Presented to Bioenergy 101 Presented at Warrensburg, Missouri. Federal Funding Opportunities. Presented by Don Day Extension Associate Energy University of Missouri Compiled by: Dr. James R. Fischer
Extension Associate Energy
University of Missouri
Dr. James R. Fischer
Senior Scientific AdvisorUndersecretary of Agriculture for Research, Education and Economics
November 24–25, 2008
Producing New U.S. Energy Crops by the Barrel
By Don Comis, October 10, 2008
Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Peoria, Ill., have produced oils of camelina, canola, Cuphea, lesquerella, milkweed and pennycress by the barrelful in their commercial-scale pilot plant.
These alternative crops may be able to provide alternative domestic sources of industrial products ranging from soap to biofuels for cars, trucks and—in the case of Cuphea—even jet fuel.
Plant physiologist Russ Gesch and colleagues at the ARS North Central Soil Conservation Research Laboratory in Morris, Minn., have studied Cuphea since 1999. They work closely with companies such as Procter & Gamble of Cincinnati, Ohio . . .
Read more at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2008/ 081010.htm
Brazilian companies to push for cellulosic ethanol
SAO PAULO, Oct 14 (Reuters) - A group of Brazilian companies and industrial organizations will set up a joint venture to finance research in cellulosic ethanol, a director at the Sao Paulo Industry Federation (Fiesp) said on Tuesday.
The initiative includes Brazil's leading sugar and ethanol producer, Copersucar, the country's Sugar Cane Industry Association, Unica, and the local subsidiary of commodities giant Bunge (BG.N: Quote, Profile, Research, Stock Buzz) . . .
Read more at: http://www.reuters.com/article/ rbssFinancial ServicesAndRealEstateNews/idUSN1453616720081014
Big step forward for biodiesel industry
Tuesday, October 14, 2008, 4:22 PMby Julie Harker
Long awaited fuel specifications for biodiesel blends above B5 have been approved and the announcement came this morning from the National Biodiesel Board technical director Steve Howell who says it’s a big step forward for the biodiesel industry, “We’re very happy that after beginning the effort in 1993 we have a set of blended fuel specs that the industry can use moving forward.”
Howell says the specifications are set on a performance basis for a diesel engine, not on the feedstock or the production process. He says it took the cooperation of engine, petroleum and biodiesel interests as well as government, military, research and academia to come up with these standards . . .
Read more at: http://www.brownfieldnetwork.com/gestalt/go.cfm?objectid=FD3C6033-5056-B82A-D06 DAE32439CAAFC
World Food Day stresses climate change and bioenergy effects on poor
The poor will suffer most
10 October 2008, Rome – Climate change and bioenergy are the focus of this year’s World Food Day activities, expected to involve over 150 countries. FAO celebrates World Food Day each year on 16 October, the day on which the Organization was founded in 1945.
“Global warming is already underway and adaptation strategies are now a matter of urgency, especially for the most vulnerable poor countries. Hundreds of millions of small-scale farmers, fishers and forest-dependent people will be worst hit by climate change . . .”
Read more at: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2008/ 1000934/index.html
Retooled Approach May Make Bio-based Butanol More Competitive with Ethanol
By Jan Suszkiw, October 16, 2008
A modified method of producing biobutanol could make the fuel more competitive with ethanol as a clean-burning alternative to gasoline.
According to Agricultural Research Service (ARS) chemical engineer Nasib Qureshi, biobutanol offers several advantages. It can be transported in existing pipelines, it's less corrosive, it can be mixed with gasoline or used alone in internal combustion engines, and it packs more energy per gallon than ethanol . . .
Read more at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2008/081016.htm
In ways both large and small we find ourselves at a unique time in history:
– REE Energy Summit on Partnerships
–National Biofuels Action Plan
Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006
White House photo by Eric Draper
“Change how we power our automobiles”
“Change how we power our homes and offices”
The Biofuels Initiative objective is to foster the production of biofuels to replace more than 75 percent of our oil imports from the Middle East by 2025 (+$53M)
Biomass Program will initiate a major solicitation in FY 2007 to validate near-term ethanol biorefineries in collaboration with industry (1st validation will occur in FY 2009)
Benefits (2030): Develop technologies to enable US to displace 2.6 MMbbl/d oil equivalent, keeping $44 billion in the US economy to create jobs at home
In June 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced it would invest $375 million over the next five years on three new Bioenergy Research Centers.
The three DOE Bioenergy Research Centers—located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Madison, Wisconsin; and near Berkeley, California.
These centers bring together multidisciplinary teams of leading scientists to advance research needed to make cellulosic ethanol and other biofuels commercially viable on a national scale, a key part of President Bush’s Advanced Energy Initiative Twenty in Ten Plan.
Reauthorization of biofuels research and development at the U.S. Department of Energy [EISA] and the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Environmental Protection Agency [farm bill];
A major expansion of the renewable fuel standard (RFS) established in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58) [EISA];
Expansion and/or modification of tax credits for ethanol [farm bill];
Grants and loan guarantees for biofuels (especially cellulosic) research, development, deployment, and production [EISA, farm bill];
Studies of the potential for ethanol pipeline transportation, expanded biofuel use, market and environmental impacts of increased biofuel use, and the effects of biodiesel on engines [EISA, farm bill];
Expansion of biofuel feedstock availability [farm bill]; and
Reduction of the blender tax credit for corn-based ethanol, a new production tax credit for cellulosic ethanol, and continuation of the import duty on ethanol [farm bill].
