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E-Research in Germany. Joint Seminar. November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library. E-Science / E-Research is …. big computational research. team research.

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e research in germany

E-Research in Germany

Joint Seminar

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide2

E-Science / E-Research is …

big computational research

team research

… the large scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet

UK National e-Science Centre

requiring a different set of working tools and methods

networked research

dynamic

interdisciplinary

heterogeneous

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

in former times
… in former times:

E-Science / E-Research is …

web access to “static” information

… now

grid-infrastructures offer:

direct access to resources themselves, i.e.

CPU power

Storage

Scientific instruments

Applications

Data

Sensors

Middleware Services

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide4

Grid-Infrastructures have many advantages

Better use of resources

Practically infinite storage and CPU capacity

Flexibility, scalability

Automatic adaptation of complex computation processes

Dynamic and concerted operation of networked resources

Higher quality results through grid supported development

User oriented cost reduction

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

what s up in germany

E-Science / E-Research …

… what’s up in Germany?

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide6

E-Science in Germany up to 2004

Solitary activities

UNICORE projects (Uniform Interface to Computing Resources;expired)

DFN development programme (expired)

Sporadic consortia and projects of individual persons or institutes

LHC-Grid at Tier1-Centre Karlsruhe

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide7

E-Science in Germany up to 2004

Grid requirements do not stop at national boundaries

German scientists are part of international communities

German scientists depend on access to international resources(computers, data, experiments)

No national initiative comparable to UK, USA, NL

No national effort for a grid infrastructure

There is no grid without standards

There is no use for each scientific community reinventing all grid aspects

Germany can’t afford to throw away opportunities offered by grid computing

 several workshop initiated by the Research Centre Karlsruhe and the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centresinitiating D-Grid

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide8

 several workshop initiated by the Research Centre Karlsruhe and the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centresinitiating D-Grid

E-Science in Germany from 2004 on: D-Grid

D-Grid Strategy Paper and Policy Statement

  • discussing status and consequences of the grid technology on scientific research and recommending a long-term strategic grid research and development initiative
  • resulting in an announcement of the German e-Science Initiative by the German Ministry for Research and Education (BMBF) in March 2004, together with a call for proposals in the areas of Grid Computing, e-Learning, and Knowledge Management
  • Demanding (material) committment of scientific communities
  •  June 15th, 2004: Initiation of a BMBF D-Grid support programme allocating 300 million Euro within 5 years

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide9

D-Grid: Objectives

  • Net-based coordinated operation and assignment of computer and storage resources
  • Constitution of a German wide IT infrastructure for complex applications of research and industry
  • Covering a multitude of applications
  • Development of community-specific grid services and working methods
  • Integration of a broad spectrum of resources and IT services
    • Hardware: computer and storage systems as well as networking facilities
    • Software: proprietary, freely available or commercial
    • Data: internal und external databases
    • Personnel: counselling, training and support
slide10

Physics

Medicine

D-Grid: Layered Framework

User

Community

Finances

Operation /

Middleware

Support, Security …

Services /

Resources

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide11

D-Grid: Organization

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide12

D-Grid 1 (2005 – 2008)

  • Homogenization and qualification of the existing Grid-infrastructure by prototypical applications
  • Generic middleware development (toolkit for e-science)
  • IT services for scientists, designed and developed by the ‘early adopters’ of the computer science and scientific computing communities
  • This global services infrastructure is being tested and used by so-called Community Grids in the areas of highenergy physics, astrophysics, alternative energy, medicine and life sciences, earth sciences (e.g. climate), engineering sciences, and scientific libraries
  • Target groups: Science and scientific computing communities

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide13

D-Grid 2 (2008 – 2010)

  • stronger focus on grids with industry participation, with more than 40 companies involved
  • national Grid-Infrastructure on production level
  • establishing of e-science applications and services in
  • Construction industry
  • Finance
  • Aerospace
  • Automotive
  • Enterprise information
  • Resource planning systems
  • Geographical data
  • General IT services

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide14

Project Categories in D-Grid

Academic Applications

Service Projects

Commercial Applications

Gap Projects

Integration Project

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

special projects
Special Projects

New

Projects

Management of Virtual Organisations

Monitoring of Resources and Services

Short-lived Certificates

Net Attacks Recognition

Interoperability of Scheduling Systems

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

service projects
Service Projects

New

Projects

Management Information Systems

Backup und Recovery

Sustainability of Grid Infrastructures

Support for Service Level Agreements

Grid-based Knowledge Structures

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications
Academic Applications

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide19

New Commercial Applications

Logistics

Analyses and Use of Multimedia Data

Molecular Simulation

Optimisation via Numerical Simulation

Analyses of Medical Signal and Image Data

Plasma Technology

Support of Dynamic Value Added Networks

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide20

D-Grid History

Integration Project

Special Projects

Service Projects

Academic

Applications

Commercial

Applications

D-Grid Ltd.

