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Migration. Sergejus Glovackas, ICFTU CEE Unit. Total population of Lithuania - 3.5 million; Lithuanian labour force - 1.6 million; over two-thirds employed in the private sector; Lithuanian employee skills - 42% with higher education, 24% with specialised education.

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Migration

Migration

Sergejus Glovackas,

ICFTU CEE Unit


Background information lt

Total population of Lithuania - 3.5 million;

Lithuanian labour force - 1.6 million;

over two-thirds employed in the private sector;

Lithuanian employee skills - 42% with higher education, 24% with specialised education

Lithuania's labour costs are among the lowest in the European Union;

Since July 1, 2005, the minimum monthly salary is 550 LTL (€ 160);

the minimum hourly salary is 3,28 LTL (~ € 1).

Background Information (LT)



Foreign direct investments lt beginning of 2005 ltl million
Foreign direct investments (LT)(beginning of 2005), LTL million


Background information lv

Population: 2.346.000 persons (in 2002)

GDP growth (2003) 7.5%

Inflation (2003) 2.9%

Inflation annual average over 5 years 2.46%

Accumulated FDI (2003) 2.8billion

2004 2005

Gross wages (LV)

In the public sector239.99 279.75

Private sector 188.75 219.24

Background Information (LV)


Background information est
Background Information (EST)

  • Population - 1.36 million (2002), 80% citizens of Estonia, 7% citizens of other countries and 13% stateless

  • Total labour force (thous., 2004) 659.1

  • Employment rate (%) 56.8

  • Unemployment rate (%) 9.7

  • The highest gross wage is in financial intermediation and the lowest in agriculture and hunting sector.


E arnings 2005 iiq

Average per month

Estonia – € 530

(11,8% annual growth);

Latvia - € 345

(16,4% annual growth);

Lithuania – € 385

(9 % annual growth).

Minimum

In Estonia – € 172

(8,5% annual growth);

In Latvia –€ 115

(no change);

In Lithuania – € 160

(10 % annual growth).

Earnings, 2005 IIq


Reasons of emigration research done it lt in 2004
Reasons of EmigrationResearch done it LT in 2004


Migration in numbers past 10 years
Migration in numbers – past 10 years

  • Lithuania – 300 thousand (around 9% of population);

  • Latvia – 120 thousand (around 6% of population);

  • Estonia – 60 thousand (around 5% of population).



Tu response co operation agreements
TU response – co-operation agreements

  • LBAS (Latvia) with Irish TU:

  • regular exchange of information on both labour markets;

  • assist in promoting the social dialogue at all levels;

  • establish better co-operation with employers organisations in both countries;

  • encourage affiliates to engage in co-operation;

  • preventing and combating social dumping.

  • LBAS with LO Sweden;

  • LPSK (Lithuania) with Kaliningrad KOFP;

  • LPSK with Georgian TUA.


Information 1

www.sak.fi/tallinn - Finnish SAK information bureau in  Tallinn.

Information (1)


Information 2

www.baltictu.net – information in native languages about Nordic labour market, trade unions, etc. as well as Baltic labour legislation on Russian.

Information (2)


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