Debt financing sources for types of businesses
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Debt Financing Sources for Types of Businesses. Debt Financing Sources by Term of Financing. Sources of Debt Financing. The principal SOURCES OF BORROWED CAPITAL include:. Chattel mortgages and equipment loans Conditional sales contracts Plant improvement loans Commercial finance companies

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Debt Financing Sources for Types of Businesses

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Debt financing sources for types of businesses

Debt Financing Sources for Types of Businesses


Debt financing sources by term of financing

Debt Financing Sources by Term of Financing


Sources of debt financing

Sources of Debt Financing

The principal SOURCES OF BORROWED CAPITAL include:

  • Chattel mortgages and equipment loans

  • Conditional sales contracts

  • Plant improvement loans

  • Commercial finance companies

  • Factoring

  • Leasing companies

  • Trade credit

  • Commercial bank financing

  • Line of credit loans

  • Time-sales finance

  • Term loans


Key steps in obtaining a loan

Key Steps in Obtaining a Loan


How your banker interprets the income statement

How Your Banker Interprets the Income Statement


Personal guarantees and the loan part a when to expect them

Personal Guarantees and the LoanPart A: When to Expect Them

WHEN TO EXPECT THEM:

  • If you are under collateralized.

  • If there are shareholder loans or lots of “due to” and “due from” officer accounts.

  • If you have had a poor or erratic performance.

  • If you have management problems.

  • If your relationship with your banker is strained.

  • If you have a new loan officer.

  • If there is turbulence in the credit markets.

  • If there has been a wave of bad loans made by the lending institution, and a crackdown is in force.

  • If there is less understanding of your market.


Personal guarantees and the loan part b how to avoid them and how to eliminate them

Personal Guarantees and the LoanPart B: How to Avoid Them and How to Eliminate Them

Transparency Master 16-6B

HOW TO AVOID THEM:

HOW TO ELIMINATE THEM:

  • Good to spectacular performance.

  • Conservative financial management

  • Positive cash flow over a sustained period.

  • Adequate collateral.

  • Careful management of the balance sheet.

  • See “How to Avoid Them.”

  • Develop a financial plan with performance targets and a timetable.

  • Negotiate elimination upfront when you have some bargaining chips, based on certain performance criteria.

  • Stay active in the search for backup sources of funds.


Tlc of a banker

TLC of a Banker

Tips to improve your relationship with your banker:

  • Your banker is your partner, not a difficult minority shareholder.

  • Be honest and straightforward in sharing information.

  • Invite the banker to see your business in operation.

  • Always avoid overdrafts, late payments, and late financial statements.

  • Answer questions frankly and honestly. Tell the truth. Lying is illegal and undoubtedly violates loan covenants.

  • Understand the business of banking.

  • Have an “Ace in the Hole.”


Total present value

Total Present Value


Jiffy lube international overhead 1

Jiffy Lube InternationalOverhead #1

Transparency Master 16-9

1985 1986 19871988

# of Service Centers 208 348 561 823

Total Sales (millions)$14.5 $29.5 $44.1$78.2

Net Income (000s) $603$1,212 $3,466$6,909

Earnings per Share$0.09 $0.16 $0.28$0.44

Total Assets (millions)$34.2 $50.7 $102.4$225.8


Jiffy lube international inc overhead 2

Jiffy Lube International, Inc.Overhead #2

Transparency Master 16-10

1985198619871988

Working Capital$.375 4.5 2.811.98

Long-term & Sub-debt$10.219.726.779.2

Capital Lease Obligations$2.3 9.619.036.1

Stockholders Equity $4.5 6.839.579.4

Max. Stock Price n.a.18.0036.0025.25

(in millions)


Jiffy lube international inc overhead 3 free cash flow characteristics

Jiffy Lube International, Inc.Overhead #3: Free Cash Flow Characteristics

FREE CASH FLOW CHARACTERISTICS

3/31/86 3/31/87 3/31/88

Net Income $1,212 3,466 6,909

Plus Interest 1,197 1,362 2,138

Plus Taxes 720 3,333 5,003

Earnings Before Interest and Taxes 3,129 8,161 14,040

Earnings Before Interest After Taxes* 1,689 5,386 9,266

Plus depreciation and amortization 1,140 1,261 2,773

2,829 6,647 12,309

Change in Working Capital 4,492 2,760 11,983

Present Working Capital (357) (4,492)(2,760)

(Current Assets less Current Liabilities

less prior fiscal Year working capital

Change in Working Capital4,135 (1,732) 9,223

Less Change in Working Capital (4,135) 1,732 (9,223)

Less Capital Expenditures (14,695)(42,077)(83,886)

Less Change in Other Assets (2,338)(10,466)(17,468)

(18,339)(44,164)(98,518)

*tax rate assumed are 34 percent for 1988 and 1987, and 46 percent for 1986.


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