Speaking for Excellence
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Speaking for Excellence. Charles G. Prober, M.D. Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology & Immunology Associate Chair, Department of Pediatrics Senior Associate Dean, Medical Education Stanford University School of Medicine. Speaking for Excellence. Why should you care? Know the format

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Speaking for Excellence

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Speaking for excellence

Speaking for Excellence

Charles G. Prober, M.D.Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology & ImmunologyAssociate Chair, Department of PediatricsSenior Associate Dean, Medical EducationStanford University School of Medicine


Speaking for excellence

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence why should you care

Speaking for ExcellenceWhy Should You care?


Speaking for excellence

AT LUNCH WITH KEVIN R. DALEY

It's Not What You Say, but How It Sounds

By CLAUDIA H. DEUTSCH

   OTHING looks calculated about the beige sport jacket and tie that Kevin R. Daley is wearing, or about the barely sipped glass of pinot grigio sitting before him, or about the well-lighted corner table at the Princeton Club at which he and a reporter have been genially sparring for more than four hours.

September 7, 2003

Kevin R. Daley, a co-founder of Communispond, has long studied the effects of a person's appearance, sound and behavior on his or her ability to get ahead


Speaking for excellence

Most Common Adult Fears (Trivopaedia) 

1. Public speaking2. Getting fat3. Going out alone at night3. Going to the dentist3. Own death6. Spiders and insects7. Swimming in the ocean8. Being in high, exposed places 9. Flying in planes10. Being in a crowd of people11. Being in the dark12. Friday the 13th


Speaking for excellence1

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Know the Format

Scientific abstract

Lecture

Seminar

Workshop

Panel discussion


Speaking for excellence2

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Know Your Audience

Educational background

Range of expertise

Expectations


Speaking for excellence3

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Know Your Time Allocation

Do not EVER go over time

Never rush to finish

Know if time includes Q&A period


Speaking for excellence

Time Management

“One hour lecture”

Effective time ~ 45 minutes


Speaking for excellence4

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Organizing Your Material

Brief outline (bullets & key points)

Avoid reading

Use visual aids to keep on track


Speaking for excellence5

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Optimizing Presentation Aids

Blackboard

Overheads

Slides

Videos

Xrays

Use to highlight your points


Optimal slide utilization

Optimal Slide Utilization

  • Slides are useful to:

  • 1. Emphasize key points

  • 2. Dwell on a specific idea

  • 3. Control flow of information

  • 4. Provide the logic of your points

  • Audience attention is focused on the slides, not you. This can lessen your impact


Optimal slide utilization1

Optimal Slide Utilization

  • Use CD or external drive

  • Be prepared for glitches in PowerPoint

  • Use only slides that you prepare

  • Slides should support and enhance your presentation, but it is you who must convince the audience


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide Utilization

Maximize font size

Avoid multiple fontsandstyles

AVOID ALL CAPITALS

Do not mix andmatchcolors

No more than 10 lines per slide

This is meant to be an example of a bad slide!


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide Utilization

Maximize font size

Do not mix colors

Maximum of 10 lines per slide

Keep them simple


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide Utilization

Do not present an excess of raw data

Use figures over tables

Use photographs whenever possible


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide UtilizationMinimize Data

  • Age (yr)# enrolleesAcyclovir dose

    • mg doses / day # days

1 2 - 12815 20/kg 4 5

2 13 - 18 62 800 4 5

3 ≥ 17 76 800 5 7

Children AdolescentsAdults

New lesion formation- 1.0 day - 0.5 day - 0.6 days

Total number of lesions - 53 - 24 - 232

% with > 500 lesions - 17% - 13% _

# residual lesions, 28 days - 20 - 70 _

Difference, time to afebrile > 1.0 day > 1.0 day 0.5 days

This is way too much data for one slide!


