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Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America. Fluency in ESL Speakers. by Brynn Ladd. An English as a Second Language (ESL) speaker\'s creative ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency. Proposed Outcome Hypothesis.

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Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America

Fluency in ESL Speakers

by Brynn Ladd

system of experimentation methodology
System of ExperimentationMethodology
  • Participants
  • 2 experiment variations
  • Based on the Hasbro game Taboo
word guessing party activity the game taboo
Word-guessing Party ActivityThe Game Taboo
  • Players are required to explain a target word
  • No gestures are used (unlike Charades)‏
  • The target word or a variant of it may not be said (i.e. target: reread, neither reread, nor read may be said)‏
experiment
Experiment
  • 3 ESL Speakers
  • 1 native English listeners
  • 10 words
  • Comparing the variety of the speakers to each other, when the reference listener is control
  • Interesting results
example

Speaker 1 (5 yrs) – its a flying mammal, its probably the only flying mammal I know of, it\'s related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

Speaker 2 (11 yrs) – I think it can be, it\'s a baseball stick, it can be used for playing baseball, and I\'m not sure but it can also be a rat with wings

Speaker 3 (16 yrs) – let\'s see, it\'s an animal that can fly, and it\'s like, I don\'t know, many people associate it with vampires

Example
example1

Speaker 1 (5 yrs) – its a flying mammal, its probably the only flying mammal I know of, it\'s related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

Speaker 2 (11 yrs) – I think it can be, it\'s a baseball stick, it can be used for playing baseball, and I\'m not sure but it can also be a rat with wings

Speaker 3 (16 yrs) – let\'s see, it\'s an animal that can fly, and it\'s like, I don\'t know, many people associate it with vampires

Example

Word: bat

trends noticed
Trends Noticed
  • There was more variety
  • The speakers applied to general, rather than personal things
  • More likely to include more definitions
scoring
Scoring
  • 1 point correct definition
  • 1 point multiple definitions
  • 1 point general application
  • 1 point application to listener
  • 1 point keyword
results
Results
  • Speaker 1 (5 yrs): 22
  • Speaker 2 (11 yrs): 19
  • Speaker 3 (16 yrs): 14

Interesting note: Knowing them personally, it was interesting how their personalities came out.

research to be done at a time not in the present or past future work
Research to be done at a time not in the present or pastFuture Work
  • Experiments:
    • have multiple people score each speaker, average
    • distraction free environment
  • Expand the participant group
  • Compare against standardized fluency test
  • Focus the experiment: language, years studying
  • See which version of double-stress words is more common