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TASIK BERA. WEEK 12. Importance. RAMSAR Natural flood mitigation mechanism. So Where is Tasik Bera.

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TASIK BERA

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Tasik bera

TASIK BERA

WEEK 12


Importance

Importance

  • RAMSAR

  • Natural flood mitigation mechanism


So where is tasik bera

So Where is Tasik Bera

  • Tasik Bera is a natural freshwater lake system, located in southwest Pahang, Malaysia in the saddle of the main and eastern mountain ranges of Peninsular Malaysia, extending 35 km long and 20 km wide, drainings into the Pahang River.


Tasik bera1

Tasik Bera


It s characteristic

It’s Characteristic

  • As the largest freshwater swamp in Peninsular Malaysia, Tasik Bera remains both a unique and remote wetland wilderness.

  • Surrounded by a patchwork of dry lowland dipterocarp forests, the lake environment includes islands of peat swamp forests (blackwater swamps )

  • Rich in wildlife and vegetation.

  • The main habitats at Tasik Bera are open waters, rivers and streams, swamps (Pandanus-reed swamps and swamp forests and lowland forests.


Characteristic cont

Characteristic -cont

  • Tasik bera is an ECOSYSTEM

    which supports a diversity of animal and plant life, and sustains the livelihood of the SEMELAI branch of the Orang Asli people inhabiting the wetlands


Ramsar

RAMSAR

  • TASIK BERA is protected under RAMSAR Convention

  • The Ramsar Convention (The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands

    to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future,

     recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.

  • It is named after the town of Ramsar in Iran.


Ramsar cont

RAMSAR – cont….

  • This allow the continuity of traditional & wise use of the whole area.

  • The site was declared under RAMSAR protection in November 1994

  • It include the CORE zone of 26,000 hector (260 km ²) and a BUFFER zone of 27,500 (275 km ²) hector.


Ramsar cont1

RAMSAR – cont….

  • Other RAMSAR sites in Malaysia:

     Pulai River in Johore

     Kukup island in Johore

     Tanjung Pia in Johore

     Terusan Kinabantangan in Sabah

     Kulamba Wildlife Reserve in Sabah

     Kuala Maruap & Kuala Segama Forest

    reserve in Sabah


Natural flood mitigation mechanism

Natural Flood Mitigation Mechanism

  • Tasik Bera plays an important role in flood control, water flow regulation and purification and it also provides many natural resources for the local community.

  • It forms part of the catchment of the Pahang river

  • Peatswamp- flood mitigation


Activities

Activities

  • Angling

  • Boating

  • Kayaking

  • Fishing

  • Jungle tracking

  • Participate in river Safari

  • Absorbing culture


Players

Players

  • Semelai

  • Settlers

  • Ordinary people (visitors, loggers)

  • Tourists

  • Fauna (plants too)


Semelai

SEMELAI

  • A Malayan aboriginal tribe, calling themselves SemaqTasik (the lake people).

  • Their subsistence is depended on the shifting cultivation of upland rice and cassava, fishery in the lake and gathering forest and swamp products.


Semelai cont

SEMELAI - cont

  • These SEMELAI have lived in Tasik Bera for more than 600 years ago…..

  • Majority lives in Pos Iskandar (A Settlement area – 5 main villages, kg jelawat, kg dato, kg sembilan, kg dato)

  • Main activities are cultivating hill rice casavva, vegetables, fruits, rubber trees and palm tree.

  • Accomplished forest farmers, practicing the age-old method of shift cultivation


Semelai activities

Semelai Activities

  • Fishing

  • Hunting – wild boar, deer

  • Trapping wild life

  • Rubber Tapping

  • Collecting forest produce

  • Weave with pandanus leaves(Screwpines are locally known as rasau )from the lake

  • make various animal traps

  • Playing traditional Semelai musical instruments

  • Plant healing properties/medicinal species

  • Traditional hill paddy harvesting

  • making handicraft and offering various adventurous and cultural eco-tourism activities and packages

  • Selling pythons

  • Semelai harvest oil from the kruingminyak


Settlers

Settlers

  • It’s FELDA people

  • Felda CEMPAKA

  • Felda SEBERTAK

  • Felda Triang 1 & 2

  • Palm Oil Plantantion

  • Other agricultural land.


Problems

Problems…..

  • Conversion of forest- legal/illegal

  • Soil erosion due to plantation activities

  • Shifting cultivation

  • Fertilizer run-off flush to the ditch & lake

  • Felda peple take advantage on Semelai and its settlement area.

  • Land Division

  • Shortages of wild food have arisen

  • Deterioration of water quality

  • Land and forest at risk


Ordinary people visitors loggers

Ordinary People(visitors, loggers)

Problems with these people:

  • Overexploitation of limited resources

    (rattan)

  • Excessive utilization (scented wood gaharu, DAMAR )

  • Illegal for settlements to exist in protected forest

  • Boundary face problems

  • Conversion of forest (The trees had been stripped off)

  • logging concession and being actively exploited


Problems ordinary people

Problems…Ordinary People

  • Tension – in term of relationships

  • Access to land

  • Burning down the forest

  • Commercialization

  • Abuse of SEMELAI people by

    business people

  • Threatens the ecological balance of the area.


Tourists

Tourists

  • Local / Domestic Tourist

  • International Tourist/ Foreigners

  • Accomadation (campsite, rumah orang semelai)

  • Impact to Tasik Bera ????


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