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Learning Review Game. Test Tuesday. 20. Once Pavlov’s dogs learned to salivate to the sound of a tuning fork, the tuning fork was a(n):. Unconditioned stimulus Neutral stimulus Conditioned stimulus Responsive Stimulus Conditioned response. 20. Shaping is:.

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Learning Review Game

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Learning Review Game

Test Tuesday


Once Pavlov’s dogs learned to salivate to the sound of a tuning fork, the tuning fork was a(n):

  • Unconditioned stimulus

  • Neutral stimulus

  • Conditioned stimulus

  • Responsive Stimulus

  • Conditioned response


Shaping is:

  • A pattern of responses that must be made before classical conditioning is completed

  • Rewarding behaviors that get closer and closer to the desired goal behavior

  • Completing a set of behaviors in succession before a reward is given

  • Giving you chocolate pudding to increase the likelihood you will eat more carrots

  • Inhibition of new learning by previous learning


John loves to fish. He puts his line in the water and leaves it until he feels a tug. On what reinforcement schedule is he rewarded?

  • Continuous reinforcement

  • Fixed ratio

  • Fixed interval

  • Variable ratio

  • Variable interval


Chimpanzees given tokens for performing tricks were able to put the tokens in vending machines to get grapes. The tokens acted as:

  • Primary reinforcers

  • Classical conditioning

  • Secondary reinforcers

  • Negative reinforcers

  • Unconditined reinforcers


Watson’s classical conditioning of “Little Albert” was helpful in explaining that:

  • Some conditioned stimuli do not generalize

  • Human emotions such as fear are subject to classical conditioning

  • Drug dependency is subject to classical conditioning as well as operant conditioning

  • Small children are not as easily conditioned as older children

  • Fear of rats and rabbits are innate responses previously undiscovered

Participant Scores


Jamel got very sick after eating some mushrooms on a pizza at his friend’s house. He didn’t know that he had a stomach virus at the time, blamed his illness on mushrooms, and refused to eat them again. Which of the following is the unconditioned stimulus for his taste aversion to mushrooms?

  • Pizza

  • Stomach virus

  • Mushrooms

  • Headache

  • Aversion to mushrooms


While readying to take a free-throw shot, you suddenly arrive at the answer to a chemistry problem you’d been working on several hours before. This is an example of:

  • Insight

  • Backward conditioning

  • Latent learning

  • Discrimination

  • The Premack Principle


Latent learning is best described by which of the following:

  • Innate responses of an organism preventing new learning and associations

  • Unconscious meaning that is attributed to new response patterns

  • Response patterns that become extinguished gradually over time

  • Delayed responses that occur when new stimuli are paired with familiar ones

  • Learning that occurs in the absence of rewards


Rats were more likely to learn an aversion to sour foods than bright lights. This illustrates:

  • Insight

  • Preparedness

  • Extinction

  • Observational learning

  • Generalization


Spontaneous recovery refers to the:

  • Extinction of a previously learned behavior

  • Disappearance of a previously extinguished US after a rest period

  • Return of a behavior after a conditioning phase has ended

  • Tendency of newly acquired responses to be intermittent at first

  • Organism’s tendency to forget previously learned responses, but to relearn them more quickly during a second training period

Participant Scores


Which of the following would be an example of learning?

  • A newborn infant sucks on a bottle filled with milk

  • A teenager falls asleep after staying after for 96 hours

  • A rat presses a lever to obtain a food pellet

  • A patient clenches his teeth when he sees the dentist’s drill, even though he has never had a tooth filled

  • A student jumps when she hears someone drop a book in the library stacks


An unconditioned stimulus is any stimulus that:

  • Triggers a learned response

  • Is based upon its association with another unconditioned stimulus

  • Provides positive or negative reinforcement

  • Naturally elicits a reflexive behavior

  • Inhibits previously learned behavior


The initial learning stage in classical conditioning in which the neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with the unconditioned stimulus is known as:

  • Prompting

  • Trial and error learning

  • Acquisition

  • Insight learning

  • Shaping


Which one of the following poses a problem for classical conditioning theory?

  • Conditioning usually occurs gradually

  • Experimental nervosis

  • Taste aversions are learned through observation

  • Taste aversions are generalizable

  • Taste aversions develop after a long time delay between the CS and the UCS


These are consequences that alter the likelihood of behaviors:

  • Conditioned and unconditioned reflexes

  • Successive approximations

  • Rewards and Punishments

  • Conditioned and unconditioned stimuli

  • Discrimination and generalization

Participant Scores


Negative and positive reinforcers are similar in that these always ______ the likelihood of ensuing responses.

  • Decrease

  • Increase

  • Extinguish

  • Eliminate

  • Have no effect on


The Premack principle states that:

  • A preferred activity can be used to reinforce a less preferred one

  • In order to be effective, reinforcement must be unpredictable

  • Reinforcement is more effective than punishment

  • Punishment must be used consistently and immediately

  • Using two types of punishment works better than using only one


Which of the following is true of punishment?

  • Punishment may involve the application of an aversive stimulus

  • Punishment must be used consistently in order to be effective

  • Aggression may be produced by punishment

  • Punishment interferes with the learning of new and better behaviors

  • All of the above are correct


Tolman concluded that the rats he ran through mazes had created _________ to help them find where the food was placed.

  • Insight learning

  • Cognitive maps

  • Classical conditioning

  • Observational learning

  • Operant conditioning


Your brother comes home after curfew and is grounded by your parents. In the future, you come home on time. This type of learning is best explained by:

  • Social learning

  • Insight learning

  • Classical conditioning

  • Operant conditioning

  • Vicarious trial and error

Participant Scores


_______ reported that watching violent behaviors makes children more likely to behave violently.

  • Watson

  • Thorndike

  • Tolman

  • Bandura

  • Garcia


Thorndike’s Law of Effect said that an organism will learn to perform responses that are:

  • Preceded by a conditioned stimulus

  • Reflexive

  • Prompted

  • Preceded by a neutral stimulus

  • Rewarded


Which one of the following would be considered a primary reinforcer?

  • Money

  • Achievement

  • Food

  • Status

  • Both 1 and 3


Which of the following proved to be difficult to explain in purely behavioral terms?

  • A child learning to read by receiving rewards

  • A pigeon learning to press a lever in a Skinner box for a food reward

  • A chimpanzee using a pile of boxes and a stick to obtain food hung high in its cage

  • A dog salivating at the sound of a bell

  • A trained seal doing a trick for a fish


Operant conditioning, in contrast with classical conditioning, emphasizes events (such as rewards and punishments) that occur:

  • After the behavior

  • Concurrently with another response

  • At the same time as another stimulus

  • During the behavior

  • Before the behavior

Participant Scores

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