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Dr. Umer Farooq. Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of Leads, UK M.Sc. University of Leads, UK Chartered Textile Technologist. 8 years Research and Teaching Experience Specialization: Yarn Spinning Topic Innovation in Textiles: Trends and Challenges. INNOVATION IN TEXTILES:

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Dr. Umer Farooq

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Dr. Umer Farooq

  • Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of Leads, UK

  • M.Sc. University of Leads, UK

  • Chartered Textile Technologist.

  • 8 years Research and Teaching Experience

  • Specialization: Yarn Spinning

    Topic

    Innovation in Textiles: Trends and Challenges


INNOVATION IN TEXTILES:

Trends and Challenges

Dr. Tahir Shah

CMRI, University of Bolton, UK

Dr. Umer Farooq

University of Management and Technology, Lahore


CONTENTS

  • What is innovation?

  • Innovation - The Global Textile Industry

  • Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective

  • Industry – University Interaction

  • The Way Forward

  • Conclusions


INTRODUCTION

  • The global textile industry is increasingly facing

    competition from low-wage countries

  • Innovations in the production, composition and application

    of new textiles will be able to create stability in this sector

  • New technologies in textile production and processing are

    driving innovation in high-tech textile products

  • New processes will lead to new products and hence to an

    expansion of the traditional textile industries, both in terms

    of supply and production

  • Increasing globalization, new technologies and a growing

    demand for new products are changing the textiles market.


What is Innovation?

“Innovation is not the product of logical thought, although the result is tied to logical structure"

Albert Einstein


A definition of Innovation!

  • There are various definitions of innovation,

  • depending on the context.

  • Innovation is a process for transforming:

Research Based Ideas

Commercial Value


“TO GROW, COMPANIES NEED TO BREAK OUT OF A VICIOUS CYCLE OF COMPETETIVE BENCHMARKING AND IMMITATION”

W.Chan Kim & Rene Mauborgne, “Think for yourself – Stop Copying a Rival”, Financial Times, 08-11-03


Main Objectives of Innovation

INNOVATION


The Innovation Process

  • An innovation starts as a concept that is refined and developed before application.

ADAPTATION AND MARKETING

BASIC RESEARCH

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (Including market research)

APPLIED RESEARCH


Components of an Innovation System


Benefits of R&D

Development

Investment in Innovation

Research

Consumer Benefits and Satisfaction

New Products/ Processes

More Jobs More Goods Higher GNP

Company Profits

Increased Investment


Textile Industry: The need to Innovate

  • The Textile industry is subject to strong pressures in a fast- changing business environment due to two main factors:

    • Market volatility and

    • Strong competition world-wide

  • The industry need to enhance its capability to produce and

  • market high quality and added value products

  • This requires emphasis on new technology, design,

  • marketing and management

  • Textile manufacturers must consider when/how to innovate


  • Size of Major Global Industrial Sectors

    Annual Sales (US$ Bn)

    Military 800

    Machine construction 800

    Automotive 1100

    Chemicals 1320

    Textiles 1620

    Information technology 2850

    Tourism 2900


    LEADERS IN TEXTILE INNOVATION: Industries

    LEADERS IN INNOVATION: Industries


    LEADERS IN TEXTILE INNOVATION: COUNTRIES


    Some important market aspects

    • Market pull from fresh approach to future life

    • styles/fashion

    • Aging population – better quality of life

    • Changing market – Changes in needs

      • Highly functional sports and leisure wear

      • Personal protection, safety and comfort

      • Integration of textile technology, electronics and

      • communication technologies


    Increasing textile customer demands

    • Hydrophobic

    • Hydrophilic

    • Anti-bacterial

    • Barrier

    • Breathability

    • Antistatic

    • Stretch

    • Smart/Intelligent

    • It is the consumer demand that leads to new innovative technologies and value added textile materials.


    Factors impacting the future generation of textiles

    Raw Materials

    Processes

    Impacting

    Factors

    Functionalities

    Environment

    Flexibility: Small batches, Just in time

    Customized production

    New polymers,

    Renewable materials

    Dynamic properties, Anti-microbial

    Self-cleaning, Smart textiles, Comfort

    Water use, Energy use

    Chemicals, Working conditions,

    Disposal, Recyling


    Emerging finishing technologies for textiles

    • Plasma technology

    • Atmospheric and low-pressure Treatments

    • Microencapsulation technology

    • Functional fabric finishing

    • Nanotechnology

    • Nano coating, Electrospinning


    What is Nanotechnology?

    Nanotechnology deals with the science and technology at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers (nm).

    1 Billion Nanometres = 1 Metre

    100 nanometers presently is the practically attainable dimension for textile products and applications.


    Growth of Nanotechnology

    The nature of nanotechnology research and development suggests that nanomaterials production is going to impact every industry, including textiles.


    Nanotechnology currently being developed and used

    • Nanotechnology can be used in engineering desired textile attributes:

      • Fabric softness, durability, and breathability

  • Developing advanced performance characteristics, namely:

    • Water repellency, fire retardancy, antimicrobial resistance, etc.

  • In the forms of:

    • Polymeric nanofibres

    • Conjugate fibres containing nano-particles

    • Textile materials with nanofinishes

    • Textile coatings containing nano-particles

  • Nanotechnology presents a tremendous opportunity for the global textile industry to generate new products that could energize the economy, solve major societal problems, revitalize existing industry, and create entirely new businesses.


  • Impact of Nanotechnology on Textiles Industry

    • A recent report shows that:

    • The global market for nanotechnology in the Textiles industry was

    • around US$480 million in 2007.

