The real world state of primary care integration findings in arizona
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Session #I1-Data Blitz October 28, 2011 10:30 AM. The Real-World State of Primary Care Integration: Findings in Arizona. Colleen Clemency Cordes, Ph.D. Clinical Associate Professor Ronald R. O’Donnell, Ph.D. Program Director Nicholas A. Cummings Behavioral Health Program

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The real world state of primary care integration findings in arizona

Session #I1-Data Blitz

October 28, 201110:30 AM

The Real-World State of Primary Care Integration: Findings in Arizona

Colleen Clemency Cordes, Ph.D.

Clinical Associate Professor

Ronald R. O’Donnell, Ph.D.

Program Director

Nicholas A. Cummings Behavioral Health Program

Arizona State University

Collaborative Family Healthcare Association 13th Annual Conference

October 27-29, 2011 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania U.S.A.


Faculty disclosure
Faculty Disclosure

We have not had any relevant financial relationships during the past 12 months.


Need practice gap supporting resources
Need/Practice Gap & Supporting Resources

  • Recent efforts have been made to understand the prevalence of integrated care practices in FQHCs

  • Private physician groups provide a significant percentage of care in the United State

    • No effort has been made to date to understand integration practices


Objectives
Objectives

  • Review current research on the prevalence of integration in FQHCs

  • Discuss purpose of the ASU physician survey

  • Review early findings of the study

  • Identify opportunities to expand the role and prevalence of the behavioral health provider in primary care settings beyond the FQHC or grant-funded practice


Expected outcome
Expected Outcome

By the end of today’s session, we hope that you will understand the importance of understanding integration practices in the private sector, as well as opportunities promoting integrated care


Background
Background

  • In 2010, the National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC) surveyed FQHCs to determine the prevalence of mental health and substance abuse services provided

    • 38.9% of FQHCs participated

  • 82% reported offering some sort of behavioral health services at at least one of their clinics

  • 85.6% of services are provided in a co-located practice

  • 86.4% of medical providers had access to behavioral health records


  • 75.9% reported join decision-making processes

  • 83.7% rating communication between physicians and behavioral health providers as good or excellent

  • 90% reported routine screening for depression

    • 65% use PHQ-2/9

    • 17% BDI

    • 5% MDQ

    • 17% other

  • 38.8% routinely screen for SA, 37.4% screen specific subpopulations

    • 44.5% use CAGE

    • 36.1% Other

    • 12% AUDIT

    • 4.1% Mini SSI

    • 3.1% ASSIST

      • Ramifications for SBIRT


Chc integration in az
CHC Integration in AZ

  • ADHS recently surveyed CHCs in AZ on level of integration

  • Classified respondents into five levels of collaboration:

    • Very Low - Minimal Collaboration

    • Low – Basic Collaboration at a Distance

    • Moderate – Basic collaboration on-site

      • Separate systems in the same facility

    • High – Close collaboration in a partly integrated system

    • Very high - Close collaboration in a fully integrated system


Physician survey overview
Physician Survey Overview

  • Integrated care practices are still rare outside of systems such as HMOs, the VA, FQHCs, and CHCs (Walker & Collins, 2009)

  • Goal of this project is to better understand the level of integration in the private sector through the state of Arizona

  • Data collection ongoing


Research questions
Research Questions

  • What are the current practices within primary care practices with regards to routine screening, assessment, and direct treatment for behavioral health concerns?

  • To what extent do physicians utilize local behavioral health agencies as referral targets for their patients? How do providers describe the quality of their relationships?

  • What are the current practices in primary care clinics in providing their patients behavioral interventions for medical conditions?

  • What are the current staffing patterns of onsite behavioral health providers, and what activities to these providers engage in?

  • To what extent do practices identify the significance of behavioral health integration? What do they identify as barriers and benefits to integration?


Preliminary findings
Preliminary Findings

  • Recently piloted survey with a small number of practice groups that are serving as training sites for DBH students

  • Goal was to determine acceptability of the survey instrument prior to state-wide dissemination




Findings referral to bhps
Findings – Referral to BHPs

4 = Often

3 = Sometimes

2 = Rarely

1 = Never


Discussion
Discussion

  • Lack of knowledge about how to bill for BHP services remains the primary barrier to integration

  • Providers reported being least likely to refer to BHPs for some of their most highly prevalent patient concerns

    • Providers may benefit from education around the role of the BHP in promoting physical health

  • Current survey screen was deemed acceptable length by participating practice

    • Wide-spread dissemination and data collection to begin by December 2011



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