What educational research tells us about adhd brenton prosser phd school of education
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What educational research tells us about ADHD Brenton Prosser PhD School of Education. More than medical answers. More than medical answers. Introduction About ADHD ADHD Research Background ADHD Research (Prosser) Other Educational Research Final Remarks Discussion.

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What educational research tells us about adhd brenton prosser phd school of education

What educational research tells us about ADHD

Brenton Prosser PhD

School of Education

More than medical answers


More than medical answers

Introduction

  • About ADHD

  • ADHD Research Background

  • ADHD Research (Prosser)

  • Other Educational Research

  • Final Remarks

  • Discussion


More than medical answers

About Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is the most diagnosed childhood disorder in Northern America and Australasia

Defined by a physical difference that causes hyperactivity, impulsivity and/or inattention

ADHD is diagnosed when these behaviours impair in home, school and work settings

ADHD has moved beyond a diagnostic category and into popular culture

ADHD vs ADD

Medicine cannot answer all the questions about ADHD

Educators are needed in the ADHD debate


More than medical answers

ADHD Research Background

ADHD is a physiological, genetic, condition (Barkley 1998)

The ADD Brain (Zametkin 1990, MTA 1999)

ADHD is the product of pressures on youth, parents and doctors (Diller 1998)

Once medical technology for control exists, a social label emerges (Conrad 1976)

USA has neglected social change, ADHD alienates educators (Ideus 1994)

Need more sociological research to understand ADHD (Reid & Maag 1994)

Educators are the major factor in student success (Reid & Prosser 1998)


More than medical answers

ADHD Policy Research (Prosser & Reid 2002)

Examine US and Australian context

In Australia, ADHD falling through state and federal policy gaps

Pressure to make ADHD a disability category

No funding support for ADHD

Policy may be encouraging medical responses

How do we close the gap between policy and practice?


More than medical answers

ADHD Medication Research (Prosser & Reid 2009)

Looked at SAHC data 1990-2006

Look at new prescriptions (age, gender), duration, location

New numbers vary, total numbers approx 3%

Sharp up 1990-1995, decline 1996-2000, up 2000-2004, decline 2005-2006 - WHY?

Starting age decline – fall from 9.35yrs to 8.84yrs – WHY?

Duration shorten – from 2.5yrs to 2.0yrs – WHY?

More likely in low SES – WHY?


More than medical answers

Life with ADHD (Prosser 2006)

Label has more stigma for adults

Medication enables making choices

The media is not helping

I only have 'mild ADHD'

School is the major place for problems


More than medical answers

What Students say about ADHD (Prosser 2006)

'I want to do well at school'

Teacher response is central

The behaviour is the problem, not the label

Remedial strategies can make things worse

'Medication helps me to choose at school'

'I get school work, but school does not get how I work'


More than medical answers

Diagnostic Criteria

Often talks excessively

Often fidgets or squirms in seat

Often does not follow through on instructions

Often fails to finish school work

Often blurts out answers

Often is reluctant to engage in tasks with sustained mental effort

Traditional Pedagogy (Prosser 2008)

Sit still silently, listen attentively

Learn from talk not action

Follow detailed instructions systematically

Maintain close attention to detail in work

Wait patiently for teacher assistance

Be motivated in challenging learning tasks


More than medical answers

Findings of the pilot study

Case Study 1

Year 8 Society & Environment class

Redesigned curriculum content to connect with students lives and local histories

A change in pedagogy was not attempted

Student-centred curriculum project resulted in some engagement

Engagement reduced behavioural issues

Relationships and specific interactions made some difference

Overall change not deemed to be significant


More than medical answers

Findings of the pilot study

Case Study 2

Year 9 Humanities & Social Science class

Redesigned curriculum content to connect with students lives and community issues

A change in pedagogy was attempted to focus on student-as-researchers

Community issue-centred project resulted in engagement

Engagement reduced behavioural issues

Combined change resulted in greater work output and skill development

New perspectives developed on student ability


More than medical answers

Emerging Educational Research on ADHD

Education is being welded on to the economy (Smyth, 2000)

Our expectations on youth are competitive and converging (Carrington, 2006)

The offline ways of schools increasingly clashes with the online world of our students


More than medical answers

The online world...

Your child is developing well…

…would you like to send him an email?

Cartoon


More than medical answers

Emerging Educational Research on ADHD

Education is being welded on to the economy (Smyth, 2000)

Our expectations on youth are competitive and converging (Carrington, 2006)

The offline ways of schools increasingly clashes with the online world of our students

Youth cannot afford to be different – 'disorder is better than deviance'

Behaviour management is becoming the feature of school relationships (Adams, 2006)

A lack of room for diversity is hidden by a focus on individual behaviour (Slee, 2006)


More than medical answers

Teaching & ADHD (Graham 2010)

A History of ADHD

ADHD and parenting

ADHD and disadvantage

The politics of ADHD

ADHD and School Discipline

ADHD and Pedagogy (Prosser)

Education research leading the way


More than medical answers

Final Remarks

ADHD may be the tip of the iceberg

There is more to ADHD than just medication

Educators are needed in the ADHD debate

Changing pedagogy can make a difference

Don't underestimate your impact


More than medical answers

Discussion

Dr Brenton Prosser

Senior Research Fellow

Email: [email protected]

About Brenton's work www.unisa.edu.au (search 'Brenton Prosser')

ADHD: Who's failing who www.finch.com.au

Connecting Lives & Learning www.wakefieldpress.com.au


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