Integumentary system
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INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM. BY: EMILY WU WILL FREDER ISABEL STEINTHAL KRISTIAN CUNNINGHAM. INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM. Also known as skin!. Functions. Acts as protection Sensation (sense of touch) Heat regulation Control of evaporation of body fluid

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INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

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Integumentary system

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

BY:

EMILY WU

WILL FREDER

ISABEL STEINTHAL

KRISTIAN CUNNINGHAM


Integumentary system1

INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

  • Also known as skin!


Functions

Functions

  • Acts as protection

  • Sensation (sense of touch)

  • Heat regulation

  • Control of evaporation of body fluid

  • Storage for water and lipids (molecules;fats, vitamins)

  • Absorption (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide)

  • Water resistant


Mammalian skin layers

Mammalian skin layers

  • Epidermis (top layer)

  • Dermis (bottom layer)


Epidermis

Epidermis

  • Divided into strata or layers

    Stratum corneum

    Stratum lucidum (only in palms and soles)

    Stratum granulosm

    Stratum spinosum

    Stratum germinativum (also called stratum basale)

  • Contains no blood vessels

  • Waterproofing and blocking infection


Basement membrane

Basement membrane

  • Separates epidermis and dermis

  • Thin sheet of fibers

  • Controls traffic of cells and molecules


Dermis

Dermis

  • Consists of connective tissue and cushions body from stress and strain

  • Contains nerve endings, hair follicles, sweat glands, other glands, blood vessels, ect

  • Two layers/areas

    Papillary region

    Reticular region


Hypodermis

Hypodermis

  • NOT a part of skin

  • Connects skin to muscle and bone


Melanin

Melanin

  • Melanin gives skin its color, the darker your skin is the more melanin you have

  • When you go in the sun, the cells make extra melanin to protect you from getting burned by the suns UV rays


Integumentary system

Hair

  • Develops from the epidermis

  • Made of threads of cells that develop from the epidermis and cover most of the body

  • Each hair has a medulla, cortex, and cuticle.

    • The medulla in the center contains soft keratin and air

    • The cortex (innermost and thickest layer) has the pigment that gives hair color

    • The cuticle (the outermost layer) has cells that overlap like scales


Nails

Nails

  • Develop from the epidermis

  • Parts of the nail are the lunula, cuticle, nail plate, free edge, and root

    • Luluna is the white half-moon shaped part of the base

    • Cuticle is where the nail meets your skin

    • Nail plate, or body, is the actual nail

    • Free Edge is the white part at the tip

    • Root is hidden under skin folds


Systems skin works with

SYSTEMS SKIN WORKS WITH

  • Circulatory System- capillaries near skin surface open to cool off your body and close to conserve heat

  • Immune System- skin releases fluid to kill bacteria

  • Nervous System- neurons in skin senses world around you

  • Muscular System- skin covers and protects

  • Skeletal System- covers and protects


Defects or disorders

DEFECTS OR DISORDERS

The most common are:

Acne

Eczema

Seborreheic Dermatitis

Skin Cancer

Psoriasis


Integumentary system

ACNE

LOTS of pimple

Happens when passageway from skin’s pores to oil glands become clogged


Eczema

ECZEMA

Super dry, flaky skin

Usually born with it, but you can develop it from REALLY dry skin or irritantation


Seborreheic dermatitis

SEBORREHEIC DERMATITIS

Oily, waxy patches

Runs in families


Skin cancer

SKIN CANCER

Most common are Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Deadliest is Melanoma

Usually from to much UV radiation from the sun


Psoriasis

PSORIASIS

Build up of excess skin tissue that looks red and thick, and is covered with silvery scales

Genetic disorder


Gerneral information

GERNERAL INFORMATION

  • Every minute of the day we lose about 30,000 to 40,000 dead skin cells off the surface of our skin

  • 95% of the cells of your epidermis work to make new cells, the other 5% work to make a substance called melanin


Fun facts

Fun facts

  • Integument means “covering”

  • Your skin is one of (if not THE) largest organ

  • Every month you have a whole new layer of skin

  • You will shed 40 pounds of skin in a lifetime

  • The average adult has 20 square feet of skin

  • Your eyelids have the thinnest skin

  • Goose bumps are little pimples that help retain a layer of warm air over our body

  • The body has about 3,000,000 sweat glands

  • You sweat 30 gallons a day


Works consulted

Works consulted

  • "10 Interesting Facts-Integumentary System." Google Sites. Google, n.d. Web. 27

      Feb. 2012. <http://sites.google.com/site/integumentarysystem305/ 10-interesting-facts>

  • Dowshen, Steven, MD. "Your Skin." Kids Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2012.

    <http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/skin.html>

  • "Integumentary System." Integumentary System. N.p., 18 May 2010. Web. 27 Feb.

     2012. <http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/biobookintegusys.html>

  • Skin (Integumentary) System Info." Body Guide. A.D.A.M, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2012

    <http://www.pennmedicine.org/health_info/body_guide/reftext/html/skin_sys_fin.html

  • "Integumentary System." Wikipedia. N.p., 23 Feb. 2012. Web. 27 Feb. 2012.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integumentary_system


Integumentary system

THE END


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