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Presented to Bioenergy 101 Presented at Warrensburg, Missouri. Federal Funding Opportunities. Presented by Don Day Extension Associate Energy University of Missouri Compiled by: Dr. James R. Fischer

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Federal funding opportunities

Presented to

Bioenergy 101

Presented at

Warrensburg, Missouri

Federal Funding Opportunities

Presented by

Don Day

Extension Associate Energy

University of Missouri

Compiled by:

Dr. James R. Fischer

Senior Scientific AdvisorUndersecretary of Agriculture for Research, Education and Economics

November 24–25, 2008

The urgency

The Urgency

  • In a preview of its soon-to-be-released report on global trends, the U.S. National Intelligence Council envisions a world which is reshaped by globalization, battered by climate change, and destabilized by regional upheavals over shortages of food, water, and energy (Global Trends 2025, National Intelligence Council).

  • In a separate report, the National Intelligence Council identifies biofuels and bio-based chemicals as one of six potentially disruptive civil or dual use technologies that could emerge by 2025. The Council defines a disruptive technology as a technology with the potential to cause a noticeable degradation or enhancement in one of the elements of U.S. national power (geopolitical, military, economic, or social cohesion).

U s and bioenergy

U.S. and Bioenergy

  • In the United States, funding for biofuels research has increased, and various Federal and state policies encourage deployment of biofuel technologies.

  • There are currently over 130 ethanol refineries in operation and 77 more new plants or capacity expansions underway. There are also 105 commercial biodiesel refineries in operation.

  • In addition, Federal and private funding is developing and deploying next generation biofuel technologies: fuels made from nonfood feedstocks such as cellulose or algae.

Bioenergy a hot topic in the news

Bioenergy – A Hot Topic in the News

Producing New U.S. Energy Crops by the Barrel

By Don Comis, October 10, 2008

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Peoria, Ill., have produced oils of camelina, canola, Cuphea, lesquerella, milkweed and pennycress by the barrelful in their commercial-scale pilot plant.

These alternative crops may be able to provide alternative domestic sources of industrial products ranging from soap to biofuels for cars, trucks and—in the case of Cuphea—even jet fuel.

Plant physiologist Russ Gesch and colleagues at the ARS North Central Soil Conservation Research Laboratory in Morris, Minn., have studied Cuphea since 1999. They work closely with companies such as Procter & Gamble of Cincinnati, Ohio . . .

Read more at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2008/ 081010.htm

Brazilian companies to push for cellulosic ethanol

SAO PAULO, Oct 14 (Reuters) - A group of Brazilian companies and industrial organizations will set up a joint venture to finance research in cellulosic ethanol, a director at the Sao Paulo Industry Federation (Fiesp) said on Tuesday.

The initiative includes Brazil's leading sugar and ethanol producer, Copersucar, the country's Sugar Cane Industry Association, Unica, and the local subsidiary of commodities giant Bunge (BG.N: Quote, Profile, Research, Stock Buzz) . . .

Read more at: http://www.reuters.com/article/ rbssFinancial ServicesAndRealEstateNews/idUSN1453616720081014

Big step forward for biodiesel industry

Tuesday, October 14, 2008, 4:22 PMby Julie Harker

Long awaited fuel specifications for biodiesel blends above B5 have been approved and the announcement came this morning from the National Biodiesel Board technical director Steve Howell who says it’s a big step forward for the biodiesel industry, “We’re very happy that after beginning the effort in 1993 we have a set of blended fuel specs that the industry can use moving forward.”

Howell says the specifications are set on a performance basis for a diesel engine, not on the feedstock or the production process. He says it took the cooperation of engine, petroleum and biodiesel interests as well as government, military, research and academia to come up with these standards . . .

Read more at: http://www.brownfieldnetwork.com/gestalt/go.cfm?objectid=FD3C6033-5056-B82A-D06 DAE32439CAAFC

World Food Day stresses climate change and bioenergy effects on poor

The poor will suffer most

10 October 2008, Rome – Climate change and bioenergy are the focus of this year’s World Food Day activities, expected to involve over 150 countries. FAO celebrates World Food Day each year on 16 October, the day on which the Organization was founded in 1945.

“Global warming is already underway and adaptation strategies are now a matter of urgency, especially for the most vulnerable poor countries. Hundreds of millions of small-scale farmers, fishers and forest-dependent people will be worst hit by climate change . . .”