Source: Biofuels Provisions in the 2007 Energy Bill and the 2008 Farm Bill: A Side-by-Side Comparison, CRS Report for Congress, Updated June 27, 2008. http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/assets/crs/RL34239.pdf
The energy future looks bright with the Obama administration. He has consistently voted for renewables and even used the word “biofuels” in his speeches.
Highlights of his proposed energy plan include…
Source: http://www.pewclimate.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_states/map_ethanol.cfm July 2007.
Renewable Fuels Standards with Biofuel Mandates
Excise Tax Exemptions, Tax Credits, and/or Grants Promoting Biofuel Production and Use
In February 2007, this region agreed to set a cap for carbon emissions before the end of 2007 and to establish an emission trading system by August 2008
California passed legislation requiring 25% cut in carbon emissions by 2020 to reduce emissions to 1990 levels
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative has target of stopping emissions increase by 2009; reducing them by 10% from 2005 levels by 2019
Nine Midwestern governors and two Canadian premiers have signed on to participate or observe in the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord (Accord) as first agreed to November 2007.
NMState Governments Taking Steps to Mitigate Carbon Emissions
Other states and cities have also taken action
Global Warming Solutions Act passed by California Legislature (2006) – adopted regulations to control GHG emissions, starting no later than 2012.
Subsequent Executive Order (S-1-07) for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) in January 2007, set a statewide goal to reduce the carbon intensity of California’s transportation fuels at least 10 percent by 2020.
Recent report* states:
“We find it possible to either manufacture a significant amount of low-carbon fuel within California or to import it from outside the state. Many of the low carbon fuels expected to be commercially available in large quantities within the 2020 time horizon are biofuels.”
* A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis August 1, 2007, Project Directors, Alexander E. Farrell, UC Berkeley www.its.berkeley.edu/sustainabilitycenter and Daniel Sperling, UC Davis www.its.ucdavis.edu; http://www.energy.ca.gov/low_carbon_fuel_standard/UC-1000-2007-002-PT1.PDF
–REE Energy Summit on Partnerships
–National Biofuels Action Plan
Energy is a national and international problem.
USDA/REE and the land grants have a major role in the solution of this problem through research, education, and extension.
REE/USDA has developed a strategic energy plan to address these issues.
Goals of the plan include:
Sustainable agriculture- and natural resource-based energy production;
Sustainable bioeconomies for rural communities;
Efficient use of energy and energy conservation; and
Workforce development for the bioeconomy
Social Disciplines Californiasuch as Economics, Marketing, andPsychology
Technology Disciplines such as Science and EngineeringScience and EducationIs The Power to Move usDown the Road of the Future
Renewables – Geothermal, Solar, Hydrogen, Biomass, Wind
Energy Efficiency – Buildings, Vehicles, Industrial & Distributed Energy
The Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering (BAEN) and the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences (SCSC) at Texas A&M University invite applications for 3 minority USDA National Needs Fellowships at the Doctorate level. These fellowships are available immediately for students in engineering and soil and crop sciences for bioenergy research.
Research Areas: The selected candidates will pursue a Doctor of Philosophy degree in either the BAEN Dept. (engineering students) or the SCSC Dept. to develop sustainable bioenergy systems.
For more information please see our website at: http://baen.tamu.edu/academics/nnf/bioenergy
Bio Energy Awareness Days (BEAD) is an annual celebration held on the Summer Solstice to acknowledge the ultimate source of energy is the sun.
The purpose of this second annual event (BEAD II) is to help increase awareness and knowledge related to the sustainable production of agriculture, forest, and natural resource-based renewable energy and bioproducts; sustainable bioeconomies; the efficient use and conservation of energy for the benefit of rural communities and the Nation; and related workforce development.
BEAD II was held from June 19-22, 2008 during the Summer Solstice. Organized by USDA/REE and co-sponsored by the 25X'25 Alliance. The event included:
The Grand Challenge competition for colleges of agriculture at land grants and other institutions of higher education (13 winners)
Exhibits of technologies that universities are developing for the new energy economy involving agriculture (31 universities)
"Power Plant Garden" at the U.S. National Arboretum
U. S. National Arboretum
African Oil Palm
Energy is a complex topic and it will take considerable effort to make changes:
Requirements for building effective partnerships include:
Focus on the psychology of change is characteristic of successful partnerships.
Attributes of successful collaborations include:
BIOECONOMY FUTURE (BAEN) and the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences (SCSC) at Texas A&M University invite applications for 3 minority USDA National Needs Fellowships at the Doctorate level. These fellowships are available immediately for students in engineering and soil and crop sciencesBUILDING PARTNERSHIPS
Together – (BAEN) and the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences (SCSC) at Texas A&M University invite applications for 3 minority USDA National Needs Fellowships at the Doctorate level. These fellowships are available immediately for students in engineering and soil and crop sciences
We Can Build a
Prosperous Bioeconomy Future