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Preventing workplace AOD impairment: using theory and evidence to inform programme implementation. Tamzyn Davey , Rod McClure, Jeremy Davey, James Freeman Safety 2010 World Conference, Thursday 23 rd September, 11:30am, Westminster Suite . CRICOS No. 00213J. Definitions.

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Preventing workplace AOD impairment: using theory and evidence to inform programme implementation

Tamzyn Davey, Rod McClure, Jeremy Davey, James Freeman

Safety 2010 World Conference, Thursday 23rd September, 11:30am, Westminster Suite

CRICOS No. 00213J

definitions
Definitions
  • AODs = alcohol and/or other illicit drugs (marijuana, amphetamines, cocaine, & heroin)
  • Workplace AOD impairment= using alcohol and or other illicit drugs before or during work (includes ‘hangover’ at work)
outline
Outline
  • Context – PhD research programme
  • Background – workplace impairment
  • Findings
    • Utility of Theory of Planned Behaviour
    • Relationship between employee AOD use and workplace impairment
  • Implications for workplace policy and programmes
background context
Background & Context
  • AODs problem in workplace because affects coordination & judgement - injury/property damage
  • Australian industries obligated under OHS legislation to ensure workers’ safety - implementation workplace AOD policies to avoid culpabilities for AOD-related injury/death
  • PhD research programme
    • Evaluating process and impact of workplace AOD policy in state-wide industry in Australia, to reduce impairment and prevent injury
findings
Findings
  • Participants: 1163 employees (98% response rate) from 12 sites across Queensland, Australia
  • Data: survey pre-AOD policy implementation eliciting employee:
    • Demographics
    • Knowledge
    • Behavioural Intentions
    • Deterrence
    • AOD use
    • Self-reported behaviour
findings behavioural intentions and behaviour
Findings – Behavioural Intentions and Behaviour
  • Theory of Planned Behaviour (TpB)

Attitudes

Subjective Norms

Intentions

Behaviour

Perceived Behavioural Control

utility of the tpb in this context
Utility of the TpB in this context

Table: The predictors of behavioural intentions

Table: Predicting behaviour

interpretation
Interpretation
  • Not surprising: high levels of drinking or using drugs (esp dependency) would mean coming to work impaired, more likely
    • But, contrary to literature on workplace AOD impairment
implications
Implications
  • TpB
    • Understanding mechanism by which behaviour change occurs in context of workplace AOD impairment
    • Targeting TpB constructs may improve impact of workplace programmes in reducing AOD impairment
  • AOD use
    • Reducing general levels of drinking & drug use likely to result in reduction of workplace AOD impairment
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Thank you.

www.carrsq.qut.edu.au

[email protected]

Mark your Diaries!

International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference (T2013)

August 2013, Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre