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1. Constructive & Destructive Forces on Landforms 5-3.1
2. Two Types of Forces Destructive Forces: processes that destroy landforms.
2 types: Slow (weathering) and Fast (Erosion)
Ex. landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, floods
Constructive forces: forces that build up an existing landform or create a new one.
Caused by: water, gravity, wind and glaciers.
Ex: deposition, landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods
3. Weathering Weathering: a slow, destructive force that breaks rocks into smaller pieces called sediments. Can by physical (mechanical) or chemical.
wear down, break
5. Chemical Weathering: the changing of materials in a rock by chemical processes.
6. Erosion Erosion: the destructive movement of materials away from one place by wind, water, ice and gravity.
7. Landslides Landslides: occur when gravity quickly pulls rock and dirt downhill.
8. Floods Floods: a great flow of water over an area that is usually dry land.
9. Volcanic Eruptions Volcano: an opening in the Earths crust through which steam, lava and ashes erupt.
Cause both destructive and constructive changes to landforms.
10. Mount St. Helens
12. Earthquakes Earthquakes: the shaking of Earths surface caused by the release of energy along a fault.
13. Volcanoes & Earthquakes
14. Erosion & Deposition Deposition: the placing of materials in a new place (constructive force).
15. Water Erosion & Deposition River Delta- Deposits of sediment at the mouth of the Mississippi River creating new land called a delta.
16. Wind Erosion & Deposition Sand Dunes- sand is moved by wind