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Context Clues. Ms. Moye 9/7/11. Learning Targets. I can explain the function of context clues. I can define the seven types of context clues. I can identify the seven types of context clues in text. I can use the seven types of context clues to identify unfamiliar words.

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Context clues

Context Clues

Ms. Moye

9/7/11


Learning targets
Learning Targets

  • I can explain the function of context clues.

  • I can define the seven types of context clues.

  • I can identify the seven types of context clues in text.

  • I can use the seven types of context clues to identify unfamiliar words.


Hey what does that word mean
Hey…What does that word mean?!?

  • When you read, do you occasionally come across a word you do not know?

  • How would you figure out the meaning of a word?

  • What if you did not have a dictionary?


What are context clues
What are Context Clues?

  • Context clues are words in the same sentence or passage that gives you clues to what an unfamiliar word means.

  • These clues will help you understand the meaning of the unknown word in a story or passage.


Context clues1
Context Clues

The words and phrases around an unfamiliar word often time provide clues to the word’s meaning.

  • Context clues are often in the sentence where the unknown word appears.

  • Context clues can be in the sentence before or after the unknown word.


Seven types of context clues
Seven Types of Context Clues

There are Seven types of context clues:

  • Definition context clues

  • Synonym context clues

  • Antonym context clues

  • Comparison context clues

  • Contrast context clues

  • Description or Example context clues

  • Visual context clues


1 definition explanation

Type of context clue that explains the meaning of the unfamiliar word in the sentence.

Ex: The sun made the lake water shine which is known asshimmers.

Unfamiliar Word: shimmers

Meaning: to shine: glisten

Context Clue: The sun made the lake water shine

Type of Context Clue: explanation/definition

1. Definition/Explanation


2 synonyms

Synonyms are words that have the same meaning. unfamiliar word in the sentence.

Ex.:No matter what goes on in Jada’s life, she always remains nonchalantor calm.

Unfamiliar word: nonchalant

Meaning: calm

Context clue: she always remains calm

Type of Context Clue: synonym

2. Synonyms


3 antonyms

Antonyms are words that have opposite meaning. unfamiliar word in the sentence.

Ex.:Although the princess is familiar to those in London, she is unknown to the rest of the world.

Unfamiliar Word: familiar

Meaning: to know; be aware

Context Clue: she is always unknown…world

Type of Context Clue: antonym

3. Antonyms


4 description or example context clues
4. Description or Example Context Clues unfamiliar word in the sentence.

  • The author includes one or more examples or descriptions to help the reader understand the unknown word.

  • Look for words and phrases like “such as,” “including,” “forexample,” and “consistsof.”

  • Colons (:) and dashes (-) are also signal descriptions or examples.


Description or example context clues
Description or Example Context Clues unfamiliar word in the sentence.

Example:

The Native American gave the wounded soldier a cardamom potion. The herb’s strong smell was enough to cure the hurt man.

  • You can gather from the second sentence that cardamom must be an herb used for medicine.


5 comparison

Type of context clue that shows similarities often time using similes.

Ex.: The miniature horse was as small as a dog.

Unfamiliar Word: miniature

Meaning: small

Context Clue: horse was as small as a dog

Types of Context Clue: comparison

5. Comparison


6 contrast
6. Contrast using similes.

Contrast: context clue that shows differences

Ex.: We watched as the duck floated on the surface of the lake, while his friends dove under water.

unfamiliar word:

meaning:

context clue:

Type of context clue:


7 visual context clues
7. Visual Context Clues using similes.

  • The author includes a picture, drawing, chart, graph, or other type of visual to help the reader understand the meaning of a word.

  • Always read the sentence first, then look at the photo, drawing, chart, or graph for a clue to the unknown word.


Visual context clues
Visual Context Clues using similes.

Example:

Peggy had an exultant look on her face.

  • You can tell by the picture that exultant

    means happy.


Summary
Summary using similes.

Context Clues are clues used to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.

Context clues are found in the sentence, the sentence before and the sentence after.

There are six types of context clues: def./expl., synonyms, antonyms, comparison, descriptive and visual .


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