Fasciola hepatica
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Fasciola Hepatica. Taxonomy:. Kingdom : Animalia Phylum: Platyhelminthes Class: Trematoda Subclass: Digenea Order: Echinostomida Suborder: Echinostomata Family: Fasciolidae Genus : Fasciola Species : F. hepatica. Definition:.

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Fasciola Hepatica

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Fasciola hepatica

Fasciola Hepatica


Taxonomy

Taxonomy:

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Platyhelminthes

  • Class: Trematoda

  • Subclass: Digenea

  • Order: Echinostomida

  • Suborder: Echinostomata

  • Family: Fasciolidae

  • Genus: Fasciola

  • Species: F. hepatica


Definition

Definition:

  • Flatworms parasitic in liver and bile ducts of all domestic mammals and humans

  • Flatworms also called Fluke

  • Leaf shaped like:

  • Length of 30 mm and width of 13mm.

  • Diseases caused by the fluke is called fascioliasis


Hosts

Hosts:

  • Definitive host: All domestic and wild ruminants 

  • Intermediate host: Snail


Location where found

Location where found:

  •  Europe

  • Northern Africa

  • Cuba

  • South America

  • and other countries

  • (Freshwater and grass)


Fasclouisis hepatic cycle

Fasclouisis Hepatic Cycle:


Internal organization

Internal Organization:


F hepatica under the microspore

F. hepatica under the microspore:


Healthy and infected liver

Healthy and infected liver:


Diagnosis

Diagnosis:

  • Stool sample

  • Duodenal Aspirate

  • Biliary Aspirate


Treatments

Treatments:

  • Chemotherapy

  • Carbon tetrachloride

  • Hexachlorethane

  • Other drugs


Preventions

Preventions:

Three ways to prevent the disease:

  • Snail control

  • Treatment of infected cattle

  • Immediate reaction of management through predicting out breaks of disease


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