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Cultural Influences on Personality. Chapter 2 Section 5 Pages 61-65. Objectives. Define and explain Culture Compare and Contrast Individualistic and collective cultures (Venn) Give examples of cultural differences Explain the male testosterone STUDY. Objective 1.

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Cultural influences on personality

Cultural Influences on Personality

Chapter 2

Section 5

Pages 61-65


Objectives
Objectives

  • Define and explain Culture

  • Compare and Contrast Individualistic and collective cultures (Venn)

  • Give examples of cultural differences

  • Explain the male testosterone STUDY


Objective 1
Objective 1

  • Culture- a program of shared rules that govern the behavior of members of a community or society, and a set of values and beliefs shared by most members of that community and passed from one generation to another


Culture values and traits

chapter 2

Culture, values, and traits

Culture

A program of shared rules that govern the behavior of members of a community or society

A set of values, beliefs, and attitudes shared by most members of that community


Culture values and traits1
Culture, Values, and Traits

  • Who are you?

  • I am _______

  • Individualist cultures- the independence of individual often takes precedent over group

  • “I am outgoing” Personality Trait, or occupational “I am a professional educator”

  • Collectivist cultures- Group harmony takes precedence over individual

  • “I am the son of a farmer”


Culture values and traits2

chapter 2

Culture, values, and traits

Individualist cultures

Cultures in which the self is regarded as autonomous, and individual goals and wishes are prized above duty and relations with others

Collectivist cultures

Cultures in which the self is regarded as embedded in relationships, and harmony with one’s group is prized above individual goals and wishes


Culture and traits
Culture and Traits

  • Conversational distance- How close people usually stand next to each other when speaking

  • Arabs close enough to feel your breath, touch your arm, see your pupils

  • American, Europeans, Canadians uneasy

  • Time- Linear in U.S.

  • Latinos, Middle East= Parallel Time- “Happen when it happens” Island Time

  • Cubans always 2 hour’s late to weddings- Judge in Miami


Customs in context

chapter 2

Customs in context

When culture is not appropriately considered, people attribute unusual behavior to personality.

Timeliness

Monochronic cultures: time is ordered sequentially, schedules and deadlines valued over people

Polychronic cultures: time is ordered horizontally, people valued over schedules and deadlines


Aggressiveness

chapter 2

Aggressiveness

Emphasis on aggressiveness and vigilance in herding cultures, creates culture of honor

Used to explain increased likelihood of fighting in the South and the West, versus the North and Midwest


Culture and testosterone
Culture and Testosterone

  • Male aggressiveness STUDY; Richard Nisbett

  • Evidence of historical records =More white homicides and other violence ( fistfights and guns) in south and west- settlers

  • Hypothesis =Thought disproportionate because herding cultures

  • Have to react quickly, aggressively, to situations

  • Creates culture of honor- 5 x more honor related homicides- family insult


Results
Results

  • Creates culture of honor

  • Small disputes, trivial insults ( to us maybe, our culture)

  • Regions 5 x more honor related homicides

  • F.E. family insult


Then bring northern and southern
Then Bring Northern and Southern

  • Male students; measure psychologically and physiologically to being insulted

  • hormone cortical , related to stress, testosterone, dominance, aggression

  • 173 white students, took saliva sample= baseline

  • Guy bumps him, says bad 7 letter word, starts with a

  • Take post bump sample- testosterone, cortical for southerners shoots up


Summary
Summary

  • Culture

  • Different cultures

  • Study- agressiveness


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