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Dr. Umer Farooq. Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of Leads, UK M.Sc. University of Leads, UK Chartered Textile Technologist. 8 years Research and Teaching Experience Specialization: Yarn Spinning Topic Innovation in Textiles: Trends and Challenges. INNOVATION IN TEXTILES:

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dr umer farooq
Dr. Umer Farooq
  • Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of Leads, UK
  • M.Sc. University of Leads, UK
  • Chartered Textile Technologist.
  • 8 years Research and Teaching Experience
  • Specialization: Yarn Spinning

Topic

Innovation in Textiles: Trends and Challenges

slide2

INNOVATION IN TEXTILES:

Trends and Challenges

Dr. Tahir Shah

CMRI, University of Bolton, UK

Dr. Umer Farooq

University of Management and Technology, Lahore

slide3

CONTENTS

  • What is innovation?
  • Innovation - The Global Textile Industry
  • Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective
  • Industry – University Interaction
  • The Way Forward
  • Conclusions
slide4

INTRODUCTION

  • The global textile industry is increasingly facing

competition from low-wage countries

  • Innovations in the production, composition and application

of new textiles will be able to create stability in this sector

  • New technologies in textile production and processing are

driving innovation in high-tech textile products

  • New processes will lead to new products and hence to an

expansion of the traditional textile industries, both in terms

of supply and production

  • Increasing globalization, new technologies and a growing

demand for new products are changing the textiles market.

slide5

What is Innovation?

“Innovation is not the product of logical thought, although the result is tied to logical structure"

Albert Einstein

slide6

A definition of Innovation!

  • There are various definitions of innovation,
  • depending on the context.
  • Innovation is a process for transforming:

Research Based Ideas

Commercial Value

slide7
“TO GROW, COMPANIES NEED TO BREAK OUT OF A VICIOUS CYCLE OF COMPETETIVE BENCHMARKING AND IMMITATION”

W.Chan Kim & Rene Mauborgne, “Think for yourself – Stop Copying a Rival”, Financial Times, 08-11-03

slide9

The Innovation Process

  • An innovation starts as a concept that is refined and developed before application.

ADAPTATION AND MARKETING

BASIC RESEARCH

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (Including market research)

APPLIED RESEARCH

slide11

Benefits of R&D

Development

Investment in Innovation

Research

Consumer Benefits and Satisfaction

New Products/ Processes

More Jobs More Goods Higher GNP

Company Profits

Increased Investment

slide12

Textile Industry: The need to Innovate

  • The Textile industry is subject to strong pressures in a fast- changing business environment due to two main factors:
      • Market volatility and
      • Strong competition world-wide
  • The industry need to enhance its capability to produce and
  • market high quality and added value products
  • This requires emphasis on new technology, design,
  • marketing and management
  • Textile manufacturers must consider when/how to innovate
slide13

Size of Major Global Industrial Sectors

Annual Sales (US$ Bn)

Military 800

Machine construction 800

Automotive 1100

Chemicals 1320

Textiles 1620

Information technology 2850

Tourism 2900

slide14

LEADERS IN TEXTILE INNOVATION: Industries

LEADERS IN INNOVATION: Industries

slide16

Some important market aspects

  • Market pull from fresh approach to future life
  • styles/fashion
  • Aging population – better quality of life
  • Changing market – Changes in needs
    • Highly functional sports and leisure wear
    • Personal protection, safety and comfort
    • Integration of textile technology, electronics and
    • communication technologies
slide17

Increasing textile customer demands

  • Hydrophobic
  • Hydrophilic
  • Anti-bacterial
  • Barrier
  • Breathability
  • Antistatic
  • Stretch
  • Smart/Intelligent
  • It is the consumer demand that leads to new innovative technologies and value added textile materials.
slide18

Factors impacting the future generation of textiles

Raw Materials

Processes

Impacting

Factors

Functionalities

Environment

Flexibility: Small batches, Just in time

Customized production

New polymers,

Renewable materials

Dynamic properties, Anti-microbial

Self-cleaning, Smart textiles, Comfort

Water use, Energy use

Chemicals, Working conditions,

Disposal, Recyling

slide19

Emerging finishing technologies for textiles

  • Plasma technology
  • Atmospheric and low-pressure Treatments
  • Microencapsulation technology
  • Functional fabric finishing
  • Nanotechnology
  • Nano coating, Electrospinning
slide20

What is Nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology deals with the science and technology at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers (nm).

1 Billion Nanometres = 1 Metre

100 nanometers presently is the practically attainable dimension for textile products and applications.

slide21

Growth of Nanotechnology

The nature of nanotechnology research and development suggests that nanomaterials production is going to impact every industry, including textiles.

slide22

Nanotechnology currently being developed and used

  • Nanotechnology can be used in engineering desired textile attributes:
      • Fabric softness, durability, and breathability
  • Developing advanced performance characteristics, namely:
      • Water repellency, fire retardancy, antimicrobial resistance, etc.
  • In the forms of:
      • Polymeric nanofibres
      • Conjugate fibres containing nano-particles
      • Textile materials with nanofinishes
      • Textile coatings containing nano-particles
  • Nanotechnology presents a tremendous opportunity for the global textile industry to generate new products that could energize the economy, solve major societal problems, revitalize existing industry, and create entirely new businesses.
slide23