Speaking for excellence

Efficacy of Oral Acyclovir in Normal Subjects with Chickenpox

3 randomized, placebo-controlled trials

Enrollment within 24 hours of rash onset

Minimal differences in lesion formation & fever


Alleviation of clinically significant symptoms in children oseltamivir vs placebo

Alleviation of Clinically Significant Symptoms in Children: Oseltamivir vs. Placebo

Adapted from Whitley RJ, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001;20:127-133.


Speaking for excellence

Whenever possible, use a figure rather than a table or text

Time to Alleviation of Clinically Significant Symptoms in Children; Zanamivir vs. Placebo


Speaking for excellence

Antiviral Therapy: Historical Perspective

Valganciclovir

Vidarabine

Acyclovir

Ganciclovir

Cidofovir

Idoxuridine

Trifluridine

Foscarnet

Valaciclovir

Zanamivir

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1995

2001

1990

1999

Amantadine

Ribavirin

Interferon

Famciclovir

Oseltamivir

Rimantadine

Penciclovir


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide Utilization

Herpes virus infections may disseminate

Favored organs include:

Liver - hepatitis, yellow atrophy

Lungs - pneumonitis,respiratory failure

Brain - encephalitis, atrophy

“A picture is worth a thousand words”


Speaking for excellence

HSV preferentially

spreads to the liver, lung,

& brain.


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide Utilization

One slide per minute

Align your comments with your slides


Speaking for excellence

Optimal Slide Utilization

Do not apologize for bad slides

Do not use bad slides!!


Speaking for excellence6

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Be Prepared

Rehearse

Tape or record your talk


Speaking for excellence

Be Prepared

Avoid ums and ahs

Avoid jargon & abbreviations

Eh!


Speaking for excellence

Be Prepared

Vary your pace

Use inflections & pauses

Repeat for effect


Speaking for excellence

Be Prepared

Be familiar with the equipment

Podium

Microphone

Slide Controls

Light Controls

Pointer


Speaking for excellence

Be Prepared

…….. for the Unexpected

Equipment failures


Speaking for excellence

Be Prepared

…….. for the Unexpected

Interruptions

Learn how to handle questions


Speaking for excellence7

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Speaking for excellence

Be An Effective Lecturer: Tips

Want to give the lecture

Capture & retain your audience

Do not provide too much information


Speaking for excellence

Be An Effective Lecturer: Tips

Show your enthusiasm!!!!


Speaking for excellence

Be An Effective Lecturer: Tips

Be relevant

Respect your audience

Be engaging

Make eye contact

Use humor wisely


Humor can be effective

Humor Can Be Effective

Research Rounds


Acute respiratory infections the leading infectious cause of death

Acute respiratory infections – the leading infectious cause of death

3.5

Over age five

3.0

Under age five

2.5

* HIV-positive people who have died with TB have been included among AIDS deaths

2.0

Millions of deaths

1.5

1.0

0.5

0

Acute

respiratory

infections

AIDS*

Diarrhoeal

diseases

TB

Malaria

Measles

World Health Organization 1999


Speaking for excellence

Jay, you’re not that fat


Speaking for excellence

Be An Effective Lecturer: Tips

Always ask - Is this relevant?

Minimize number of teaching points

Start and finish strong and on time!


Speaking for excellence

Be An Effective Lecturer: Tips Avoid Too Much Information

If you want to bore someone,

tell them everything you know.

Voltaire (1694-1778)


Speaking for excellence

Be An Effective Lecturer: Tips

Start with where you are going

Go there

Summarize where you have been


Speaking for excellence8

Speaking for Excellence

Why should you care?

Know the format

Know your audience

Know your time allocation

Organize your material

Optimize your presentation aids

Be prepared

Be an effective lecturer: Tips


Effective lecturing

Effective Lecturing

Thank your audience


Speaking for excellence

Thank you for your attention!


Toastmasters international 10 tips for successful public speaking

Toastmasters International:10 Tips for Successful Public Speaking

  • Know the room

  • Know the audience

  • Know your material

  • Relax

  • Visualize yourself giving your speech

  • Realize that people want you to succeed

  • Don't apologize

  • Concentrate on the message, not the medium

  • Turn nervousness into positive energy

  • Gain experience


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