Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America
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Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America. Fluency in ESL Speakers. by Brynn Ladd. An English as a Second Language (ESL) speaker's creative ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency. Proposed Outcome Hypothesis.

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Loquaciousness in Persons Whose Native Tongue is Not the One Spoken in America

Fluency in ESL Speakers

by Brynn Ladd


An English as a Second Language (ESL) speaker's creative ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency.

Proposed OutcomeHypothesis


System of experimentation methodology
System of Experimentation ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency.Methodology

  • Participants

  • 2 experiment variations

  • Based on the Hasbro game Taboo


Word guessing party activity the game taboo
Word-guessing Party Activity ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency.The Game Taboo

  • Players are required to explain a target word

  • No gestures are used (unlike Charades)‏

  • The target word or a variant of it may not be said (i.e. target: reread, neither reread, nor read may be said)‏


Experiment
Experiment ability in language is an accurate measure of fluency.

  • 3 ESL Speakers

  • 1 native English listeners

  • 10 words

  • Comparing the variety of the speakers to each other, when the reference listener is control

  • Interesting results


Example

Speaker 1 (5 yrs) – its a flying mammal, its probably the only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

Speaker 2 (11 yrs) – I think it can be, it's a baseball stick, it can be used for playing baseball, and I'm not sure but it can also be a rat with wings

Speaker 3 (16 yrs) – let's see, it's an animal that can fly, and it's like, I don't know, many people associate it with vampires

Example


Example1

Speaker 1 (5 yrs) – its a flying mammal, its probably the only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

Speaker 2 (11 yrs) – I think it can be, it's a baseball stick, it can be used for playing baseball, and I'm not sure but it can also be a rat with wings

Speaker 3 (16 yrs) – let's see, it's an animal that can fly, and it's like, I don't know, many people associate it with vampires

Example

Word: bat


Trends noticed
Trends Noticed only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

  • There was more variety

  • The speakers applied to general, rather than personal things

  • More likely to include more definitions


Scoring
Scoring only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

  • 1 point correct definition

  • 1 point multiple definitions

  • 1 point general application

  • 1 point application to listener

  • 1 point keyword


Results
Results only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word is

  • Speaker 1 (5 yrs): 22

  • Speaker 2 (11 yrs): 19

  • Speaker 3 (16 yrs): 14

Interesting note: Knowing them personally, it was interesting how their personalities came out.


Research to be done at a time not in the present or past future work
Research to be done at a time not in the present or past only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word isFuture Work

  • Experiments:

    • have multiple people score each speaker, average

    • distraction free environment

  • Expand the participant group

  • Compare against standardized fluency test

  • Focus the experiment: language, years studying

  • See which version of double-stress words is more common


The point where the presentation terminates the end
The Point Where the Presentation Terminates only flying mammal I know of, it's related to a action movie that recently came out and everybody appears to like it, the dark knight, so I guess people can guess what this word isThe end.