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2013-2014 Final Exam Review 8 th Grade Social Studies. PART 4 : Great Depression, WWII, Cold War. Crash of 1929. Speculation in stocks and a consumer culture based on credit led to panic, bank runs and inflation .

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2013 2014 final exam review 8 th grade social studies

2013-2014 Final Exam Review8th Grade Social Studies

PART 4: Great Depression, WWII, Cold War

Crash of 1929
Crash of 1929

  • Speculation in stocks and a consumer culture based on credit led to panic, bank runs and inflation.

  • Anger at President Hoover led to shantytowns of unemployed being called Hoovervilles.

The new deal
The New Deal

  • During the New Deal years of the Great Depression, the role of the federal government would drastically increase to meet the needs of the failing economy.

  • FDR created a series of relief programs, for example,the Social Security Act, which established a system of unemployment insurance and pensions for retired workers.

  • The New Deal also created an era of deficit spending,in which the government spent more money than it had to try and provide relief to Americans.

To do list 1 help banks

  • FDR’s first order of business was to get the banking system in order

  • On March 5, one day after taking office, FDR declared a bank holiday (closed banks for four days) to stop the bank failures.

To do list 2 get people to work

  • Tomorrow you will learn about the programs put into place by FDR to get people back to work.

3 keep the people informed

  • FDR communicated to Americans via radio

  • His frequent “Fireside Chats” kept Americans abreast of the government’s efforts during the Depression

World war ii pulled the u s out of the great depression
World War IIpulled the U.S. out of the Great Depression

U s enters the war
U.S. Enters the War

  • The U.S. entered the war after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.

  • The U.S. forced Japanese-Americans into internment campsuntil the end of the war. (The government paid reparations to Japanese Americans).

Outcomes of wwii
Outcomes of WWII

  • The Holocaust (discovery of the Final Solution)

  • Nuremburg Trials

    • Trial for the highest ranking Nazi members. Convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death.

  • Creation of the United Nations: designed to promote world peace.

The cold war
The Cold War

  • Marshall Plan: a plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II, proposed by U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall in 1947

  • Korean War & Vietnam War: both were Cold War efforts to containcommunism.

  • Cuban Missile Crisis: tense 13 day standoff between the United States and Soviet Union over the placement of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba.

Current events
Current Events

  • What places in the world are struggling against dictators?

  • Where else do we see people fighting for civil rights?

  • Who is the current president? Vice president? Governor of NY?