Impact of Nanotechnology on Textiles Industry

  • A recent report shows that:
  • The global market for nanotechnology in the Textiles industry was
  • around US$480 million in 2007.
  • A number of nano-based products have already been introduced to the
  • sector including stain, water and fire resistant fabrics.
  • Nano-based products and processes will be worth US$4.9 billion to the
  • Textiles industry by 2015.
  • Nearly 25% of all textiles products available in 2015 will incorporate some
  • form of nanotechnology -hygiene area, which covers numerous
  • markets from household care to leisure and consumer goods to healthcare.
  • Nanotechnology based applications such self-cleaning textiles as will start
  • to make a major impact from 2011.
slide24

Nanotechnology: functional finishing

  • The functional finishing are processes which impart specific performance properties to fabrics
  • For example finishes that:
  • Improve comfort
  • Improve ease of maintenance
  • Improve durability
  • Provide environmental protection
  • Provide biological resistance
  • Self-cleaning fibres

Smallthingscan create bigbusinesses !!!

slide25

Active Areas of Textile R&D: Functional Textiles

  • Fragrance release textiles
  • Photocatalytic textile coatings
  • Shape Memory Polymers for Intelligent textiles
  • Self-Cleaning Fabrics
  • Carbon Nanotubes for Electronic Textiles
  • Multifunctional Coatings for Medical Textile Applications
  • Textile switches and sensors, and electronic noses
  • Bioactive wound dressings
  • Electrically conductive textiles
  • Stain and water repellent textiles
  • Healing textiles
slide26

Applications of Nanotechnology Based Textiles

Protective/functional

Nanofibres and Fibres containing nanoparticles

Hospital/healthcare

Automotive parts

Added Value Textiles

Smart clothing

Finishes and coatings of nano-based materials

Aerospace/defence

Sports/leisure

Filter media

slide27

Innovation:

A Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective

slide28

Pakistani Textile Industry: As It appears --

  • Pakistani textile industry is a major contributor to the economy of the country
  • The sector has not yet realised its full potential
  • The industry is still too traditionally minded
  • The industry needs to take full advantage of the developments in the global arena
export of textile products from 1971 2006
Export of Textile Products – from 1971 - 2006

Source: Textile Commission Organisation -TCO / Central Statistics Office, Pakistan

slide31

(US $ 10.211 B

Pakistan Textile Industry: A snapshot

Exports US $ 10.211 BN (62.1% OF TOTAL EXPORTS)

Manufacturing 46% OF TOTAL MANUFACTURING

Employment 38% OF TOTAL LABOUR FORCE

GDP 8.5% OF TOTAL GDP

Contribution to R&D RS 263 MILLION (<0.05% of Textile exports!)

slide33

Innovation Index of selected countries in a study conducted in 2009 of 82 countries across the world. Patents data are averaged over 2004-07 and expressed as patents per million population for each country- Economist 2009

slide34

Innovation Performance Index of selected countries over a period of 5 years (2009 to 2013)

Economist 2009

slide35

(US $ 10.211 B

CMRI Bolton University:

Examples of Current Innovative R&D

  • Wound dressings/bandages
  • Wearable devices (Breast Cancer Detection)
  • Active cooling fabrics
  • Conducting flexible materials
  • Auxetic Fibres
  • Ballistic protection composite
  • Hybrid geotextiles
  • Nanocomposites
slide36

(US $ 10.211 B

Pakistan Textile Industry: The Way Forward

  • Pakistani textile industry must adopt a fresh approach to technology adoption
  • The companies and government need to invest resources into R&D
  • Develop the ability to create specialized products
  • These could include textiles made using new technologies – woven,
  • knitting, nonwoven, etc.
  • New products – surgical gowns, geotextiles, fabrics used in agriculture,
  • high-fashion apparel, and fire-resistant work-wear.
  • The textile industry should be a knowledge-intensive industry - willing to look
  • for and apply knowledge
slide38

(US $ 10.211 B

Pakistan Textile Industry: What is needed?

  • Improve infrastructure services as a foundation for

technology development

  • Improve higher education in science and engineering
  • Link universities with private sector activities
  • Breakdown barriers between university departments
  • Promote innovative activities in science & technology
  • Improve policy to create/promote innovative environment
  • Focus on strategic and under-funded research areas
slide39

(US $ 10.211 B

Pakistan Textile Industry: Some Specific Actions

  • Establish Centres of Excellence

> Education

> R&D

> Targeted workshops/training programmes

  • Focus on new and emerging technologies

> Technical textiles

> Nonwovens

> Medical Textiles

> Geotextiles

> Nanotechnology

> Effluent minimisation and treatment/disposal

slide40

(US $ 10.211 B

Innovation: Industry-University Interaction

  • Benefits of universities, industry and society working together:
    • Sponsored research projects: funding, equipment and resource donations
    • Shared knowledge
    • Source of employment
    • New idea generation
  • Universities and industrial organisations have much to gain
  • from each other
  • There is a strong need to improve interaction between these
  • two important sectors
  • This will enhance innovative activities in the textile sector
  • An effective mechanism is needed to nurture this interaction
slide41

(US $ 10.211 B

CONCLUSIONS

  • Innovation has become the major driving
  • force in economic growth and social
  • development in the West.
  • This is reflected by the fact that Western
  • countries are promoting innovation as one
  • of their core strategies.
  • Providing support for activities and
  • initiatives that promote an innovative and
  • knowledge driven economy.
slide42

A Final Thought !!!!!

  • There are three kinds of organizations:
    • Those that resist change
    • Those that accept change
    • Those that seek change
slide43

Surely Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition.

[Al-Qur\'an (13:11)]