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An evolving partnership between the University of Minnesota (UM) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB): A model for US-Norway research collaboration. UMB/U NIVERSITY OF M INNESOTA. Cooperation: an evolving process. Step one: explore mutual interests

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An evolving partnership between the University of Minnesota (UM) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB):A model for US-Norway research collaboration

UMB/UNIVERSITYOF MINNESOTA


Cooperation: an evolving process

  • Step one: explore mutual interests

  • Step two: establish research teams, develop “road map”

  • Step three: support, facilitate team research

  • Step four: get updates of research,new opportunities

  • Step five: formally link UM-UMB through a joint endowment

  • Step six: further updates, student mobility planning, new initiatives

  • Step seven: appoint co-chairs, begin planning for 2007 conference


Step 1

2003 Seminar Minn

Step 2

Explore

2004 Seminar Norway

Step 3

Support ResearchMN, Nor

Create Teams

“Road map”

Step 4

2005 Seminar Minn

Make Plans Obtain funds

Provide Updates

Timeline (2003-2005)


Step one: 2003 Research and Technology Seminar at UM

The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use:

How new technologies, including biotechnology, can provide sustainable solutions


Key Participants

  • Government – Norway, Minn, US

  • University admin – UM, UMB,UoO

  • Faculty – UM, UoO

  • Industry/NGO – Norway, Minn

  • Royal Norwegian Consulate


2003 Seminar Topics

I. The Environmental Impact of Current Agribusiness Practices

II. The Environmental Impact of Different Energy Uses

III. Bio-based industrial materials and opportunities

IV. Hydrogen as a Fuel from Biological Sources


2003 Seminar Conclusions

  • Establish bi-lateral research agreements

  • Hold a follow up seminar in 2004

  • Develop cross-country,“virtual” graduate schools in bioenergy/ag

  • Pursue joint industrial-academic ventures


Step 1

2003 Seminar Minn

Step 2

Explore

2004 Seminar Norway

Step 3

Support ResearchMN, Nor

Create Teams

“Road map”

Step 4

2005 Seminar Minn

Make Plans Obtain funds

Provide Updates

Timeline (2003-2005)


Step two: 2004 Research and Technology Seminar at Staur Gjestegård, Norway

The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use:

GENOMICS and BIOMASS / BIOENERGY


2004 Seminar Topics

I. R&D Cooperation U.S.-Norway  -  Goals and Potentials

II. Specific Project Areas

III. Educational Opportunities

IV. Industrial Linkages


Initial Projects

  • Genomics – animal,plant,food safety

    • Animal

    • Microbe

    • Mycotoxin resistance in cereals

  • Bioenergy/Bioproduct

    • Carbon squestration/biomass estim

    • Economics of bioenergy – forest/agriculture

    • Biofuel/biorefining


2004 Seminar Conclusions: Developing a “Road Map”

VISION

Catalyze the formation of “dream teams” who will conduct breakthrough research to provide sustainable solutions within biomass/bioenergy and functional genomics


Milestones

  • Solicit applications & fund seed grants

  • Plan, hold next seminar

  • Develop endowed funding for “Jubilee” chair


Step 1

2003 Seminar Minn

Step 2

Explore

2004 Seminar Norway

Step 3

Support ResearchMN, Nor

Create Teams

“Road map”

Step 4

2005 Seminar Minn

Make Plans Obtain funds

Provide Updates

Timeline (2003-2005)


Step 3: Support Team Research

  • Norway – through RCN and Ministries

  • UM – through IREE and other

  • Example

    • Project 6: “Liquefaction of Biomass for Biofuel Production”

    • Norway/UMB - $500K

    • UM/IREE - $630K (part of this)

    • Fund complementary facilities on two campuses


Norway Funding


Step 1

2003 Seminar Minn

Step 2

Explore

2004 Seminar Norway

Step 3

Support ResearchMN, Nor

Create Teams

“Road map”

Step 4

2005 Seminar Minn

Make Plans Obtain funds

Provide Updates

Timeline (2003-2005)


Step four: 2005 Research and Technology Seminar at UM

The Environmental Impact of Agriculture and Energy Use:

GENOMICS and BIOMASS / BIOENERGY


2005 Seminar Topics

I. Project Updates

II. Partnership Opportunities

III. New Project Initiatives

IV. Project Plans

V. Educational and Student Opportunities


Genomics Projects

  • Project 1: “Genomic Studies of Pathogenic Bacteria Related to Food Safety and Animal and Human Health”

  • Project 2:“Functional Genomics to Advance Dairy Cattle Health”

  • Project 3: “Mycotoxin Prevention in Cereal Crops by Enhanced Host Plant Resistance”


Bioenergy/Bioproducts Projects:

  • Project 4: “Developing and testing airborne LiDAR-Based Sampling Procedures for Regional Forest Biomass and Carbon Estimation”

  • Project 5: “Bioenergy Based on Forestry and Agricultural Resources: Ecological, Technical, and Economic Potential in Norway and Minnesota with Emphasis on Carbon Sequestration Impacts and Rural Value-Added”

  • Project 6: “Liquefaction of Biomass for Biofuel Production”


