Organization of living things and cellular respiration
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Organization of Living Things and Cellular Respiration. Three advantages to being a multi-cellular organism…. Larger size means there are fewer predators and have a wide variety of prey. Longer life. Specialization of each cell makes multi-cellular organisms more efficient. Cells to Tissues.

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Organization of Living Things and Cellular Respiration

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Organization of living things and cellular respiration

Organization of Living Things and Cellular Respiration


Three advantages to being a multi cellular organism

Three advantages to being a multi-cellular organism….

  • Larger size means there are fewer predators and have a wide variety of prey.

  • Longer life.

  • Specialization of each cell makes multi-cellular organisms more efficient.


Cells to tissues

Cells to Tissues

  • Tissue: a group of similar cells that perform a common function.

Cells

Tissues

Cells work together to create tissues


Tissues to organs

Tissues to Organs

  • Organ: a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function in the body.

Tissues

Organs

Tissues work together to create organs.


Organs to organ systems

Organs to Organ Systems

  • Organ System: a group of organs that work together to perform body functions.

Organs

Organ Systems

Organs work together to create Organ Systems.


Organization of living things and cellular respiration

The Organization of Living Things

Cell

Tissue

Organ

Organ System


How do plants get food

How do plants get food?

  • Plants get food from photosynthesis.

  • Photosynthesis: the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food.


How do animal cells get food

How do animal cells get food?

  • There are two ways animal cells get food.

Animal Cells get food by…

Cellular Respiration

Fermentation


Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration

  • Cellular Respiration: the process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from food.

  • Food is broken into carbon dioxide and water and energy is released.

  • Some of the energy is used to form adenosine triphosphate (ATP-remember it was in the organelle powerpoint).

  • ATP supplies energy that fuels cell activities.

  • C₂H₁₂O₆ + 6O₂ 6CO₂ + H₂O + energy (ATP)


Connection between photosynthesis and cellular respiration

Connection between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

  • Cellular Respiration releases carbon dioxide and water which is used by plant cells to make glucose. During photosynthesis, oxygen is released.

  • Photosynthesis makes glucose and oxygen which is used by animal cells to make ATP. Cellular respiration releases carbon dioxide and water.


Organization of living things and cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration

ATP

Cellular respiration releases carbon dioxide and water which is used by plant cells to make glucose. During photosynthesis, oxygen is released.

CO₂ + H₂O

Light Energy

Chloroplast from Plant Cell

Mitochondria from Animal Cell

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis makes glucose and oxygen which is used in animal cells to make ATP. Cellular respiration releases carbon dioxide and water.

C₂H₁₂O₆ + O₂

Better view of this on page 388


Fermentation

Fermentation

  • Fermentation: the breakdown of food without the use of oxygen.

  • Example: your muscles burning when you are running. Your muscles can’t get enough oxygen so fermentation produces lactic acid which makes your muscles burn.

  • Example: Yeast in bread. Yeast forms carbon dioxide during fermentation. The bubbles of CO₂ cause the dough to rise and leave small holes in the bread after it is baked.


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