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It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war. Woodrow Wilson, April 2, 1917. Wilson and World War I. PMQ: How did Wilson use morals in his foreign policy? The Story of a People Opposed to War Who Changed Their Collective Mind in 3 years.

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Wilson and world war i

It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war.

Woodrow Wilson, April 2, 1917

Wilson and World War I

PMQ: How did Wilson use morals in his foreign policy?

The Story of a People Opposed to War Who Changed Their Collective Mind in 3 years


Idealism in latin american affairs
Idealism in Latin American Affairs into war.

  • The gospel of American democracy

  • The Panama Canal

  • Open Door

  • Teach the Latin Americans

  • Mexico: Overthrow of Diaz by progressive reformer Madero

    • Huerta overthrows Madero

    • Wilson demands elections

    • Tampico incident

    • General Carranza

    • Pancho Villa gets Wilson’s support for a time


Villa to us drop dead
Villa to US: Drop Dead! into war.

  • NM Raid, 1916

  • AEF: American Expeditionary Force


Outbreak of war june 1914
Outbreak of War, June 1914 into war.

  • Where is the progressive spirit?

  • The Black Hand

  • “The Blank Check”

  • Secret alliances

  • Triple Alliance (later, the Central Powers versus the Triple Entente (Allies)

Kaiser Wilhelm II

Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Family


Woodrow wilson 1913 1921
Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) into war.

  • What is the US foreign policy before the US enters the war in 1917?

  • William J Bryan

    • Lost 3 Pres elections

    • Busy speaker

    • 1912 helps engineer Wilson to victory

    • Secretary of State

    • Anti-imperialist, non-interventionist, pacifist


Freedom of the seas
Freedom of the Seas into war.

  • Britain checked cargoes in NAtlantic

  • Sales to Allies soar from $825 mill (1914) > $3.2 Billion (1916)

  • By 1917, Britain and France had also borrowed > $2 billion

  • German U-Boots

  • Lusitania -1915 - 1200 die

    • 128 Americans

    • 200+ Canadians


1916 wilson s juggling act
1916: Wilson’s Juggling Act into war.

  • What is Wilson juggling and how does he pull it off?

    Ethnic groups

    Moralists

    Progressives

    Political Parties


Getting over there
Getting “Over There” into war.

  • 1916 – Col. House’s mission

  • Jan, 1917 - Wilson lays out his peace plans

  • Feb 1: Germany renounces Sussex Pledge

  • Housatonic and 7 others

  • March: The Zimmermann Telegram

  • Congress debates

  • April: Wilson asks for Declaration of War

  • Most opposition: W & MidW


Wilson s plans for peace
Wilson’s Plans for Peace into war.

  • 6 principles that are basis of The 14 points

    • 1.

    • 2.

    • 3.

    • 4.

    • 5.

    • 6.


What is the impact on the economy of the us entering the war
What is the impact on the economy of the US entering the war?

  • Selective Service Act

  • War Industries Board

James Montgomery Flagg, artist

-used his own face for iconic Sam


Structural and legal support for the war
Structural and Legal Support for the War war?

  • Treasury Dept

  • War Revenue Act

  • Railroad Administration

  • Food Administration

  • National War Labor Board

  • Espionage Act

  • Sedition Act

McAdoo

Holmes

Debs


The end of the war is near
The End of the War is Near war?

  • Germany no longer has an Eastern Front

  • American forces were entering the

    war at 250,000 troops a month!

    • “The Yanks are Coming”

    • 2nd Battle of the Marne

      • Final push toward Paris as Germany is depleted

    • Battle of Amiens – Allies push forward

  • Ottoman Emp. and Bulgaria want peace

  • Austria-Hungary has a revolution

  • 11/9/18- Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates and a German republic is formed

    • November 11 (Veteran’s Day) – Armistice signed - End of the War!


Total war deaths wwi
Total War Deaths WWI war?

  • First World War (1914-18):

  • 15, 000, 000 military and civilian

  • 8,500,000 battle related deaths.

    • Germany: 1,773,700

    • Russia: 1,700,000

    • France & Empire: 1,327,000

    • Austria-Hungary: 1,100,000

    • Britain & Empire: 908,371

    • Italy: 460,000

    • Turkey: 236,000

    • Romania: 219,800

    • USA: 112,585

    • Serbia: 45,000

    • Belgium: 13,716






What led to the red scare
What led to the Red Scare? the end of the war?


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