Read more at: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2008/ 1000934/index.html

Retooled Approach May Make Bio-based Butanol More Competitive with Ethanol

By Jan Suszkiw, October 16, 2008

A modified method of producing biobutanol could make the fuel more competitive with ethanol as a clean-burning alternative to gasoline.

According to Agricultural Research Service (ARS) chemical engineer Nasib Qureshi, biobutanol offers several advantages. It can be transported in existing pipelines, it's less corrosive, it can be mixed with gasoline or used alone in internal combustion engines, and it packs more energy per gallon than ethanol . . .

Read more at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2008/081016.htm

Unique time in history

Unique Time in History

In ways both large and small we find ourselves at a unique time in history:

  • One in which both environmental and energy progress are integrally linked rather than oppositional.

  • One in which clean-energy and carbon-reduction products and services offer the promise of economic development competitiveness.

  • One in which such diverse business, investment, and political luminaries as Al Gore, T. Boone Pickens, Andy Grove, and Arnold Schwarzenegger are calling for seemingly audacious goals to meet increasingly large portions of our energy needs from clean-energy generation and efficiency measures. Willie Nelson, Richard Branson, and Vinod Khosla have been involved in biofuels research and production.

Scope of today s presentation

Scope of Today’s Presentation

  • Policies and Funding to Promote Bioenergy

  • Federal

  • State

  • Climate Action Plans

  • USDA Bioenergy Activities

  • Strategic Energy Science Plan

  • BioEnergy Awareness Days

  • Building Partnerships

    – REE Energy Summit on Partnerships

    –National Biofuels Action Plan

Federal funding opportunities

  • Policies and Funding to Promote Bioenergy

  • Federal

  • State

  • Climate Action Plans

President george w bush 2006 state of the union address

President George W. Bush – 2006 State of the UnionAddress

  • Keeping America competitive requires affordable energy.  And here we have a serious problem:

  • "America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world."

  • "The best way to break this addiction is through technology.”

  • …. and we are on the threshold of incredible advances…

  • “…. replace more than 75 percent of our oil imports from the Middle East by 2025.”


Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006

White House photo by Eric Draper

  • “By applying the talent and technology of America, this country can

  • dramatically improve our environment,

  • move beyond a petroleum-based economy, and

  • make our dependence on Middle Eastern oil a thing of the past.”

Advanced energy initiative

Advanced Energy Initiative

“Change how we power our automobiles”

  • Advanced battery technologies – plug-in hybrids

  • Cellulosic ethanol costs

  • Hydrogen fuel cells by 2020

“Change how we power our homes and offices”

  • Clean Coal

  • Nuclear Energy

  • Renewable Energy

Biofuels initiative

Biofuels Initiative

The Biofuels Initiative objective is to foster the production of biofuels to replace more than 75 percent of our oil imports from the Middle East by 2025 (+$53M)

  • Achieving this ambitious goal will require looking at corn and other biomass resources to produce ethanol, including:

    • Agricultural crops & residues

    • Woody plants & grasses

Biomass Program will initiate a major solicitation in FY 2007 to validate near-term ethanol biorefineries in collaboration with industry (1st validation will occur in FY 2009)

Benefits (2030): Develop technologies to enable US to displace 2.6 MMbbl/d oil equivalent, keeping $44 billion in the US economy to create jobs at home

From Lab...

...to Industry...

...to Consumers

Twenty in ten strengthening america s energy security

Twenty In Ten: Strengthening America's Energy Security

  • During his 2007 State of the Union Address, President Bush announced the goal of reducing U.S. gasoline usage by 20 Percent In The Next Ten Years – “Twenty In Ten.” Goals include:

    • Increasing the supply of renewable and alternative fuels by setting a mandatory fuels standard to require 35 billion gallons of renewable and alternative fuels in 2017 – nearly five times the 2012 target now in law.

    • Reforming and modernizing Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for cars and extending the current Light Truck rule.

Feds seek to ignite bioenergy research

Feds Seek to Ignite Bioenergy Research

In June 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced it would invest $375 million over the next five years on three new Bioenergy Research Centers. 

The three DOE Bioenergy Research Centers—located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Madison, Wisconsin; and near Berkeley, California.

These centers bring together multidisciplinary teams of leading scientists to advance research needed to make cellulosic ethanol and other biofuels commercially viable on a national scale, a key part of President Bush’s Advanced Energy Initiative Twenty in Ten Plan.

Federal policies bioenergy

Federal Policies & Bioenergy

  • The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), also known as the 2007 energy bill, significantly expands existing programs to promote biofuels.

