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DESIGN CRITERIA. The Inclusion of Elements in a Facilities Design. Design Elements. Structural Functionalism. The concept of structural functionalism is linked to the idea of carrying capacity. Note: Cage, Playing surface. Shuffleboard Courts concrete surrounded by asphalt.

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Design criteria


The Inclusion of Elements in a Facilities Design

Structural functionalism
Structural Functionalism

  • The concept of structural functionalism is linked to the idea of carrying capacity

Shuffleboard Courts


surrounded by asphalt

Ambiance of an outdoor pool

concrete topped by chain link

Combination of relatively permanent material

with some sense of aesthetics

Hotel Playground – Rhodes

Colour, texture, materials

Compromise - may be difficult

Large vehicles + high volume

Turning area

Surface - wet and cold weather

Physical functionalism
Physical Functionalism

  • Concern for movement


Large numbers + few ‘high quality’ attractions



Close to the ‘action’

Sense of anticipation

Value for wait time


  • A straight road is the shortest distance

Cultural aesthetic functionalism
Cultural & Aesthetic Functionalism

  • Linkage to the value or image associated with the particular area, activity, or resource

  • The sense of what is ‘appropriate’ to the activity, facility or area

    • Example of a scenic outlook - the goal of say a distant mountain is important but so are the immediate surrounds - and the area between the viewer and the objective

    • A paper mill with attendant contamination and smells would not be appropriate

  • Senses of - balance, proportion, scale, colour, atmosphere and perspective are important

A order and progression
A) Order and Progression

  • There should be a logical progression of physical characteristics among the part of the offering

The Car Park

Mobile trains from themed car areas

Distribution to different modes - ferry, monorail

Main entrance - theme

distribution of maps, services

Busch Gardens


Modes of transport

The logic of flow