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Smoking, Secondhand Smoke, and Quitting: A Cessation Program. Brandi Settegast, Department of Biological Sciences, Honors College Susan Eve, Faculty Mentor, Honors College. Background. The harmful effects of cigarette smoking have been known for many years Surgeon General’s Report

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Smoking secondhand smoke and quitting a cessation program

Smoking, Secondhand Smoke, and Quitting: A Cessation Program

Brandi Settegast, Department of Biological Sciences, Honors College

Susan Eve, Faculty Mentor, Honors College


Background
Background

  • The harmful effects of cigarette smoking have been known for many years

  • Surgeon General’s Report

    • First published in 1964, based on 7,000 studies, established link between smoking and lung cancer

  • Although the number of smokers has decreased, it is still too high

    • 45.3 million adults in the U.S.

  • Millions are exposed to secondhand smoke


Smoking
Smoking

  • Responsible for 1 in every 5 deaths

    • 438,000 deaths each year

  • Causes many cancers

    • Lung, bladder, cervix, pancreas, mouth, throat, voice box, stomach and kidney

  • Causes heart disease

    • Doubles risk of stroke

  • Causes Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)


Smoking and women
Smoking and Women

  • Lung cancer kills more women than breast cancer

  • 20,000-25,000 people have lung cancer, 80-90% are women

  • Lowers bone density

  • Decreases fertility

  • Smoking during pregnancy

    • Increases risk of miscarriage, preterm birth, stillbirth, low birth weight, and SIDS


Secondhand smoke
Secondhand Smoke

  • Composed of mainstream smoke and side- stream smoke

  • Consists of 250 chemicals

    • 50 are carcinogenic

  • Increases risk of heart disease 25-30%

    • 22,700- 69,900 deaths each year

  • Increases risk of lung cancer 20-30%

    • 3,400 deaths each year

  • No safe level of exposure


Quitting
Quitting

  • Quitting is hard because it is an addiction and a habit

  • Many go through withdrawal

  • Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)

    • Patch, Gum, Lozenge, Nasal spray, Inhaler

  • Prescriptions

    • Wellbutrin®, Zyban®, Chantix®

  • Support Groups

    • Nicotine Anonymous, 1-800-QUITNOW


Methods
Methods

  • Women 18-25 and are students at UNT

  • 2 groups: Experimental and Control

    • Each group will view a PowerPoint presentation

    • Each group will take a short quiz before and after the presentation

    • Follow-up quiz 2 weeks later

  • The experimental group will receive information about smoking

  • The control group will receive sources for more information


Problems
Problems

  • Finding a mentor

  • Institutional Review Board (IRB)

  • Recruiting participants

  • Time


References
References

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

    • Surgeon General’s Report

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention

    • www.cdc.gov/tobacco

  • National Cancer Institute

    • www.smokefree.gov

  • American Cancer Society

    • www.cancer.org


Acknowledgments
Acknowledgments

  • Dr. Susan Eve, Honors College

  • Dr. Gloria Cox, Honors College

  • Nancy and Harlin Settegast, Parents

Contact Information

[email protected]

[email protected]


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