Multiple uses and functions of water with the elephant pump
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Multiple Uses and Functions of Water with the Elephant Pump. History of Pump Aid. Zimbabwe and UK charity registration Oct 1999 Pump Aid invited to assist 21 African countries Winners of St Andrews Env Prize 2005 & 2008 Malawi pilot launched by Vice-President 2006

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Multiple Uses and Functions of Water with the Elephant Pump

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Multiple uses and functions of water with the elephant pump

Multiple Uses and Functions of Water with the Elephant Pump


History of pump aid

History of Pump Aid

  • Zimbabwe and UK charity registration Oct 1999

  • Pump Aid invited to assist 21 African countries

  • Winners of St Andrews Env Prize 2005 & 2008

  • Malawi pilot launched by Vice-President 2006

  • Winners of World Bank Dev Marketplace 2006

  • Over 4,000 pumps and a million beneficiaries

  • Working in Zim, Malawi, Liberia, Mozambique

  • Seeding in Tanzania then Zambia & S. Africa


Who are pump aid

Who are Pump Aid?

  • Over a million beneficiaries (40M litres/dy)

  • 152 staff in Zim, Malawi, UK and Liberia

  • Professor Anthony Butterworth FRS

  • Professor Richard Carter

  • Shungu Munyati (Nat Instit Health Res)

  • Martha Rukuni ACA MBA

  • Ian Thorpe (Chief Executive)


More mdgs per drop

More MDGs per drop

  • MDG7: (Target 10) Halve by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

  • MDG1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • MDG2: Achieve universal primary education

  • MDG3: Promote gender equality & empower women

  • MDG4: Reduce child mortality

  • MDG5: Improve maternal health

  • MDG6: Combat HIV/AIDS malaria and other diseases


Features of the elephant pump include

Features of the Elephant Pump Include:

Low Cost

  • Low initial inclusive cost per pump and per beneficiary

  • Five times cheaper than piston pumps (inclusive costs)

  • Ease of maintenance by the pump owner at extremely low cost

    Sustainable

  • Sustainable and suitable for the most remote and poor areas

  • Spare parts e.g. rope and washers made by the beneficiaries

  • Can easily be deepened should the water table fall

  • Adaptable design with a fallback extraction option (bucket)

    Appropriate

  • Suitable for dry-season garden irrigation and when rains fail

  • Built and maintained using only locally available materials

  • Beneficiaries contribute bricks, sand and some labour

  • Sense of ownership, due to involvement in construction

  • Can be adapted to use solar or wind power if required


Features of the elephant pump include1

Features of the Elephant Pump Include:

Efficient

  • High extraction rates of about one litre per second

  • Yields high water quality, excludes sources of contamination

  • Far less energy used to lift a certain volume of water

  • Extraction of water possible up to 50 metres depth

  • Combined with self-cleaning hand dug lined well design

  • The pump itself is self cleaning, so cannot get clogged up

    User Friendly Design

  • Suitable for children and the elderly, safe and enjoyable to use

  • ‘Bicycle’ system encourages the involvement of boys and men

  • Culturally sensitive design which can be repaired by women

  • No danger of children or animals falling in as fully enclosed

  • Powered by renewable energy (hand /pedal power)


Agricultural usage

Agricultural Usage

  • Vegetable production (multiple sources)

  • Fruit trees and nurseries

  • Livestock and fish

  • Medicinal herbs

  • Dry spell irrigation

  • School nutrition gardens (bicycle)


Sanitation links domestic productive

Sanitation: links Domestic & Productive

  • Elephant Toilet uses Urine Diversion = Fertiliser

  • Avoiding deforestation - wet mud bricks, no need to boil water

  • Hand-washing facilities, natural soap

  • Health and Hygiene Education

  • Maintenance and Sustainability

  • Re-usable slab, plant fruit tree in pit


Impact on livelihoods

Impact on Livelihoods

  • Income generation

  • Time saved for productive activities

  • Reduced days lost to illness

  • Increased agric knowledge base

  • Child headed households

  • School attendance


Expansion plans over seven years

Expansion Plans over seven years

  • 32,000 Elephant Pumps in Africa

  • School cluster, child-centred approach

  • 8 million with clean productive water, food security, 8 million fruit trees, livestock

  • 8 million people with improved sanitation

  • Seeding and training in other countries

  • Propagation through training partnerships


Multiple uses and functions of water with the elephant pump

Thank You

www.pumpaid.org


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