  • The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246), also known as the 2008 farm bill, contains a distinct energy title (Title IX) that covers a wide range of energy and agricultural topics with extensive attention to biofuels, including corn-starch based ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, and biodiesel. Included $1 billion in mandatory funding for energy activities.

Key biofuels related provisions of energy and farm bills

Key Biofuels-related Provisions of Energy and Farm Bills

Reauthorization of biofuels research and development at the U.S. Department of Energy [EISA] and the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Environmental Protection Agency [farm bill];

A major expansion of the renewable fuel standard (RFS) established in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58) [EISA];

Expansion and/or modification of tax credits for ethanol [farm bill];

Grants and loan guarantees for biofuels (especially cellulosic) research, development, deployment, and production [EISA, farm bill];

Studies of the potential for ethanol pipeline transportation, expanded biofuel use, market and environmental impacts of increased biofuel use, and the effects of biodiesel on engines [EISA, farm bill];

Expansion of biofuel feedstock availability [farm bill]; and

Reduction of the blender tax credit for corn-based ethanol, a new production tax credit for cellulosic ethanol, and continuation of the import duty on ethanol [farm bill].

Source: Biofuels Provisions in the 2007 Energy Bill and the 2008 Farm Bill: A Side-by-Side Comparison, CRS Report for Congress, Updated June 27, 2008. http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/assets/crs/RL34239.pdf


Key eisa and farm bill 2008 biofuel provisions research

Key EISA and Farm Bill 2008 Biofuel Provisions: Research


Key eisa and farm bill 2008 biofuel provisions research cont d

Key EISA and Farm Bill 2008 Biofuel Provisions: Research (cont’d)


Key eisa and farm bill 2008 biofuel provisions research cont d1

Key EISA and Farm Bill 2008 Biofuel Provisions: Research (cont’d)


Key eisa and farm bill 2008 biofuel provisions research cont d2

Key EISA and Farm Bill 2008 Biofuel Provisions: Research (cont’d)


Key eisa and farm bill 2008 biofuel provisions education

Key EISA and Farm Bill 2008 Biofuel Provisions: Education


Key eisa and farm bill 2008 biofuel provisions education cont d

Key EISA and Farm Bill 2008 Biofuel Provisions: Education (cont’d)


Energy and the obama administration

Energy and the Obama Administration

The energy future looks bright with the Obama administration. He has consistently voted for renewables and even used the word “biofuels” in his speeches.

Highlights of his proposed energy plan include…

  • Help create five million new jobs by strategically investing $150 billion over the next ten years to catalyze private efforts to build a clean energy future.

  • Put 1 million Plug-In Hybrid cars – cars that can get up to 150 miles per gallon – on the road by 2015, cars that we will work to make sure are built here in America.

  • Ensure 10 percent of our electricity comes from renewable sources by 2012, and 25 percent by 2025.

  • Implement an economy-wide cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 80 percent by 2050.

States with mandates and incentives promoting biofuels

States with Mandates and Incentives Promoting Biofuels

Source: http://www.pewclimate.org/what_s_being_done/in_the_states/map_ethanol.cfm July 2007.

Renewable Fuels Standards with Biofuel Mandates

Excise Tax Exemptions, Tax Credits, and/or Grants Promoting Biofuel Production and Use


Missouri voters approve a renewable energy requirement

Missouri Voters Approve a Renewable Energy Requirement

  • Missouri voters approved a measure requiring state's investor-owned utilities to use renewable energy for 15% of their electricity supply by 2021. The renewable requirement starts at 2% of sales in 2011 and gradually ratchets up to the 15% requirement by 2021.

  • The Missouri Clean Energy Initiative, or Proposition C, passed easily, garnering approval from 66% of the state's voters and passing in every county but one.

  • The ballot measure also allows utilities to buy their renewable power from out of state and to meet up to 100% of the requirement through the purchase of renewable energy credits (RECs), which can be bought from renewable energy facilities throughout the country.

  • According to the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE), 28 states and the District of Columbia now have a mandatory requirement for renewable energy use. 

State governments taking steps to mitigate carbon emissions

In February 2007, this region agreed to set a cap for carbon emissions before the end of 2007 and to establish an emission trading system by August 2008



California passed legislation requiring 25% cut in carbon emissions by 2020 to reduce emissions to 1990 levels



Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative has target of stopping emissions increase by 2009; reducing them by 10% from 2005 levels by 2019
















Nine Midwestern governors and two Canadian premiers have signed on to participate or observe in the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord (Accord) as first agreed to November 2007.