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Working Groups

Pre-Projects

Phase 1

Phase 2

Phase 3

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide21

Forthcoming Endeavour:

Sustainability

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide22

D-Grid 3 (2009 - ): Structural Concepts of the D-Grid Initiative

  • Integration Project und Gap Projects
    • Procedures of resource integration
    • Procedures for generic grid management of resources
    • Universally valid security models and operational concepts
    • Business model DGSE (D-Grid Support Establishment)
  • Service Layer Projects
    • Offer of community-overlapping services
    • Compatibility with standards of the German Computer Science Association
    • Use of proprietary business models
  • Community Projects
    • Offers for users within the community
    • Recipients of DGSE capacities and of service providers

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide23

D-Grid Ltd. (founded 2008) - Coordination, Use of Resources

  • Direct contracts between user and provider
    • In case of only few bilateral contacts
  • Contracts between community and provider
    • Delegation of trust to the users within a community
  • Framework agreements between communities and Gauss Alliance
    • Gauss Alliance = Community of German Computer Centres
  • Framework agreements between community representatives and providers
    • Example: Licences for D-Grid
  • Special regulations for investment and special grants

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide24

Refional group (bwGRiD)

Hamburg

Bremerhaven

Core group

Oldenburg

User group (C3-Grid)

Berlin

Berlin

Berlin

Hannover

Further resource provider

Paderborn

Paderborn

Göttingen

Göttingen

Dortmund

Leipzig

Leipzig

Wuppertal

Wuppertal

Jülich

Kassel

Kassel

Dresden

Köln

Siegen

Siegen

Bonn

Bonn

Aachen

Aachen

Marburg

Marburg

Darmstadt

Darmstadt

Würzburg

Würzburg

Offenbach

Mannheim

Heidelberg

Karlsruhe

Stuttgart

Ulm

Tübingen

München

Freiburg

Konstanz

D-Grid Resources

development of an organisational structure

Organisational

Matters

International

Cooperation

Publicity

Matters

Legal Matters

Development of an Organisational Structure

D-Grid Ltd.

Vertretung

Representatives?

Vertretung

Gauss Alliance

WissGrid

Industrial

Applications

Providers of

IT Services and Resources

Academic

Domains of Application

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide26

290 Sites

55 Countries

144.000 Cores

25 PetaBytes Disk

>17.000 Users

>200 VOs

>330.000 Jobs/Day

Archaeology

Astronomy

Astrophysics

Civil Protection

Comp. Chemistry

Earth Sciences

Finance

Fusion

Geophysics

High Energy Physics

Life Sciences

Multimedia

Material Sciences

25th NORDUnet Conference, Copenhagen

Dieter Kranzlmüller

26

Status July 2009: http://project.eu-egee.org/index.php?id=417

slide27

EGI, European Grid Initiative

42 European NGIs

+ Asia, US, Latin America

+ OGF-Europe

+ PRACE

+ …

how do libraries fit in
… how do libraries fit in?

E-Science / E-Research …

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide29

The Evolving World of e-Science: Impact and Implications for Science and Technology Libraries

Purdue University (West Lafayette, IN) and Chicago, IL, United StatesJune 20-24, 2010

http://blogs.lib.purdue.edu/iatul2010/

31st Annual IATUL Conference

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide30

Join IATUL!

Thank you!

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide31

References

http://www.d-grid.de/

H.-G. Hegering: D-Grid Initiative – Statusbericht

http://www.rv-nrw.de/content/koop/workshops/20040601.dgrid/Hegering_DGrid_Statusbericht_ZKI_Mar04.pdf

W. Gentzsch: 2007D-Grid and the Integration of New Communities

http://www.ogf.org/OGF20/materials/783/OGF20-D-grid.pdf

F. Schlie-Roosen et al.: German Steps to e-Science

http://www.pd.infn.it/einfrastructures/eirgSlides/German_View_escience.pdf

U. Lang: D-Grid – Hype and reality

http://www.dini.de/veranstaltungen/jahrestagungen/2009/

H. Neuroth, M. Kerzel, W. Gentzsch

http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/univerlag/2007/D-Grid_en.pdf

U. Schwiegelshohn

http://www.d-grid-ggmbh.de/downloads/BroschuereAHM2009.pdf

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

special projects1
Special Projects

New

Projects

IVOM: Integration of Shibboleth into the D-Grid infrastructure and the enhancement of the corresponding VO-Management