    • A number of nano-based products have already been introduced to the

    • sector including stain, water and fire resistant fabrics.

    • Nano-based products and processes will be worth US$4.9 billion to the

    • Textiles industry by 2015.

    • Nearly 25% of all textiles products available in 2015 will incorporate some

    • form of nanotechnology -hygiene area, which covers numerous

    • markets from household care to leisure and consumer goods to healthcare.

    • Nanotechnology based applications such self-cleaning textiles as will start

    • to make a major impact from 2011.


    Nanotechnology: functional finishing

    • The functional finishing are processes which impart specific performance properties to fabrics

    • For example finishes that:

    • Improve comfort

    • Improve ease of maintenance

    • Improve durability

    • Provide environmental protection

    • Provide biological resistance

    • Self-cleaning fibres

      Smallthingscan create bigbusinesses !!!


    Active Areas of Textile R&D: Functional Textiles

    • Fragrance release textiles

    • Photocatalytic textile coatings

    • Shape Memory Polymers for Intelligent textiles

    • Self-Cleaning Fabrics

    • Carbon Nanotubes for Electronic Textiles

    • Multifunctional Coatings for Medical Textile Applications

    • Textile switches and sensors, and electronic noses

    • Bioactive wound dressings

    • Electrically conductive textiles

    • Stain and water repellent textiles

    • Healing textiles


    Applications of Nanotechnology Based Textiles

    Protective/functional

    Nanofibres and Fibres containing nanoparticles

    Hospital/healthcare

    Automotive parts

    Added Value Textiles

    Smart clothing

    Finishes and coatings of nano-based materials

    Aerospace/defence

    Sports/leisure

    Filter media


    Innovation:

    A Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective


    Pakistani Textile Industry: As It appears --

    • Pakistani textile industry is a major contributor to the economy of the country

    • The sector has not yet realised its full potential

    • The industry is still too traditionally minded

    • The industry needs to take full advantage of the developments in the global arena


    Export of Textile Products – from 1971 - 2006

    Source: Textile Commission Organisation -TCO / Central Statistics Office, Pakistan


    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: A snapshot

    Exports US $ 10.211 BN (62.1% OF TOTAL EXPORTS)

    Manufacturing46% OF TOTAL MANUFACTURING

    Employment38% OF TOTAL LABOUR FORCE

    GDP8.5% OF TOTAL GDP

    Contribution to R&DRS 263 MILLION (<0.05% of Textile exports!)


    Global R&D spending targets


    Innovation Index of selected countries in a study conducted in 2009 of 82 countries across the world. Patents data are averaged over 2004-07 and expressed as patents per million population for each country- Economist 2009


    Innovation Performance Index of selected countries over a period of 5 years (2009 to 2013)

    Economist 2009


    (US $ 10.211 B

    CMRI Bolton University:

    Examples of Current Innovative R&D

    • Wound dressings/bandages

    • Wearable devices (Breast Cancer Detection)

    • Active cooling fabrics

    • Conducting flexible materials

    • Auxetic Fibres

    • Ballistic protection composite

    • Hybrid geotextiles

    • Nanocomposites


    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: The Way Forward

    • Pakistani textile industry must adopt a fresh approach to technology adoption

    • The companies and government need to invest resources into R&D

    • Develop the ability to create specialized products

    • These could include textiles made using new technologies – woven,

    • knitting, nonwoven, etc.

    • New products – surgical gowns, geotextiles, fabrics used in agriculture,

    • high-fashion apparel, and fire-resistant work-wear.

    • The textile industry should be a knowledge-intensive industry - willing to look

    • for and apply knowledge


    Trying to match low-wage countries with low cost production

    - Surely a losing strategy.


    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: What is needed?

    • Improve infrastructure services as a foundation for

      technology development

    • Improve higher education in science and engineering

    • Link universities with private sector activities

    • Breakdown barriers between university departments

    • Promote innovative activities in science & technology

    • Improve policy to create/promote innovative environment

    • Focus on strategic and under-funded research areas


    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: Some Specific Actions

    • Establish Centres of Excellence

      > Education

      > R&D

      > Targeted workshops/training programmes

    • Focus on new and emerging technologies

      > Technical textiles

      > Nonwovens

      > Medical Textiles

      > Geotextiles

      > Nanotechnology

      > Effluent minimisation and treatment/disposal


    (US $ 10.211 B

    Innovation: Industry-University Interaction

    • Benefits of universities, industry and society working together:

      • Sponsored research projects: funding, equipment and resource donations

      • Shared knowledge

      • Source of employment

      • New idea generation

    • Universities and industrial organisations have much to gain

    • from each other

    • There is a strong need to improve interaction between these

    • two important sectors

    • This will enhance innovative activities in the textile sector

    • An effective mechanism is needed to nurture this interaction


    (US $ 10.211 B

    CONCLUSIONS

    • Innovation has become the major driving

    • force in economic growth and social

    • development in the West.

    • This is reflected by the fact that Western

    • countries are promoting innovation as one

    • of their core strategies.

    • Providing support for activities and

    • initiatives that promote an innovative and

    • knowledge driven economy.


    A Final Thought !!!!!

    • There are three kinds of organizations:

      • Those that resist change

      • Those that accept change

      • Those that seek change


    Surely Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition.

    [Al-Qur'an (13:11)]


    INNOVATIONIS NOT AN ABSOLUTE NECESSITY BUT THEN NEITHER IS SURVIVAL!

    Thank you


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