Aajeevika skills visioning workshop introduction
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Aajeevika Skills Visioning Workshop Introduction. 24 th Feb 2014 National Institute of Rural Development Hyderabad. THE NATIONAL CONTEXT . National Skill Development Agency. Ministry of Rural Dev Aajeevika (NRLM) Aajeevika Skills. NSDC. PIA. 18 Ministries.

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Aajeevika Skills Visioning Workshop Introduction

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Aajeevika skills visioning workshop introduction

Aajeevika SkillsVisioning WorkshopIntroduction

24th Feb 2014

National Institute of Rural Development

Hyderabad


Aajeevika skills visioning workshop introduction

THE NATIONAL CONTEXT

National Skill Development Agency

Ministry of Rural Dev

Aajeevika (NRLM)

Aajeevika Skills

NSDC

PIA

18 Ministries

Mandate to skill 500 million persons by 2022

PIA

State Govts

PIA

State Skill Mission

State Skill Mission


Stakeholder map

Stakeholder Map

NRLM

N

Aajeevika Skills

Center

NIRD, NABCONS

NSDC

Finance & guidelines

Aajeevika Skills

State

Labour

Contractors

Urban Poor

Manufacturing

Recruitment

support

Finance & guidelines

Potential Employers

Unemployed Youth

PIAs

Pvt./NGOs

Service sector

Rural Poor

Sub- contractors


Potential demographic dividend

Potential Demographic Dividend

National Skill Development Initiative gave a vision of achieving 500 m skilled workforce by 2022

NSDC was formed with a target of 150 m

Employable youth (15-34 yrs)

430 m

2011 census

BPL – 201 m

Urban poor

Assuming that 50% of the rural BPL is absorbed in agriculture and say 50m of urban poor we have a potential target population of 75 m

More than half would be taken care of through self-employment initiatives, NREGA etc under NRLM

Target for Aajeevika Skills under 12th 5 yr plan is 5 m


Recent progress

Recent Progress

  • Activity pursued over 2-3 decades under various institutional arrangements

  • SGSY Sp Project (completed May 2013)

    • Youth trained = 0.86 m

    • Youth employed = 0.68 m

  • Now re-incarnated to Aajeevika Skills

  • Shift in strategy to implement through states.

  • 6 States under AAP implementing autonomously

  • Other states moving in this direction


Quality effectiveness expectations

Quality & Effectiveness Expectations

  • Poorest of the poor families also covered.

  • International standards of skilling

    • Significant increase in confidence of youth by the end of training.

    • Skilling of trained youth to the requirement of potential employers (preferably with certification).

  • Readiness of employers to offer decent jobs (insurance, savings, higher compensation, dignity) to trained youth.

  • However, there is a large gap between the potential and realization, not only in quantity but also in quality

    • International standards espoused but seldom reached

    • As reflected in high turnover, low wages etc.

  • At the same time lot of innovation also happening - needs to be captured and mainstreamed.


Some questions for stakeholders

Some Questions for Stakeholders

  • The situation calls for some serious reflection:

    • What is the vision of the youth? What do they want?

    • What is the need of the clients (employers?) Why are they unwilling to pay a dividend for the skills provided?

    • What are the issues faced by PIAs and Aajeevika Skills in trying to marry the needs of the unemployed youth and potential employers?

    • What are the challenges faced by MoRD and associated support changes in facilitating policy change, coordinating action across institutions, and ensuring quality?

    • What are some of the innovations that have worked on the ground and can be scaled up or replicated?


Issues and expectation of the youth

Issues and Expectation of the Youth

  • What were your expectation from the AS program before joining?

  • To what extent have your expectations been fulfilled or not fulfilled?

  • What changes do you want in yourself because of the training you got through AS?

  • What would you like to become/achieve in the next 10 years?

  • What changes would you like to see in this program?

  • What are you suggestions regarding:

    • Mobilization/Enrolment

    • Training

    • Placement/Recruitment

    • Follow up Support


Issues and expectation of employers

Issues and Expectation of Employers

  • What are the existing challenges for sourcing entry level skilled employees? How do you compare the relative benefits of different channels of recruitment?

  • For an entry level job what kinds of skill sets/ competencies are you looking for?

  • How does this expectation of skills vary across different sectors such as Construction, Hospitality, Retail, Garments, IT enabled, Automobiles etc.?

  • Why is it that Industry does not pay a premium for the skilled labor coming out of AS? How much would you be willing to pay for a skilled person who fulfills all your requirements?

  • What are your suggestions for establishing standards and gradually improving them to international levels? What roles would you be willing to play in this process?

  • How do you assess the present and expected role of sector skill councils?


Issues and expectation of pias

Issues and Expectation of PIAs

  • How is the need of the industry assessed?

  • To what extent are you able to meet the requirements of the industry?

  • What are the major challenges in:

    • mobilization

    • training

    • placement

    • tracking

  • What key processes in your relation with SRLM/MoRD need to be improved and how?

  • Out of the various models offered under AS Guidelines, (3,6, 9 months, resident/non-resident) which according to you works best and why?

  • What innovative solutions did you try or know of that can be replicated elsewhere?


Issues and expectation of state implementation agencies yp

Issues and Expectation of State Implementation Agencies (YP)

  • What are the challenges in:

    • facilitating effective mobilization

    • identifying and selecting PIAs

    • monitoring their performance

    • assessing quality of output/training

    • providing timely and appropriate support

    • convergence with different departments and stakeholder institutions

  • What are the good practices in meeting the above challenges?

  • What are your suggestions for improvement?

  • What are the challenges in converting to an AAP state?

  • What innovative solutions did you try or know of that can be replicated elsewhere?


Issues and expectation of state implementation agencies aap

Issues and Expectation of State Implementation Agencies (AAP)

  • What are the challenges in:

    • facilitating effective mobilisation

    • identifying and selecting PIAs

    • monitoring their performance

    • assessing quality of output/training

    • providing timely and appropriate support

    • convergence with different departments and stakeholder institutions

  • What are the good practices in meeting the above challenges?

  • What are your suggestions for improvement?

  • What are the specific challenges, if any, you have faced, because of your AAP status?

  • What innovative solutions did you try or know of that can be replicated elsewhere?


Issues and expectation of mord and support agencies

Issues and Expectation of MoRD and support agencies

  • What are the challenges in playing the leadership role in ensuring quality and facilitating implementation through state level agencies?

  • What are the challenges in promoting effective policy changes across multiple ministries and state governments?

  • What are the challenges in coordinating across various stakeholder institutions and dealing with the multiplicity of institutions?


Thank you

Thank you


Overall questions

Overall questions

  • What are the various challenges you are likely to face in order to achieve qualitative and quantitative success?

  • What do you need to improve or do differently in order to achieve the above success?

  • What, if any, current processes need to be maintained in order to achieve success?


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