Vocabulary Week #2. 1. monomer - single unit of a macromolecule. 2 . polymer - large macromolecule comprised of many monomers. 3. catalyst - something that speeds up a reaction. 4. enzyme - protein that acts as a catalyst. 5. calibrate - to adjust precisely for a particular function.
Why are we learning about inorganic molecules when Biology focuses on living organisms?
Figure 2.2 The Periodic Table (Part 1)
sucrose — table sugar = glucose + fructose
lactose — milk sugar = glucose + galactose
maltose — malt sugar = glucose + glucose
Many monosaccharides = ________________
Figure 3.15 Disaccharides Are Formed by Glycosidic Linkages (Part 2)
ThiThis is cellobiose, a subunit of cellulose, humans don’t have the enzymes to break this down, but cows do. To us it is merely roughage.
Cellulose is a very stable glucose polymer, and is the principle component of cell walls.
Nonpolar= do not dissolve
Figure 3.18 Synthesis of a Triglyceride