State Governments Taking Steps to Mitigate Carbon Emissions

Other states and cities have also taken action

Biofuels part of low carbon fuel standard strategy in california

Biofuels Part of Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Strategy in California

Global Warming Solutions Act passed by California Legislature (2006) – adopted regulations to control GHG emissions, starting no later than 2012.

Subsequent Executive Order (S-1-07) for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) in January 2007, set a statewide goal to reduce the carbon intensity of California’s transportation fuels at least 10 percent by 2020.

Recent report* states:

“We find it possible to either manufacture a significant amount of low-carbon fuel within California or to import it from outside the state. Many of the low carbon fuels expected to be commercially available in large quantities within the 2020 time horizon are biofuels.”

*A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis August 1, 2007, Project Directors, Alexander E. Farrell, UC Berkeley www.its.berkeley.edu/sustainabilitycenter and Daniel Sperling, UC Davis www.its.ucdavis.edu; http://www.energy.ca.gov/low_carbon_fuel_standard/UC-1000-2007-002-PT1.PDF


Federal funding opportunities

  • USDA Bioenergy Activities:

  • Strategic Energy Science Plan

  • BioEnergy Awareness Days

  • Building Partnerships

    –REE Energy Summit on Partnerships

    –National Biofuels Action Plan

Ree energy plan

REE Energy Plan

Energy is a national and international problem.

USDA/REE and the land grants have a major role in the solution of this problem through research, education, and extension.

REE/USDA has developed a strategic energy plan to address these issues.

Goals of the plan include:

Sustainable agriculture- and natural resource-based energy production;

Sustainable bioeconomies for rural communities;

Efficient use of energy and energy conservation; and

Workforce development for the bioeconomy

Goal action teams to implement usda energy plan

Goal Action Teams to Implement USDA Energy Plan

  • 35 teams comprised of individuals from USDA and other organizations are working to implement the 4 Plan goals. Various team objectives are listed below.

  • Goal 1. Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource-Based Energy Production

    • Identify research needs related to feedstock genetic and genomic resources

    • Conduct economic analysis of sustainable feedstock production and logistics

    • Evaluate bioproducts that could replace products currently made from petroleum

  • Goal 2. Sustainable Bioeconomies for Rural Communities

    • Inventory research assessing the implications of bioenergy for agricultural producers and rural communities

    • Inventory existing community and farmer decision tools related to energy, e.g. tillage energy estimator and others

Goal action teams continued

Goal Action Teams (continued)

  • Goal 3. Efficient Use of Energy and Energy Conservation

    • Establish a National Energy Extension and eXtension community of practice for home energy with DOE and LGU participation

    • Develop a MOU for cooperation between National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) and USDA/REE for cooperation in addressing energy efficiency in rural areas

    • Establish metrics for measuring energy intensity of agricultural production

  • Goal 4. Workforce Development for the Bioeconomy

    • Complete education roadmap

    • Finalize funding strategy to increase investment in education

    • Develop and implement series of education programs

Science and education is the power to move us down the road of the future

Social Disciplines such as Economics, Marketing, andPsychology

Technology Disciplines such as Science and Engineering

Science and EducationIs The Power to Move usDown the Road of the Future

Renewables – Geothermal, Solar, Hydrogen, Biomass, Wind

Energy Efficiency – Buildings, Vehicles, Industrial & Distributed Energy


Biotechnology education programs increasing

Biotechnology Education Programs Increasing

  • K-8: South Carolina Ag in the Classroom ) (SC Farm Bureau)

  • High Schools:

    • A November New York Times article discusses high schools in San Francisco have one of the most sophisticated biotech programs in the country, perhaps because of the city’s proximity to thriving biotech companies.

  • Universities:

    • Kansas State University's Center for Sustainable Energy (consolidating university-wide work on bioenergy)

    • Biorenewable Resources and Technology (BRT) at Iowa State University

  • Workforce Development: Michigan State University & Lansing Community College providing biorefinery operations training for approximately 600 workers and students in its first two years of operation

Mu center for sustainable energy

MU Center for Sustainable Energy


  • College of Engineering

  • Involves

    • Research

    • Teaching

    • Extensioin

Federal funding opportunities

The Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering (BAEN) and the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences (SCSC) at Texas A&M University invite applications for 3 minority USDA National Needs Fellowships at the Doctorate level. These fellowships are available immediately for students in engineering and soil and crop sciences for bioenergy research.

