The perfect tense le pass compos
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The perfect tense (Le Pass é Composé) . 1- Use and formation 2- Perfect with Avoir 3- Perfect with Être 4-Time expressions. 1-Use and formation . This tense is used to describe a single completed action in the past.

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The perfect tense (Le Pass é Composé)

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The perfect tense le pass compos

The perfect tense(Le Passé Composé)

1- Use and formation

2- Perfect with Avoir

3- Perfect with Être

4-Time expressions

V. Passerat


1 use and formation

1-Use and formation

  • This tense is used to describe a single completed action in the past.

  • It needs 2 parts: the auxiliary or helping verb (avoir or être in the present) and the past participle.

V. Passerat


In english

In English….

  • How to say things in English in the past tense?

  • Ex: to play

    1. I….

    2. I…

    3. I…

V. Passerat


Did you get it correct

Did you get it correct?

  • I have played

  • I did play

  • I have played

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The pass compos tense is a compound tense

The passé composé tense is a compound tense!

because it is made up of more than one part. It is COMPOSED OF TWO THINGS!

A HELPING VERB AND

A PAST PARTICIPLE!

V. Passerat


For most verbs it is made up of the present tense of avoir

For most verbs it is made up of the present tense of avoir…

  • J’ai…

  • Tu as…

  • Il/elle/on a…

  • Nous avons…

  • Vous avez…

  • Ils/elles ont…

  • We call this the auxiliary [helping] verb

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And a past participle

…and a ‘past participle’

  • J’ai mangé-I have eaten (I ate, I did eat)

  • Tu as vu- You have seen (you saw, you did see)

  • Il/elle/on a dansé- She danced, (did dance, has danced)

  • Nous avons vendu- We sold, (did sell, have sold)

  • Vous avez acheté- You bought (did buy, have bought)

  • Ils/elles ont fini- They finished,(did finish, have finished)

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Regular past participles

Regular past participles

  • The past participle of a verb is the form that generally corresponds to the –ed ending in English (played, changed, finished…)

  • -ER verbs end in –é (mangermangé)

  • -RE verbs end in –u (vendre vendu)

  • -IR verbs end in –i (finir fini)

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2 avoir verbs

2-Avoir verbs

  • Most verbs use the auxiliary avoir .

  • The endings always stay the same.

    -ER-RE-IR

    REGARDERVENDREFINIR

    J’ai regardévendufini

    Tu as regardévendufini

    Il, Elle, On a regardévendufini

    Nous avons regardévendufini

    Vous avez regardévendufini

    Ils, Elles ont regardévendufini

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Some irregular past participles

Some Irregular past participles

Avoir-to have (j’ai eu/I had),

Être-to be (j’ai été/I was),

Faire-to do, make (j’ai fait/I did)

Ending in “it”:Ending in “ert”:

Dire (j’ai dit/I said)Offrir (j’ai offert/I offered)

Écrire (j’ai écrit/I wrote) Ouvrir (j’ai ouvert/I opened)

Ending in “is”:

Mettre (j’ai mis/I put)

Promettre (j’ai promis/I promised)

Permettre (j’ai permis/I permitted)

Prendre (j’ai pris/I took)

(Apprendre-compris/learned/Comprendre-compris/understood)

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More irregular past participles

More Irregular Past participles!

Ending in “u”:

Boire (j’ai bu/I drank)

Courir (j’ai couru/I ran)

Pouvoir (j’ai pu/I could)

Vivre (j’ai vécu/I lived)

Voir (j’ai vu/I saw)*****

Vouloir (j’ai voulu/I wanted)

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3 tre verbs

3- Être verbs

  • There are some verbs that use the auxiliary verb (helping verb) être.

  • In that case, the past participle agrees with the subject (masculine, feminine, singular or plural endings).

  • ONLY ÊTRE VERBS AGREE!!!!!!

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Remember tre

Remember Être?

  • Je suis

  • tu es

  • elle est

  • nous sommes

  • vous êtes

  • ils sont

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Tre verbs agree

Être verbs agree!

