Carbohydrate counting
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Carbohydrate Counting. In-service Elizabeth Olivares Dietetic Intern. Introduction. What is a carbohydrate? What food contain carbohydrates? Why patients are on a Consistent Carbohydrate diet? Why count carbohydrates?

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Carbohydrate counting

Carbohydrate Counting

In-service

Elizabeth Olivares

Dietetic Intern


Introduction

Introduction

  • What is a carbohydrate?

  • What food contain carbohydrates?

  • Why patients are on a Consistent Carbohydrate diet?

  • Why count carbohydrates?

  • Grams and servings of carbohydrate in Consistent Carbohydrate diet.

  • Explaining hospital menu to patients.

  • Teach how to count carbohydrates.

  • Take a quiz to test knowledge.


What foods contain carbohydrates

What foods contain carbohydrates?

  • Grains: bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and other grains.

  • Starchy vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, corn, and winter squash).

  • Beans and legumes.

  • Fruit and fruit juices.

  • Milk, soy milk, and yogurt.

  • Pastries, jam, ice cream, sherbet, and syrup.


Consistent carbohydrate diet

Consistent Carbohydrate Diet

  • Control blood sugars

  • Distribute carbohydrates intake at each meal


Carbohydrates

blood glucose

Carbohydrates

  • Grains: bread, cereal, rice, pasta, and other grains.

  • Starchy vegetables (potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, corn, and winter squash).

  • Beans and legumes.

  • Fruit and fruit juices.

  • Milk, soy milk, and yogurt.

  • Pastries, jam, ice cream, sherbet, and syrup.


Consistent carbohydrate diet1

Consistent Carbohydrate Diet

  • On the menu: The number of carbohydrates servings are in ().


Carbohydrate counting1

Carbohydrate Counting

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO


Starch

Starch

  • 1 slice of bread

  • 1 tortilla

  • ¼ large bagel

  • 2 taco shells

  • ½ hamburger or hot dog bun

  • ¾ cup ready to eat cereal

  • ½ cup cooked cereal

  • 1 cup broth-based soup

  • 4-6 small crackers

  • 1 serving of casserole

  • 1/3 cup pasta or rice (cooked)

  • ½ cup beans, peas, corn, sweet potatoes, winter squash, or mashed or boiled potatoes (cooked)

  • ¼ large baked potato

  • ¾ oz pretzels, potato chips, or tortilla chips

  • 3 cups popcorn (popped)

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO


Fruit and fruit juices

Fruit and Fruit Juices

  • 1 small fresh fruit (4 oz)

  • ½ cup canned fruit

  • ¼ dried fruit (2 tbsp)

  • 17 small grapes (3 oz)

  • 1 cup melon, berries

  • 2 tbsp raisins

  • ½ cup fruit juice

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO


Milk yogurt

Milk/Yogurt

  • 1 cup fat-free or reduced fat milk

  • 1 cup soy milk

  • 2/3 cup (6 oz) fat free yogurt sweetened with sugar free sweetener

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO


Sweets and desserts

Sweets and Desserts

  • 2 inch square cake (unfrosted)

  • 2 small cookies

  • ½ cup ice cream or frozen yogurt

  • ¼ cup sherbet or sorbet

  • 1 tbsp syrup, jam, jelly, table sugar, or honey.

  • 2 tbsp light syrup

1 carbohydrate serving = 15 gram CHO


Test 1

Test 1

  • ¾ oz potato chips

  • 1 sandwich

    • 2 slices of bread

    • Ham

    • Tomato

    • Lettuce

    • Pickle

  • 1 serving = 15 gms

  • 2 servings =30 gms

  • Total = 45 gms


Test 2

Test 2

  • 2 pancakes

  • 2 eggs

  • 2 slices of bacon

  • 2 tablespoons light syrup

  • 1 cup milk

  • 2 servings = 30 gms

  • 1 serving = 15 gms

  • 1 serving = 15 gms

  • Total = 60 gms


Test 3

Test 3

  • 2 chicken & cheese enchiladas

    • 6” corn tortillas

  • 1/3 cup of rice

  • ½ cup pinto beans

  • 2 servings = 30 gms

  • 1 serving = 15 gms

  • 1 serving = 15 gms

  • Total = 60gms


Test 4

Test 4

  • ½ cup canned fruit

  • 1 diet coke

  • 1 medium baked potato w/ sour cream

  • 1 fried chicken thigh

  • ½ corn on the cob

  • 1/3 cup of pasta salad

  • 1 serving =15 gm

  • 0

  • 2 servings =30 gm

  • 0

  • 1 serving = 15 gm

  • 1 serving = 15 gm

  • Total = 75 gm


Test 5

Test 5

  • 1 cup noodles

  • shrimp

  • ½ cup mixed vegetables

  • 1 cup apple juice

  • ¼ cup orange sherbet

  • 3 servings = 45 gms

  • 2 servings = 30 gms

  • 1 serving = 15 gms

  • Total = 90 gms


References

References

  • Van Antwerp, M. Diabetic Diet Handout.


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