Endangered Species Act of 1973, 1982, 1985, and 1988 By Harrison Ellis & Amanda Gotshell. President Nixon signed the bill December 28, 1973 ESA is administered by two federal agencies: United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
-NOAA handles marine species, and the FWS has responsibility over freshwater fish and all other species.
1. There is the present or threatened destruction of its habitat. 2. An over utilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes. 3. The species is declining due to disease or predation. 4. There is an inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms. 5. There are other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence.
Endangered Species Act Amendments from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development”