech typography
speech typography

Alan Blackwell proposals

  • wants to create in speech
    • paragraphs
    • headings
      • at various levels
    • emphasis
    • lists
    • ...
  • everything we use for written text.

LRC-X GILC

why no pictures
why no pictures ?

? bandwidth problems ?

LRC-X GILC

evaluation
evaluation

knowledge sharing networks

  • Honey Bee network in Ahmedabad
  • Open Knowledge Network from Oneworld

Scenario

  • illiterate person has traditional knowledge
  • digital photos taken on the spot
  • explains knowledge

LRC-X GILC

summing up
summing up
  • developing speech plus pictures editor to match the best of text

speech is language neutral !

  • have design spec from Roger Tucker
  • developing and evaluating in Nepal
  • anticipate bandwidth problems
  • funded by Leverhulme

LRC-X GILC

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