-ER -RE-IR

ALLER DESCENDREPARTIR

Je suis allé(e) descendu(e)parti(e)

Tu es allé(e) descendu(e)parti(e)

Il,Elle, On est allé(e) descendu(e)parti(e)

Nous sommes allé(e)s descendu(e)sparti(e)s

Vous êtesallé(e)(s) descendu(e)(s)parti(e)(s)

Ils, Elles sontallé(e)s descendu(e)sparti(e)s

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List of tre verbs using dr mrs vandertrampp

List of Être verbs-using Dr. & Mrs. Vandertrampp

  • Devenir (to become) devenu(e)(s)

  • Retourner(to return) retourné(e)(s)

  • Monter(to go up)monté(e)(s)

  • Rentrer(to return) rentré(e)(s)

  • Sortir(to go out)sorti(e)(s)

  • Venir(to come)venu(e)(s)

  • Arriver(to arrive)arrivé(e)(s)

  • Naître(to be born)né(e)(s)

  • Descendre(to get off/go down)descendu(e)(s)

  • Entrer(to enter)entré(e)(s)

  • Rester(to stay)resté(e)(s)

  • Tomber(to fall)tombé(e)(s)

  • Revenir (to come back) revenu(e)(s)

  • Aller(to go)allé(e)(s)

  • Mourir(to die)mort(e)(s)

  • Partir(to leave)parti(e)(s)

  • Passer (to pass by) passé(e)(s)

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The perfect tense le pass compos

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Another way to remember tre is the tre song

Another way to remember ÊTRE is the ÊTRE song!

(to the tune of the ABC song)

  • Allé

  • Arrivé

  • Descendu

  • Devenu

  • Entré

  • Monté

  • Mort

  • Parti

  • Passé

  • Rentré

  • Resté

  • Retourné

  • Revenu

  • Sorti

  • Tombé ET

  • Venu

“Ce sont les participes passés, ce sont les mots que je connais!”

V. Passerat


Remember tre verbs must agree

REMEMBER: Être verbs must agree!

  • For example: Elle est venue

  • Nous sommes arrivés

    But when we used avoir, there was NO agreement…

  • Elle a choisi

  • Nous avons parlé

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The perfect tense le pass compos

So you can remember the 17 Être verbs with Dr. & Mrs. Vandertramp, the Être house/hospital or with the Être song!

Allé

Arrivé

Descendu

Devenu

Entré

Monté

Mort

Parti

Passé

Rentré

Resté

Retourné

Revenu

Sorti

Tombé ET

Venu

  • Devenir

  • Revenir

  • Mourir

  • Rester

  • Sortir

  • Venir

  • Aller

  • Naître

  • Descendre

  • Entrer

  • Retourner

  • Tomber

  • Rentrer

  • Arriver

  • Monter

  • Partir

  • Passer

“Ce sont les participes passés, ce sont les mots que je connais!”

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The perfect tense le pass compos

So this is the process…

Find the French verb

Ask yourself: does it take être?

[That is, is it reflexive or one of the être list verbs?] If not, use AVOIR in the present tense, and add your past participle. If yes, use ETRE in the present tense and add the possibly morphed past participle!

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If the answer is yes it uses tre

If the answer is ‘yes, it uses être’

  • For example… ‘Christine fell..’ …

  • To fall = tomber = être list verb

  • Find the subject of the verb:

  • Christine

  • Use the present tense of être to agree with Christine

  • Christine est

  • Work out the past participle and make it agree

  • tombée

  • So we get: Christine est tombée

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Tre verbs now you try

Être Verbs: Now you try!

Translate:

1. I went to the doctor this morning.

2. I left school late.

3. I fell at the train station.

4. I arrived with my sister.

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Reflexive verbs french 2 will get these in the spring

Reflexive verbs- (French 2 will get these in the spring!)

  • All reflexive verbs use the auxiliary être in the perfect tense.

    Se lever (to get up)

    Je me suis levé(e)

    Tu t’es levé(e)

    Il,Elle,On s’est levé(e)

    Nous nous sommes levé(e)s

    Vous vous êtes levé(e)(s)

    Ils,Elles se sont levé(e)s

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4 time expressions

4- Time expressions

  • L’année dernière (last year)

  • Avant-hier (the day before yesterday)

  • Hier (yesterday)

  • Hier matin/soir (yesterday morning/evening)

  • Pendant les dernières vacances (during the last holidays)

  • La semaine dernière (last week)

  • Le week-end dernier (last week-end)

V. Passerat


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