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Dr. Umer Farooq. Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of Leads, UK M.Sc. University of Leads, UK Chartered Textile Technologist. 8 years Research and Teaching Experience Specialization: Yarn Spinning Topic Innovation in Textiles: Trends and Challenges. INNOVATION IN TEXTILES:

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Dr umer farooq

Dr. Umer Farooq

  • Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of Leads, UK

  • M.Sc. University of Leads, UK

  • Chartered Textile Technologist.

  • 8 years Research and Teaching Experience

  • Specialization: Yarn Spinning


    Innovation in Textiles: Trends and Challenges

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Trends and Challenges

Dr. Tahir Shah

CMRI, University of Bolton, UK

Dr. Umer Farooq

University of Management and Technology, Lahore

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  • What is innovation?

  • Innovation - The Global Textile Industry

  • Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective

  • Industry – University Interaction

  • The Way Forward

  • Conclusions

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  • The global textile industry is increasingly facing

    competition from low-wage countries

  • Innovations in the production, composition and application

    of new textiles will be able to create stability in this sector

  • New technologies in textile production and processing are

    driving innovation in high-tech textile products

  • New processes will lead to new products and hence to an

    expansion of the traditional textile industries, both in terms

    of supply and production

  • Increasing globalization, new technologies and a growing

    demand for new products are changing the textiles market.

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What is Innovation?

“Innovation is not the product of logical thought, although the result is tied to logical structure"

Albert Einstein

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A definition of Innovation!

  • There are various definitions of innovation,

  • depending on the context.

  • Innovation is a process for transforming:

Research Based Ideas

Commercial Value

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W.Chan Kim & Rene Mauborgne, “Think for yourself – Stop Copying a Rival”, Financial Times, 08-11-03

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Main Objectives of Innovation


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The Innovation Process

  • An innovation starts as a concept that is refined and developed before application.



PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT (Including market research)


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Components of an Innovation System

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Benefits of R&D


Investment in Innovation


Consumer Benefits and Satisfaction

New Products/ Processes

More Jobs More Goods Higher GNP

Company Profits

Increased Investment

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Textile Industry: The need to Innovate

  • The Textile industry is subject to strong pressures in a fast- changing business environment due to two main factors:

    • Market volatility and

    • Strong competition world-wide

  • The industry need to enhance its capability to produce and

  • market high quality and added value products

  • This requires emphasis on new technology, design,

  • marketing and management

  • Textile manufacturers must consider when/how to innovate

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    Size of Major Global Industrial Sectors

    Annual Sales (US$ Bn)

    Military 800

    Machine construction 800

    Automotive 1100

    Chemicals 1320

    Textiles 1620

    Information technology 2850

    Tourism 2900

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    Some important market aspects

    • Market pull from fresh approach to future life

    • styles/fashion

    • Aging population – better quality of life

    • Changing market – Changes in needs

      • Highly functional sports and leisure wear

      • Personal protection, safety and comfort

      • Integration of textile technology, electronics and

      • communication technologies

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    Increasing textile customer demands

    • Hydrophobic

    • Hydrophilic

    • Anti-bacterial

    • Barrier

    • Breathability

    • Antistatic

    • Stretch

    • Smart/Intelligent

    • It is the consumer demand that leads to new innovative technologies and value added textile materials.

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    Factors impacting the future generation of textiles

    Raw Materials






    Flexibility: Small batches, Just in time

    Customized production

    New polymers,

    Renewable materials

    Dynamic properties, Anti-microbial

    Self-cleaning, Smart textiles, Comfort

    Water use, Energy use

    Chemicals, Working conditions,

    Disposal, Recyling

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    Emerging finishing technologies for textiles

    • Plasma technology

    • Atmospheric and low-pressure Treatments

    • Microencapsulation technology

    • Functional fabric finishing

    • Nanotechnology

    • Nano coating, Electrospinning

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    What is Nanotechnology?

    Nanotechnology deals with the science and technology at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers (nm).

    1 Billion Nanometres = 1 Metre

    100 nanometers presently is the practically attainable dimension for textile products and applications.

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    Growth of Nanotechnology

    The nature of nanotechnology research and development suggests that nanomaterials production is going to impact every industry, including textiles.

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    Nanotechnology currently being developed and used

    • Nanotechnology can be used in engineering desired textile attributes:

      • Fabric softness, durability, and breathability

  • Developing advanced performance characteristics, namely:

    • Water repellency, fire retardancy, antimicrobial resistance, etc.

  • In the forms of:

    • Polymeric nanofibres

    • Conjugate fibres containing nano-particles

    • Textile materials with nanofinishes

    • Textile coatings containing nano-particles

  • Nanotechnology presents a tremendous opportunity for the global textile industry to generate new products that could energize the economy, solve major societal problems, revitalize existing industry, and create entirely new businesses.

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    Impact of Nanotechnology on Textiles Industry

    • A recent report shows that:

    • The global market for nanotechnology in the Textiles industry was

    • around US$480 million in 2007.

    • A number of nano-based products have already been introduced to the

    • sector including stain, water and fire resistant fabrics.

    • Nano-based products and processes will be worth US$4.9 billion to the

    • Textiles industry by 2015.

