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Night at the Museum. Read the article – Amid the chaos, museum looted On the back of your Bellwork worksheet please write an answer to the following questions: 1. After reading it what are your feelings or thoughts about the incident described in the article?

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Night at the museum
Night at the Museum

  • Read the article – Amid the chaos, museum looted

  • On the back of your Bellwork worksheet please write an answer to the following questions:

  • 1. After reading it what are your feelings or thoughts about the incident described in the article?

  • 2. Does the loss of these Ancient Egyptian artifacts matter? Explain

  • your answer.

  • 3. Write one thing you already know about Ancient Egypt.

  • 4. Write one thing you want to know about Ancient Egypt.


Unit 1 notes beginning civilizations

UNIT 1 NOTES: BEGINNING CIVILIZATIONS

WRITE THIS DOWN!



Chapter 2 section 2

WRITE THIS DOWN!

CHAPTER 2 SECTION 2

CHAPTER 4 SECTION 1

Pyramids on the Nile

The Egyptian & Nubian Empires


Objectives
OBJECTIVES

  • CORE OBJECTIVE: Analyze the process by which early peoples organized their societies and built advanced civilizations.

    • Objective 1.1: How did geography affect the early river civilizations?

    • Objective 1.2: Describe the various cultures in the early river civilizations in relation to social structure and technology.

    • Objective 1.3: How was religion implemented into each civilizations everyday life?

    • Objective 1.4: How did each civilization’s government lead to their demise?

  • THEME: Groups will organize and unify to conquer others and assume their lands. After building their culture they will eventually be conquered by a stronger society.


Ancient egypt so what
Ancient Egypt …So What?!?!

  • First civilization to build with stone

  • Developed a 365 day / 12 month calendar

  • First Civilization to believe in an afterlife

  • Rudimentary Geometry


Geography of Ancient Egypt

  • Nile River is the longest in the world

  • It begins in the heart of Africa and runs north to the Mediterranean.

  • The northern part of Nile River Valley is called Lower Egypt and the southern part is called Upper Egypt.

Map

NEXT


Why Settle Along the Nile?

The Gift of the Nile

  • Egyptian’s worship Nile as a god

  • Predictable annual floods bring water and fertile black mud (loess)

  • The surplus of food Egyptian farmers could grow in this fertile soil made Egypt prosperous.

  • The Nile also served as a great highway that enhanced transportation and communication.

NEXT


Egypt very different from mesopotamia
Egypt Very Different from Mesopotamia

  • In addition to the advantages of the

  • Nile River …

  • Egypt had geographical barriers that

  • protected it from invasion:

    • The Western and Eastern Deserts;

    • the Red Sea to the east;

    • the Mediterranean Sea to the north;

    • rapids in the southern Nile.

  • Natural barriers protected Egyptians from

  • invaders & isolated them from other peoples


Historians divide egyptian history into 3 major periods
Historians Divide Egyptian History into 3 Major Periods

  • The Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom.

  • Each was a time of stability, peace, and cultural flourishing.

  • Periods of upheaval fell between each of the kingdoms.


Egypt Unites into a Kingdom

  • Before Narmer, villages of Egypt ruled by two kingdoms— Lower Egypt, Upper Egypt

    • King Narmer unites them and establishes first Egyptian dynasty

  • Egyptian ruler called pharaoh

  • Pharaohs Rule as God-kings

    • Government based on religious authority — a theocracy

NEXT


Egyptian Culture

  • An agrarian society

  • Polytheistic religion - believed in

    2,000 gods and goddesses

  • Believed in life after death; person

    judged by deeds at death

    • Developed mummification, process

    that prevents body from decaying

NEXT


Builders of the Pyramids

  • Egyptians believed that a person’s spiritual body (ka) could survive the death of the physical body if the physical body were properly preserved through mummification.

  • Pharaohs built elaborate tombs, pyramids, to meet their needs after death

  • They contained food, weapons, artwork, and household goods for the person in the afterlife.


Life in Egyptian Society

Social Classes

• Society shaped like pyramid

•Women not equal to men; but had some rights

Advanced Science and Technology

• 365 day / 12 month calendar

• Develop form of geometry

• Construct palaces, pyramids of stone

Egyptian Writing

• In the hieroglyphics writing system pictures represent ideas

• Paperlike sheets made from papyrusreeds used for writing

NEXT


The New Kingdom Of Egypt

  • Most Glorious Period in Egyptian History!

  • • About pharaohs defeat Hyksos invaders

  • •Create New Kingdom - a powerful empire

  • Use bronze weapons and chariots to conquer other lands

Hatshepsut’s Prosperous Rule

• Hatshepsut— pharaoh whose reign most noted for her trade expeditions, not war

An Age of Builders

• New Kingdom pharaohs built great palaces,

magnificent temples

• Valley of the Kings near Thebes is home to royal tombs

NEXT


Rise & Fall of Nubian Empire

Invasions & rebellions weaken empire

• Empire falls to Libyans who rule Egypt in

950 BC

  • The interaction of Egypt and Nubia

  • • Egyptian culture influences Nubia

  • See themselves as protectors of Egyptian values after fall of Egyptian empire

  • Piankhicaptures the Egyptian throne

  • • In 751 BC ousts Libyans

  • • In 671 BC, Assyrians overcome Nubians and take Egypt

  • End of Egyptian dominance in region

NEXT


Objectives1
OBJECTIVES

  • CORE OBJECTIVE: Analyze the process by which early peoples organized their societies and built advanced civilizations.

    • Objective 1.1: How did geography affect the early river civilizations?

    • Objective 1.2: Describe the various cultures in the early river civilizations in relation to social structure and technology.

    • Objective 1.3: How was religion implemented into each civilizations everyday life?

    • Objective 1.4: How did each civilization’s government lead to their demise?

  • THEME: Groups will organize and unify to conquer others and assume their lands. After building their culture they will eventually be conquered by a stronger society.


Night at the museum part ii
Night at the Museum (Part II)

  • With today’s lecture in mind …..

  • On the back of your Bellwork worksheet please write an answer to the following questions:

  • 1. Do you want to add to or change any of your initial thoughts about the incident involving the Egyptian artifacts?

  • 2. Write one thing you learned today about Ancient Egypt that you didn’t

  • already know.

  • 3. Drop you completed Bellwork in the green box at the front desk.


Pyramid facts
Pyramid Facts

Pyramid is constructed of approx. 2.3 million square blocks each

weighing between 2 and 30 tons.

Total pyramid weighs about 6.5 million tons. It is approx. 240 feet

tall or about 24 stories high

It took 20 – 40 years for about 5,000 men to build a pyramid


Cleopatra facts
Cleopatra Facts

  • New Kingdom Falls to Libyans in 1070 BC

  • Alexander the Great conquers Eqypt in 332 BC

  • Cleopatra was born in Alexandria, Egypt in 69 BC

  • She was the daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII

  • Ruled as regent Pharaoh for nearly 30 years

  • Well-educated and intelligent, a good ruler

  • Defeated by Rome in the Battle of Actium in 31 BC


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