Thermal-Hydraulic Transient Analysis of the Missouri University Research Reactor (MURR)
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Thermal-Hydraulic Transient Analysis of the Missouri University Research Reactor (MURR) TRTR Annual Meeting September 17-20, 2007. Dr. Robert C. Nelson 1 , J. Charles McKibben 2 , Dr. Kiratadas Kutikkad 2 , and Leslie P. Foyto 2 1 RRSAS 2 MURR. Introduction.

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Thermal-Hydraulic Transient Analysis of the Missouri University Research Reactor (MURR)TRTR Annual MeetingSeptember 17-20, 2007

Dr. Robert C. Nelson1, J. Charles McKibben2, Dr. Kiratadas Kutikkad2, and Leslie P. Foyto2

1 RRSAS 2 MURR


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Introduction University Research Reactor (MURR)

  • Potential for fuel damage has been evaluated for various accidents and transients postulated for the MURR.

  • Criterion for ‘no fuel damage’ is that fuel plate peak temperatures do not approach the minimum fuel plate blister temperature of 900 °F (484 °C).

  • Model includes full core – 8 fuel elements; each with all 24 fuel plates and 25 coolant channels.

  • The model developed and analyses for the LOCA and LOF transients will be discussed.


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MURR Model University Research Reactor (MURR)

  • Fuel region is cooled by a pressurized primary coolant system.

  • Pool coolant system is separate from primary coolant system.

  • Pressurized primary coolant system is located in the reactor pool allowing direct heat transfer during normal operation and a transition to natural convection under accident conditions.

  • Reflector region, control blade region, and center test hole are cooled by pool water (forced flow transitioning to natural convection).


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Detailed RELAP5 Model of the MURR Primary Coolant Loop University Research Reactor (MURR)





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Calculated Accidents Coolant Loop

  • Loss of Primary Coolant

    • Cold Leg

    • Hot Leg

  • Loss of Primary Flow


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Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) Coolant Loop

  • Historically the most serious accident considered.

  • Initiated in theory by the double-ended rupture in a section of main coolant piping.

  • Mitigated by use of engineered Safety Features (ESF) – Anti-Siphon System.

  • These features are demonstrated in the following schematic of the in-pool portion of the primary coolant system.


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PT 943 Coolant Loop

PS 938

V527C


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Top Level LOCA Results Coolant Loop

  • Peak Steady State Temperature – 272.1 °F (133.4 °C) [centerline of plate number-1]

  • Hot Leg Break – 282.1 °F (138.4 °C) [centerline of plate number-1 at 0.2 seconds]

  • Cold Leg Break – 311.7 °F (155.4 °C) [centerline of plate number-3 at 0.5 seconds]

  • No challenge to fuel plate blister temperature of 900 °F (482 °C)

NORMAL REACTOR OPERATING CONDITIONS AND CONSERVATIVE ASSUMPTIONS WHEN THE LOCA INITIATES

1 Pressure above atmosphere


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Cold Leg LOCA Coolant Loop



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Coolant Flow Through the 25 Individual Channels During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Centerline Temperature of the 24 Fuel Plates (Section 4) During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Line LOCA


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Liquid Fraction of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 1) During the First 600 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Liquid Fraction of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 2) During the First 600 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Liquid Fraction of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 3) During the First 600 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Liquid Fraction of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 4) During the First 600 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Centerline Temperature of the 24 Fuel Plates (Section 1) During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Centerline Temperature of the 24 Fuel Plates (Section 2) During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Centerline Temperature of the 24 Fuel Plates (Section 3) During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Temperature of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 1) During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Temperature of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 4) During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Coolant Flow Through the 25 Individual Channels During the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Volume Pressures During the First 20 Seconds of the First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCACold Leg LOCA


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Hot Leg LOCA First 20 Seconds of the Cold Leg LOCA


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Centerline Temperature of the 24 Fuel Plates (Section 3) During the First 40 Seconds of the Hot Leg LOCA


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Temperature of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels (Volume 1) During the First 200 Seconds of the Hot Leg LOCA


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Cold Leg LOCA Channel Temperatures (Volume 1) During the First 200 Seconds of the Hot Leg LOCA


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Hot Leg LOCA Channel Temperatures (Volume 1) During the First 200 Seconds of the Hot Leg LOCA


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LOCA Conclusions During the First 200 Seconds of the Hot Leg LOCA

  • None of the postulated scenarios results in uncovering of the core or core damage, including the most serious cold line break.

  • Post LOCA, decay heat can safely be dissipated to the reactor pool with no core damage.

  • Sufficient redundant safety features exist to prevent core damage as a result of a double-ended rupture of the largest diameter primary coolant piping without any additional protective system.

  • Model does not include two small check valves that allow make-up water from the reactor pool into the primary coolant system inverted loop.


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LOF Accident During the First 200 Seconds of the Hot Leg LOCA

  • Loss of Flow (LOF) accident initiation

    • Loss of Facility or pump power

    • Inadvertent closure of coolant loop isolation valves

    • Inadvertent loss of pressurizer pressure

    • Locked rotor in a coolant circulation pump

    • Failure of a coolant circulation pump coupling


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Downward, Upward, and Net Coolant Flow Through the Core During the First 12 Seconds of the LOF Accident


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Downward, Upward, and Net Coolant Flow Through the Core During the First 100 Seconds of the LOF Accident


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Coolant Flow Through the 25 Individual Coolant Channels During the First 60 Seconds of the LOF Accident


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Centerline Temperature of the 24 Fuel Plates During the First 60 Seconds of the LOF AccidentDuring the First 60 Seconds of the LOF Accident


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Temperature of the 25 Individual Coolant Channels During the First 60 Seconds of the LOF AccidentDuring the First 60 Seconds of the LOF Accident


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Summary During the First 60 Seconds of the LOF Accident

  • A new detailed RELAP5 model has been developed to evaluate the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of the MURR during normal and accident conditions.

  • Evaluation of LOCA and LOF accidents, including individual fuel plate and coolant channel temperatures, demonstrate that fuel clad integrity is not challenged.

  • Future efforts will evaluate potential effects of the new LEU fuel element design, which includes wider coolant channels, and an expansion of the model for consideration of fuel elements with variable burn-up histories.


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