Management of Virtual Organisations

Monitoring of Resources and Services

Short-lived Certificates

Net Attacks Recognition

Interoperability of Scheduling Systems

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

special projects2
Special Projects

New

Projects

Management of Virtual Organisations

Monitoring of Resources and Services

Short-lived Certificates

Net Attacks Recognition

Interoperability of Scheduling Systems

D-MON: Realization of a Grid wide monitoring architecture across several underlying, heterogeneous systems taking in consideration multiple resource providers and virtual organisations

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

special projects3
Special Projects

Management of Virtual Organisations

Monitoring of Resources and Services

Short-lived Certificates

Net Attacks Recognition

Interoperability of Scheduling Systems

GIDS: Grid Intrusion Detection Systems

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

special projects4
Special Projects

Management of Virtual Organisations

Monitoring of Resources and Services

Short-lived Certificates

Net Attacks Recognition

Interoperability of Scheduling Systems

DGSI: conception and development of an interoperability layer for scheduling in service Grids, allowing the users of a community to distribute the workload among resources within the management domain of another community

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

service projects1
Service Projects

New

Projects

BisGRID: Enabling Grid technologies to be used for the integration of decentralised business information systems. This will be achieved by developing and providing organisational and technical extensions based on the current state of the art in Grid technologies, EAI, and SOA

Management Information Systems

Backup und Recovery

Sustainability of Grid Infrastructures

Support for Service Level Agreements

Grid-based Knowledge Structures

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

service projects2
Service Projects

New

Projects

Management Information Systems

Backup und Recovery

Sustainability of Grid Infrastructures

Support for Service Level Agreements

Grid-based Knowledge Structures

F&L Grid: Establishing a generic service-grid for research and education. The pilot sevice-offering will be Backup- and Archive services, later expanded to Information Lifecycle Management

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

service projects3
Service Projects

New

Projects

Management Information Systems

Backup und Recovery

Sustainability of Grid Infrastructures

Support for Service Level Agreements

Grid-based Knowledge Structures

SuGI: Dissemination of the knowledge of grid technology and enhancement of its use, especially the organization of training courses and the multimedia processing of further D-Grid courses for Web based publishing.

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications1
Academic Applications
  • AstroGrid-D
  • Joining together astronomical science institutions into a unified nationwide research infrastructure of collaborative distributed environments using innovative grid technology
  • Creation of a grid based infrastructure for astronomical and astrophysical research, based on integration of their computational facilities, improving the efficiency and usability of their hardware resources
  • Integration of distributed astronomical data archives and, in an extended time frame, of instruments and experiments into a common research infrastructure
  • Support of other research institutes to enable them to share their resources, data and application software within the AstroGrid infrastructure, especially to enable small university workgroups to join the collaboration
  • Strengthening the ties of the German astronomy community to the huge developments within the international activities of the astronomy community

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications2
Academic Applications

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

    • C3 Grid
      • Connection of distributed climate data archives
      • Uniform access and central metadata catalogue
  • Work packages
      • User Interface (API/GUI)
      • Grid - Information Service
      • Connection of local database-systems / Metadata Backend-Interface
      • Dataproviding and Preprocessing
      • Grid-Data Management
      • Coordidated Grid-Scheduling
      • Implementation and Integration of the C3-Grid
      • Sustainable Connection with Earth System Science
      • Project Management and Co-operation with the Integration Project

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications3
Academic Applications

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

  • HEP Grid work packages
    • Scalable storage
    • Job monitoring
    • Distributed data analysis and use of grid resources

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications4
Academic Applications

MediGRID will demonstrate the feasibility and usefulness of grid services in medicine and life sciences by applying these services in biomedical research with multidimensional data and by correlating genotypic and phenotypic data. At the same time generic recommendations for the technical and logical infrastructure are compiled and submitted to the D-GRiD integration project.

The MediGRID project has a modular setup: The four methodological modules (middleware, ontology, resource fusion and eScience) plan to incrementally develop and provide a Grid infrastructure while taking into account the need of the biomedical users. The user communities are represented in three research modules for biomedical informatics, image processing and clinical research. The gained experiences are spread to other communities and flow into the further advancement of the project to create synergies and convergence

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications5
Academic Applications
  • inGRID, Innovative Grid Developments for Engineering Applications
    • Support of virtual prototyping by means of
      • internet-based collaborative methods
      • mapping of engineering workflows on a grid environment
      • integration of specific technical data sources building of portals for selected engineering scenarios.
    • Development of a knowledge-based system for the optimization of engineering workflows and support of decision-making processes
    • Development of co-operation, business, safety and confidence models for scientific engineering applications