Step 5

Establish CentennialChair

Step 6

2006 Workshop Norway

Step 7

Provide Updates

Appoint Centennial chairs

Plan 2007 conference

Timeline (2005-2007)


Step five: Establish Norwegian Chair and Fellowship

  • UM/UMB sign MOU Spring 2006

  • Norwegian Centennial Interdisciplinary Chair

    • Professor at UM or UMB

    • “Catalyze the formation of ‘dream teams’”

    • “Biofuels, biobased products, and functional genomics (..food security)”

  • Fellowship

    • Graduate level

    • UM and Norwegian universities


Funding

  • Norway and the U of M each donate $ 750,000 to the University of Minnesota Foundation. Earnings will provide scholarships, funds to promote the research collaborations, and part-time salaries for chair-holders.

  • In addition the founders will seek gifts totalling at least $ 250,000 from the Norwegian-American community, which, when combined with a match of UoM funds, will create an endowed Graduate Fellowship Fund.

  • The research teams must apply for public or private funding for projects.


Transatlantic Research Teams

incl. Bachelor-, Master-, PhD- and PostDoc-students

Industry

Industry

Other

universities

Other

universities

Bilateral Agreement

UMN

UMB

Chair-holder

Chair-holder

Executive Committee

Chair Model


Chair Tasks

  • Catalyze the formation of strong research teams and organize annual workshops

  • Promote the cooperation

  • Enhance student mobility

  • Include other universities

  • Include industry

  • Report to the Executive Committee


Executive Committee

  • Appoint chair(s)

  • Meet twice a year

  • Membership

    • Rector of UMB - Hove

    • Dean of CBS - Elde

    • External member from Norway - Grue

    • External member from Minnsota – I. Sorensen


Step 5

Establish CentennialChair

Step 6

2006 Workshop Norway

Step 7

Provide Updates

Appoint Centennial chairs

Plan 2007 conference

Timeline (2005-2007)


Step six: 2006 Research and Technology Workshop at UMB

  • Project updates

  • New initiatives

  • Breakout sessions

    • Project planning

    • Planning for 2007 Academic and Industry workshop

  • Student mobility


Bioenergy Project Updates/Plans:Highlights

  • LiDAR-based sampling

    • UMB – technology

    • UM – modeling for forests US

    • Multiple funding Norway/IREE US

  • Bioenergy economics – just plan

  • Biofuel/Bioproducts

    • Integrate/coordinate approaches

    • Grad student link


Light Detection and Ranging – A Review

  • LiDAR = laser range finder

    • Ground elevations

    • Canopy heights

    • Structural information

      • Leaf area

      • Percent crown cover

      • Tree stocking density

  • Advantages

    • Cost efficient for large areas

    • High spatial resolution (~30 cm)

    • Numerous applications

      • Forest biomass, growth and change detection, carbon exchange

      • Wildlife habitat

      • Disturbance (e.g., pests, blowdowns)

Source: TopScan, Germany


Major Objectives – LiDAR Research

1. Net primary production

and carbon sequestration

Linking soil

organic

carbon pools and

below-ground

carbon

Biomass

and

carbon

assess-

ment in

Quebec

National

Forest

Inventory

in Norway

IREE

initiative

in MN

Estimating

boreal

forest

biomass

from NASA

Icesat

LiDAR

Procedures for

resource inventory

for improved

management

Forest resource

inventory in

Wisconsin

2. Inventory of forest resources

for operational forest management

3. Regional and national procedures for

forest biomass and carbon monitoring

Assessing wood

quality of forest

resources

Forest resource

inventory in

Canada


Team 6: Biofuel production through hydrothermal treatment and microwave assisted pyrolysis of biomass

Biomass

Refining

Bulk Biomass

Transport

Central Processing Facility (CPF)

Densified Chemical

Feedstock (DCF)

On-Site or Mobile Processing

Facility (OMPF)

Products

New concept: Combined “On-site” and Central processing


Pilot Reactor at UMB


Continuous Microwave Assisted Pyrolysis Reactor at Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Feedstock hopper

Gas output to distillation

3 x1.5 kW generators

Waveguide

Screw reactor 2.5 m x 25 cm Ø


Possible New Initiatives

  • Enzyme-based lignin processing – “Lignocellulose to Biofuel”

  • Climate

  • Arctic research

  • Multiple stressors


Step 5

Establish CentennialChair

Step 6

2006 Workshop Norway

Step 7

Provide Updates

Appoint Centennial chairs

Plan 2007 conference

Timeline (2005-2007)


Step seven: Chairs begin, 2007 planning started

  • Co-chairs – Skjelhaugen (UMB), Sheridan (UM) begin with mobility of students associated with research teams

  • 2007 Conference planning

    • UM (May 13-15)

    • Emphasis on industrial partnerships


Lessons/Directions

  • Identify “champions” on both sides

  • Build on mutual research strengths and needs

  • Provide initial funding

  • Firm up linkage with jointly-funded endowment, chairs, fellowships

  • Gradually expand to other related research interests

  • Add student components

  • Add industrial component(s) – focus of 2007 seminar


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