    • Nearly 25% of all textiles products available in 2015 will incorporate some

    • form of nanotechnology -hygiene area, which covers numerous

    • markets from household care to leisure and consumer goods to healthcare.

    • Nanotechnology based applications such self-cleaning textiles as will start

    • to make a major impact from 2011.

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    Nanotechnology: functional finishing

    • The functional finishing are processes which impart specific performance properties to fabrics

    • For example finishes that:

    • Improve comfort

    • Improve ease of maintenance

    • Improve durability

    • Provide environmental protection

    • Provide biological resistance

    • Self-cleaning fibres

      Smallthingscan create bigbusinesses !!!

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    Active Areas of Textile R&D: Functional Textiles

    • Fragrance release textiles

    • Photocatalytic textile coatings

    • Shape Memory Polymers for Intelligent textiles

    • Self-Cleaning Fabrics

    • Carbon Nanotubes for Electronic Textiles

    • Multifunctional Coatings for Medical Textile Applications

    • Textile switches and sensors, and electronic noses

    • Bioactive wound dressings

    • Electrically conductive textiles

    • Stain and water repellent textiles

    • Healing textiles

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    Applications of Nanotechnology Based Textiles


    Nanofibres and Fibres containing nanoparticles


    Automotive parts

    Added Value Textiles

    Smart clothing

    Finishes and coatings of nano-based materials



    Filter media

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    A Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective

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    Pakistani Textile Industry: As It appears --

    • Pakistani textile industry is a major contributor to the economy of the country

    • The sector has not yet realised its full potential

    • The industry is still too traditionally minded

    • The industry needs to take full advantage of the developments in the global arena

    Export of textile products from 1971 2006

    Export of Textile Products – from 1971 - 2006

    Source: Textile Commission Organisation -TCO / Central Statistics Office, Pakistan

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    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: A snapshot

    Exports US $ 10.211 BN (62.1% OF TOTAL EXPORTS)

    Manufacturing46% OF TOTAL MANUFACTURING

    Employment38% OF TOTAL LABOUR FORCE


    Contribution to R&DRS 263 MILLION (<0.05% of Textile exports!)

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    Global R&D spending targets

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    Innovation Index of selected countries in a study conducted in 2009 of 82 countries across the world. Patents data are averaged over 2004-07 and expressed as patents per million population for each country- Economist 2009

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    Innovation Performance Index of selected countries over a period of 5 years (2009 to 2013)

    Economist 2009

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    (US $ 10.211 B

    CMRI Bolton University:

    Examples of Current Innovative R&D

    • Wound dressings/bandages

    • Wearable devices (Breast Cancer Detection)

    • Active cooling fabrics

    • Conducting flexible materials

    • Auxetic Fibres

    • Ballistic protection composite

    • Hybrid geotextiles

    • Nanocomposites

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    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: The Way Forward

    • Pakistani textile industry must adopt a fresh approach to technology adoption

    • The companies and government need to invest resources into R&D

    • Develop the ability to create specialized products

    • These could include textiles made using new technologies – woven,

    • knitting, nonwoven, etc.

    • New products – surgical gowns, geotextiles, fabrics used in agriculture,

    • high-fashion apparel, and fire-resistant work-wear.

    • The textile industry should be a knowledge-intensive industry - willing to look

    • for and apply knowledge

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    Trying to match low-wage countries with low cost production

    - Surely a losing strategy.

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    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: What is needed?

    • Improve infrastructure services as a foundation for

      technology development

    • Improve higher education in science and engineering

    • Link universities with private sector activities

    • Breakdown barriers between university departments

    • Promote innovative activities in science & technology

    • Improve policy to create/promote innovative environment

    • Focus on strategic and under-funded research areas

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    (US $ 10.211 B

    Pakistan Textile Industry: Some Specific Actions

    • Establish Centres of Excellence

      > Education

      > R&D

      > Targeted workshops/training programmes

    • Focus on new and emerging technologies

      > Technical textiles

      > Nonwovens

      > Medical Textiles

      > Geotextiles

      > Nanotechnology

      > Effluent minimisation and treatment/disposal

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    (US $ 10.211 B

    Innovation: Industry-University Interaction

    • Benefits of universities, industry and society working together:

      • Sponsored research projects: funding, equipment and resource donations

      • Shared knowledge

      • Source of employment

      • New idea generation

    • Universities and industrial organisations have much to gain

    • from each other

    • There is a strong need to improve interaction between these

    • two important sectors

    • This will enhance innovative activities in the textile sector

    • An effective mechanism is needed to nurture this interaction

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    (US $ 10.211 B


    • Innovation has become the major driving

    • force in economic growth and social

    • development in the West.

    • This is reflected by the fact that Western

    • countries are promoting innovation as one

    • of their core strategies.

    • Providing support for activities and

    • initiatives that promote an innovative and

    • knowledge driven economy.

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    A Final Thought !!!!!

    • There are three kinds of organizations:

      • Those that resist change

      • Those that accept change

      • Those that seek change

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    Surely Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change their own condition.

    [Al-Qur'an (13:11)]

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    Thank you

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