the duel for north america
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The Duel for North America. Ch. 6. France in Canada. The Edict of Nantes 1598 Issued by the crown of France.  It granted limited religious freedom to French Protestants, and stopped religious wars between the Protestants and Catholics. King Henry IV. Champlain & Quebec.

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france in canada
France in Canada
  • The Edict of Nantes
  • 1598
  • Issued by the crown of France.  It granted limited religious freedom to French Protestants, and stopped religious wars between the Protestants and Catholics.

King Henry IV

champlain quebec
Champlain & Quebec
  • 1608 – France establishes Quebec
  • The leading figure was Samuel de Champlain, an intrepid soldier and explorer whose energy and leadership earned him the title “Father of New France”.
new france

The government of New France (Canada) was under direct control of the king. 

  • The people did not elect any representative assemblies
  • New France contained one valuable resource - beaver. 
  • French Catholic missionaries, notably the Jesuits, labored with much enthusiasm to convert the Indians to Christianity and to save them from the fur trappers
New France
detroit
Detroit
  • Antoine Cadillac- founded Detroit in 1701 to thwart English settlers pushing into the Ohio Valley.
la salle
La Salle
  • Robert de La Salle- explored the Mississippi and Gulf basin, naming it Louisiana
  • the French planted several fortified posts in Mississippi and Louisiana.  The French founded New Orleans in 1718.
the clash of empires

King William’s War (1689-1697) and Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)

  • Earliest battles for control of North America
  • The wars ended in 1713 with peace terms signed at Utrecht. 
  • France and Spain were terribly beaten and Britain received French-populated Acadia and Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay.  The British also won limited trading rights in Spanish America.
The Clash of Empires
the war of jenkins s ear

The War of Jenkins’s Ear started in 1739 between the British and Spaniards. 

  • This small battle became a war and became known as King Georges’s War in America.
  • It ended in 1748 with a treaty that handed Louisbourg back to France, enraging the victorious New Englanders.
The War of Jenkins’s Ear
george washington and war with france
George Washington and War with France
  • In 1754, George Washington was sent to Ohio Country to secure the land of the Virginians who had secured legal rights to 500,000 acres. 
  • His 150 Virginia militia killed the French leader, causing French reinforcements to come. 
washington and the virginians

The Virginians were forced to surrender on July 4, 1754.

  • In 1755, the British uprooted the French Acadians fearing a stab in the back, and scattered them as far as Louisiana.
  •  These Acadians make up the Cajun population that is now in Louisiana.
Washington and the Virginians
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