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

academic applications6
Academic Applications

Astronomy

Climate Research

High Energy Physics

Medicine

Engineering

Humanities

  • Text Grid, a Virtual Research Environment for the Humantities
    • creating a community grid for the collaborative editing, annotation, analysis, and publication of specialist text resources
    • establishes a truly interdisciplinary platform and a virtual workbench for research
    • focussed on (annotated) text as a data type

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications1
Commercial Applications

AeroGrid: Creating a permanent and practice-oriented grid infrastructure to facilitate co-operation between large-scale research institutions, industry and university research in the field of aeronautics

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications2
Commercial Applications
  • FinGrid: design and development of three Grid-based prototypes
    • Prototype I is a pricing and billing component for Grid-based services – in cooperation with Deutsche Bank and IBM
    • Prototype II is a Grid-based customer portfolio performance measurement and management tool – in cooperation with DataSynapse and Dresdner Bank
    • Prototype III is an asset-backed security factory based on Grid architecture – in cooperation with FinanzIT and PA Consulting

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications3
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

  • Biz2Grid aims at migrating industrial business applications to existing grid-middleware systems by developing a price based scheduler to the D-Grid community:
    • provide foundations for an effective application of Grid technologies in enterprises
    • design and implementation of the billing and pricing component
    • business-models have to be developed that are adequate for an application in the Grid
    • distribute and parallelize real world applications and
    • conceptualize and implement economic business models at the same time

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications4
Commercial Applications
  • BauVoGrid: a Grid-based Platform for the Virtual Organisation in Construction
    • controlled representation of responsibility / authorisation structures
    • fast configuration and management of both global VO processes and local company-specific processes in accordance with the set up responsibility VO structure
    • fast, flexible and secure access to information from different sources (documents, drawings, photographic material etc.) both from headquarters and from the construction site
    • ad-hoc changes in the process flow, using semi-automatic process simulation
    • mobile capturing of processes and process/product data on the site, thereby providing a basis for faster and more efficient decision making with participation of all site workers

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications5
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

GDI Grid: Efficient mining and processing of spatial data for the simulation of noise dispersion and disaster management

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications6
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

  • PartnerGrid develops a collaboration platform for the co-operation of companies on the basis of D-Grid.
  • Typical scenarios of different branches:
  • Collaboration of the customer and the foundry by the designing of cast parts
  • Collaboration in the metal- processing industry at the planning of forming processes

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications7
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

  • WISENT - a Knowledge Network in Energy Meteorology
    • IT-optimised cooperation in research and development of organisations in the area of energy meteorology
    • Development of electronic services for analysis and visualization of large datasets in atmopheric research and meteorology
    • Development of new collaborative methods for the optimization in the use of renewable energy resources like solar and wind energy

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications8
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

  • ProGrid - Grid technology for collaborative product development - goals
    • utilize Grid technology for collaborative product development and
    • demonstrate grid advantages by means of selected use cases
      • Process optimization
      • Optimization in fluid mechanics
      • Multidisciplinary structural optimization
      • Connection between product data management software and computer aided engineering systems
      • Collaboration platform

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

commercial applications9
Commercial Applications

Aviation Industry

Finances

Automobile Industry

Building and Construction Industry

Geographical Information Systems

Generic Engineering Applications

Meteorology for Renewable Power Industry

Cooperative Product Development

Medical Engineering and Services

[email protected] - [email protected]: Service Grid for biomedical network research

lowering the entry threshold for the utilisation of the grid computing infrastructure in the life sciences on the basis of the results of the initial project MediGRID

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide54

New Commercial Applications

Logistics

Analyses and Use of Multimedia Data

Molecular Simulation

Optimisation via Numerical Simulation

Analyses of Medical Signal and Image Data

Plasma Technology

Support of Dynamic Value Added Networks

MoSGrid makes the D-Grid infrastructure available for high-performance computing in the area of molecular simulations, including the annotation of metadata results and its provision for data mining and knowledge generation

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

slide55

New Commercial Applications

Logistics

Analyses and Use of Multimedia Data

Molecular Simulation

Optimisation via Numerical Simulation

Analyses of Medical Signal and Image Data

Plasma Technology

Support of Dynamic Value Added Networks

ValueGrids opens the D-Grid-infrastructure for a fundamentally new community, the users and providers of software-based services

A concept is to be provided allowing for seamless integration of interconnected providers into business processes as well as allows for flexible management of value networks based on service level agreements.

November 2009 Dr. Reiner Kallenborn Technische Universität München Library

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