Geography of India. India is considered a subcontinent partially because it lies on its own tectonic plate. Over the past 225 million years, the Indian plate has relentlessly pushed northwards, colliding with the Eurasian plate some 10 million years ago. .
India is considered a subcontinent partially because it lies on its own tectonic plate. Over the past 225 million years, the Indian plate has relentlessly pushed northwards, colliding with the Eurasian plate some 10 million years ago.
Mountains cause rising air to cool and condense leading to large amounts of precipitation at high elevations.
The slope of the mountains cause the precipitation to flow downhill and form rivers like…
Please draw the following timeline in your notebook.
Dravidian speaking people begin to develop a civilization along the banks of the Indus River.
The cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa emerge in the Indus River Valley.
The Great Bath of Mohenjo-Daro.
Indus River Valley Civilization begins to decline.
The reason for the decline is unknown but popular theories include:
A natural disaster such as major flooding caused by a volcanic eruption or a large scale earthquake.
Destruction of natural environment due to overuse of resources.
The Aryans migrate over the Hindu Kush Mountains and overrun the Indus Valley Civilization.
This map shows the direction in which the Aryans entered the Indian Subcontinent.
The Vedic Age begins. The Vedas begin to be composed creating the basis for Hinduism.
The Iron Age begins in India. People begin to use Iron tools and weapons.
The Caste system emerges in Indian Civilization
Historical and genetic evidence suggest that the conquering Aryans made (make) up the top three levels of the Caste System while the bottom two levels were (are) composed of the Dravidians and other native Indians.
Historically, people not included in the caste system were known as “untouchables”. These people were not allowed in public places such as temples. They were not allowed to use public wells or taps. They had little education and no money. They did the jobs that the members of the Caste System deemed “unclean”.
When India gained independence in 1947 and wrote its constitution in 1950, discrimination based on the Caste System was made illegal. However, thousands of years of discrimination are hard to reverse. Untouchables are now known as Dalits which means “oppressed”. There is still widespread discrimination again them throughout the subcontinent.
Siddhartha Gautama (563-483B.C.) becomes Buddha.
The Maurya Empire is founded by Chandragupta Maurya. This was the first time all of India had been unified by one ruler.
Statue of Chandragupta Mauryain Delhi
The Maurya Empire reaches its greatest size thanks to the conquests of Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta. Ashoka is considered the greatest Ancient Indian Emperor.