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# Problem Page (Conditional and Negation) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Problem Page (Conditional and Negation). mervat mousli. Today’s Plan. In the first part we’ll talk about two types of conditionals and make sure we understand how to use them and when. In the second part we’ll see ways of making negative sentences using not necessarily “not”. Conditional 1.

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### Problem Page (Conditional and Negation)

mervat mousli

In the first part we’ll talk about two types of conditionals and make sure we understand how to use them and when.

In the second part we’ll see ways of making negative sentences using not necessarily “not”.

Present Simple

Will + 0 Form

We may use “if” to show a possibility. Then we are talking about a “future” situation.

A: Are you coming to the party tonight?

B: If I have time, I will come.

Whenever you want to talk about future plans that depend on a situation, use type 1 of conditionals. But remember they are most probable to happen.

My exams end on January 20 tops.

Some friends of mine will go on a picnic on January 22.

If I finish on January 20th, I will join you guys.

In exams, whenever you find present simple with “if”, complete the sentence with “will + 0 form” and vice versa.

If I get the money on time, ___________.

I will pick Religious Studies if ________.

Remember:

Never use “will” in the “if” clause:

If I am to choose an extracurricular course, …

If I will choose an extracurricular course, … X

Use a comma between the two parts of the sentence when you start with the “if” clause:

If I have time, I will come.

I will come if I have time.

Past Simple

Would + 0 Form

We may use “if” to show a probability. Then we are talking about a “future” situation which may not happen.

A: Are you coming to the party tonight?

B: If I had time, I would come.

Whenever you want to talk about future plans that depend on a situation, use type 2 of conditionals. But remember they are less probable to happen.

My exams end on January 20 tops.

Some friends of mine will go on a picnic on January 19.

If I finished before January 19th, I would join you on the picnic.

In exams, whenever you find past simple with “if”, complete the sentence with “would + 0 form” and vice versa.

If I got a new car, ___________.

I would bring her a gift if __________.

Remember:

Never use “would” in the “if” clause:

If I had a car, …

If I would have a car, … X

Use a comma between the two parts of the sentence when you start with the “if” clause:

If I had time, I would come

I would come if I had time.

Past Simple

Would + 0 Form

We may use “if” to show an unreal situation. Then we are talking about a “present” situation which is not true.

A: Let me see the pictures, come on!

B: If I had the laptop, I would showyou some.

Remember:

Always use “were” with all pronouns and subjects:

If I were you, …

If I was you, … X

More examples:

If I were you, I would tell my father about the accident.

If the windows were not broken, we would go out.

If my mother were here, she would make us a delicious soup.

http://svu.netlanguages.com/netlang/courses/level4/problem/04_3.htm?

There are many ways to make a sentence negative. The most popular way is to use “not”:

I do not want to go.

I am not speaking to you again.

I have not seen Joe since Monday.

• You may use “never” but for things that you do not do ever or have not done ever.

I never eat bananas.

• This is something you do not do ever! You hate bananas!

I have never eaten star fruit.

• This is something you have not done ever before! You would like maybe to taste this type of exotic fruit.

** use “never” before the verb in present simple and before the main verb in present perfect.

• You may use “nobody” and “nothing” to show absence of people/things.

Nobody is at home.

• This sentence has a negative meaning but it is affirmative! No “not.

Nothing was said.

• Compare with: Students did not say anything. Students did not speak a word.

• You may use “no” instead of “not” to show negation without making the sentence negative in structure, only in meaning.

I found no students in class 1.

• Compare with: I did not find any students.

http://svu.netlanguages.com/netlang/courses/level4/problem/04_4b.htm

Exercise no.10 is a different story.

Check if you know how to do it right from the first time.

For any questions, send me emails or ask me next time.