Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America
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Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America. Fluency in ESL Speakers. by Brynn Ladd. An English as a Second Language (ESL) speaker's creative ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency. Proposed Outcome Hypothesis.

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Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America

Fluency in ESL Speakers

by Brynn Ladd


An English as a Second Language (ESL) speaker's creative ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency.

Proposed OutcomeHypothesis


System of ExperimentationMethodology

  • Participants

  • 2 experiment variations

  • Based on the Hasbro game Taboo


Word-guessing Party ActivityThe Game Taboo

  • Players are required to explain a target word

  • No gestures are used (unlike Charades)‏

  • The target word or a variant of it may not be said (i.e. target: reread, neither reread, nor read may be said)‏


Experiment

  • 3 ESL Speakers

  • 1 native English listeners

  • 10 words

  • Comparing the variety of the speakers to each other, when the reference listener is control

  • Interesting results


Speaker 1 (5 yrs) – its a flying mammal, its probably the only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

Speaker 2 (11 yrs) – I think it can be, it's a baseball stick, it can be used for playing baseball, and I'm not sure but it can also be a rat with wings

Speaker 3 (16 yrs) – let's see, it's an animal that can fly, and it's like, I don't know, many people associate it with vampires

Example


Speaker 1 (5 yrs) – its a flying mammal, its probably the only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

Speaker 2 (11 yrs) – I think it can be, it's a baseball stick, it can be used for playing baseball, and I'm not sure but it can also be a rat with wings

Speaker 3 (16 yrs) – let's see, it's an animal that can fly, and it's like, I don't know, many people associate it with vampires

Example

Word: bat


Trends Noticed

  • There was more variety

  • The speakers applied to general, rather than personal things

  • More likely to include more definitions


Scoring

  • 1 point correct definition

  • 1 point multiple definitions

  • 1 point general application

  • 1 point application to listener

  • 1 point keyword


Results

  • Speaker 1 (5 yrs): 22

  • Speaker 2 (11 yrs): 19

  • Speaker 3 (16 yrs): 14

Interesting note: Knowing them personally, it was interesting how their personalities came out.


Research to be done at a time not in the present or pastFuture Work

  • Experiments:

    • have multiple people score each speaker, average

    • distraction free environment

  • Expand the participant group

  • Compare against standardized fluency test

  • Focus the experiment: language, years studying

  • See which version of double-stress words is more common


The Point Where the Presentation TerminatesThe end.


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