Research Areas: The selected candidates will pursue a Doctor of Philosophy degree in either the BAEN Dept. (engineering students) or the SCSC Dept. to develop sustainable bioenergy systems.

For more information please see our website at: http://baen.tamu.edu/academics/nnf/bioenergy

Bioenergy awareness days bead an integral part of energy plan

BioEnergy Awareness Days (BEAD) –An Integral Part of Energy Plan

Bio Energy Awareness Days (BEAD) is an annual celebration held on the Summer Solstice to acknowledge the ultimate source of energy is the sun.

The purpose of this second annual event (BEAD II) is to help increase awareness and knowledge related to the sustainable production of agriculture, forest, and natural resource-based renewable energy and bioproducts; sustainable bioeconomies; the efficient use and conservation of energy for the benefit of rural communities and the Nation; and related workforce development.

The second annual bioenergy awareness days bead ii

The Second Annual BioEnergy Awareness Days (BEAD II)

BEAD II was held from June 19-22, 2008 during the Summer Solstice. Organized by USDA/REE and co-sponsored by the 25X'25 Alliance.  The event included:

The Grand Challenge competition for colleges of agriculture at land grants and other institutions of higher education (13 winners)

Exhibits of technologies that universities are developing for the new energy economy involving agriculture (31 universities)

"Power Plant Garden" at the U.S. National Arboretum

Power plants

POWER Plants

U. S. National Arboretum


Hybrid popular




Sugar cane



Babassou Palm

African Oil Palm





Sugar beet





Castor bean




Bradford farm biofuel garden

Bradford Farm BioFuel Garden

Crops include

Crops Include

  • Peanuts

  • Easter Gammagrass

  • Miscanthus

  • Sunflowers

  • Big Bluestem

  • Sugar beets

  • Corn

  • Sweet sorghum

  • Forage sorghum

  • Canola

  • Indiangrass

  • Sugarcane

  • Soybean

  • Switchgrass

Usda ree energy summit

USDA/REE Energy Summit

Energy is a complex topic and it will take considerable effort to make changes:

  • “Complex things are a gathering of many simple things.”

  • “There is no magic. Spectacular success results from unspectacular preparation.”

Usda ree energy summit cont d

USDA/REE Energy Summit (cont’d)

Requirements for building effective partnerships include:

  • Close the “Value Gap” which is the high-cost disconnect between value promised and value achieved.

  • Develop more “interactive” than “reactive” relationships.

  • Mitigate the three challenges of collaboration:

    • Change

    • Cast of Characters

    • Culture

Usda ree energy summit cont d1

USDA/REE Energy Summit (cont’d)

Focus on the psychology of change is characteristic of successful partnerships.

Attributes of successful collaborations include:

  • A joint work product;

  • Commitment to a common purpose;

  • Shifting leadership rather than a requirement to report to one individual;

  • Non autocratic teams that contain the emotional and spiritual energy that is needed for collaboration;

  • Availability of many “soft” skills such as emotional intelligence including personal competence (self awareness and self-management and social competence – social awareness and relationship management).

Take home message from the usda ree energy summit

Take-Home Message from the USDA/REE Energy Summit

  • Partnerships are necessary.

  • Partnerships require new and innovative tools.

  • Partnerships require innovative management.

  • Partnerships require having the right people at the table.

Building partnerships



HOV Lane




Joint doe usda national biofuels action plan

Joint DOE/USDA National Biofuels Action Plan

  • DOE and USDA released on October 7 the National Biofuels Action Plan (NBAP)

  • This is an interagency plan that details the collaborative efforts of federal agencies to accelerate the development of a sustainable fuel industry.

  • The NBAP outlines interagency actions in 7 areas:

    • Sustainability

    • Feedstock production

    • Feedstock logistics

    • Conversion science and technology

    • Distribution infrastructure

    • Blending

    • Environment, health and safety


Some suggestions

Some suggestions:

Federal funding opportunities

Together –

We Can Build a

Prosperous Bioeconomy Future

  • Where we will:

  • Transition to a carbohydrate-based economy

  • Produce our products and fuels in biorefineries

  • Improve national security and the U.S. trade balance

  • Realize important environmental benefits

  • Develop significant, new sustainable economic

  • opportunities for rural America

  • Lead exploiting these technologies to other countries.


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