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Migration. Sergejus Glovackas, ICFTU CEE Unit. Total population of Lithuania - 3.5 million; Lithuanian labour force - 1.6 million; over two-thirds employed in the private sector; Lithuanian employee skills - 42% with higher education, 24% with specialised education.

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migration

Migration

Sergejus Glovackas,

ICFTU CEE Unit

background information lt
Total population of Lithuania - 3.5 million;

Lithuanian labour force - 1.6 million;

over two-thirds employed in the private sector;

Lithuanian employee skills - 42% with higher education, 24% with specialised education

Lithuania\'s labour costs are among the lowest in the European Union;

Since July 1, 2005, the minimum monthly salary is 550 LTL (€ 160);

the minimum hourly salary is 3,28 LTL (~ € 1).

Background Information (LT)
background information lv
Population: 2.346.000 persons (in 2002)

GDP growth (2003) 7.5%

Inflation (2003) 2.9%

Inflation annual average over 5 years 2.46%

Accumulated FDI (2003) 2.8billion

2004 2005

Gross wages (LV)

In the public sector239.99 279.75

Private sector 188.75 219.24

Background Information (LV)
background information est
Background Information (EST)
  • Population - 1.36 million (2002), 80% citizens of Estonia, 7% citizens of other countries and 13% stateless
  • Total labour force (thous., 2004) 659.1
  • Employment rate (%) 56.8
  • Unemployment rate (%) 9.7
  • The highest gross wage is in financial intermediation and the lowest in agriculture and hunting sector.
e arnings 2005 iiq
Average per month

Estonia – € 530

(11,8% annual growth);

Latvia - € 345

(16,4% annual growth);

Lithuania – € 385

(9 % annual growth).

Minimum

In Estonia – € 172

(8,5% annual growth);

In Latvia –€ 115

(no change);

In Lithuania – € 160

(10 % annual growth).

Earnings, 2005 IIq
migration in numbers past 10 years
Migration in numbers – past 10 years
  • Lithuania – 300 thousand (around 9% of population);
  • Latvia – 120 thousand (around 6% of population);
  • Estonia – 60 thousand (around 5% of population).
tu response co operation agreements
TU response – co-operation agreements
  • LBAS (Latvia) with Irish TU:
  • regular exchange of information on both labour markets;
  • assist in promoting the social dialogue at all levels;
  • establish better co-operation with employers organisations in both countries;
  • encourage affiliates to engage in co-operation;
  • preventing and combating social dumping.
  • LBAS with LO Sweden;
  • LPSK (Lithuania) with Kaliningrad KOFP;
  • LPSK with Georgian TUA.
information 2
www.baltictu.net – information in native languages about Nordic labour market, trade unions, etc. as well as Baltic labour legislation on Russian.Information (2)
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