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BALOCHISTAN. Provincial Autonomy. FEDERAL PROVINCIAL RELATIONS. BY. Senator Sana ullah Baloch. BALOCHISTAN POLITICALY DIVIDED IN TO THREE STATES (P.I.A) STATE AREA. PAKISTAN 347,000. Sq Km IRAN 280,000. Sq Km

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Balochistan

BALOCHISTAN

Provincial Autonomy

FEDERAL PROVINCIAL RELATIONS

BY

Senator Sana ullah Baloch


Balochistan politicaly divided in to three states p i a state area

BALOCHISTANPOLITICALY DIVIDED IN TO THREE STATES (P.I.A)STATE AREA

  • PAKISTAN 347,000. Sq Km

  • IRAN 280,000. Sq Km

  • AFGHANISTAN 64,000. Sq Km


Balochistan pakistan

BALOCHISTANPAKISTAN

TOTAL AREA 347,000. Sq Km


Balochistan iran

BALOCHISTANIRAN

TOTAL AREA 280,000. Sq Km


Balochistan afghanistan

BALOCHISTANAFGHANISTAN

TOTAL AREA 64,000. Sq Km


Geographical importance

Geographical Importance

  • Situated between 20 to 30 degree latitude .

  • Situated in centre of SA, SWA and CA

  • 700 miles long coast.

  • Sea trade since rise of imperialism.

  • British occupation.

  • Soviet expansion/forward policy.

  • Natural resources.

  • Strategic depth.

  • Oil & Gas pipe line.


Baloch pakistan relation 1947 48

BALOCH-PAKISTAN RELATION-1947-48

  • 3RD JUN 1947 Indian Independence Act

  • August 12, 1947, the establishment of Independent Balochistan (Kalat) was announced.

  • In accordance with an Agreement signed on 4th August, 1947 and announced on 11th August 1947. B/W BG KS & GoP (proposed).

  • Pakistan’s pressure on KoK for merger

  • Khan referred the matter to the Baloch Parliament (Upper & Lower House)

    Continue….


Balochistan

  • Both the Houses rejected the merger in their meetings held on December 14, 1947 and January 4, 1948 respectively.

  • Lower House again’ rejected the idea in its meeting held on February 25, 1948.

  • March 17, 1948, integral parts of Ka1atunlawfully annexed in to Pakistan (Kharan, Makran and Lasbella)

  • March 27, 1948, the annexation of Kalat State with Pakistan by the Khan of Kalat.

  • This was in clear violationof the constitution of Kalat and the decisions of Baloch Parliament.


Constitutional history provincial autonomy

Constitutional History & Provincial Autonomy

1956

FLL PLL CLL

309519

1962

One unit

1973

67 X47


Natural gas baloch deprivation

Natural Gas Baloch Deprivation

  • Gas Discovery from Sui in 1952.

  • Balochistan Produce 58% Gas (2000).

    Well Head Price

    Balochistan Sindh/Punjab

    23 Rs/1000 cft110/1000 cft

    150/1000 cft

    190/1000 cft

  • Royalty 12.5 % on well head price.

  • 38 % Energy share comes from Balochistan.


Balochistan

SUBSIDY

33% Power Generation

28% Fertilizers Industries

20% Miscellaneous Ind

16% Domestic Use

3% Commercial Use

2% Cement Industry


Natural gas baloch deprivation1

Natural Gas Baloch Deprivation

  • First time 1986 Quetta received Gas.

  • 80% of Balochistan is still deprived.

  • 1973 Constitution Article 158”

  • Liabilities on Federal Government 20 billion $.


Representation in armed forces

Representation in Armed Forces

  • Refused to accommodate 60% Bengali population in Armed Forces.

  • 1956 Constitution no provision was made regarding equal representation in AF.

  • On 8th October 1957, 45 Baloch electors demanded for equal representation in AF when they met Sikandar Mirza in Karachi.

  • In 1960 and 70 National Awami Party raise the question of provincial autonomy and representation in AF.


Balochistan

  • NAP succeed to include article 39 in 1973 constitution.

  • State of Pakistan shall enable all people of Pakistan to participate in Armed Forces.

  • No ISSB till 1999 for Balochistan.

  • Balochistan shares 90% coast line but no representation in Pakistan Navy.

  • Q&A Senate


Balochistan

  • In Ormarah Navel Base there are only 40 temporary local Baloch employees.

  • Frontier Corps.

  • Colonial recruitment policy.

  • Abolition of Makran Militia.

  • Coast Guard.

  • Marine time security agencies.


Employment inequalities economic deprivation

Employment Inequalities & Economic Deprivation

  • Pakistan government abolished all established institution of Balochistan.

  • Appointing non local officers.

    1993 Static's of Establishment Division

    No of employees :

    3,95,763(Federal Government employees, Autonomous of semi Autonomous organizations)


Balochistan

According to 1972 census:

  • Punjab shares 50% (1,70 000).

  • Presently Punjab holds 257,519 jobs.

  • Punjab holds 70,000 job forcefully/illegally.

  • Balochistan Shares 3.5%

    1993

    278,930 Total no: employees(F.A.S.A Organization)


Balochistan

  • 9,762Balochistan due shares

  • 5000Presently serving

  • 4,762Short fall

    1973 Constitution guarantee:

    Article Clause

    271

    371

    382


L f o and federalism

L.F.O and Federalism

  • Violation of article 239.

  • 29 Amendments.

  • Increase of seats NA ( Joint Session ).

  • N.S.CArticle 152

  • C.C.IArticle 153

  • N.F.CArticle 160

  • Presidential Election Article 41 (3)


Recommendations

Recommendations

  • A new social contract.

  • A true federal structure.

  • Division of authority between the federal and its units (Federation 3 subjects).

  • Federal legislative list should be revised.

  • Concurrent list should be abolished.

  • Senate should have equal power with the NA.


Balochistan

  • The institution dealing with common interests, such as the CCI, NFC, NEC the planning commission should be remodeled.

  • Re-demarcation of provincial Boundaries.

  • Stopping the involvement of military in Governing affairs.


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