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Comparative Local Government ( 002724)

.

Comparative Local Government (002724)


.

517 5

02-6132519

E-mail : ko_wit517@hotmail.com





.



  • .


  • (Self-government Democracy)

  • (Citizen)

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA,2001)

  • /

    (Institution of Local Government)

  • (Civil Society)


David Mathews :

Politics of the People


Robert Dahl / Bookchin


Plato :

  • Platos Republic

  • The Law : Citizen


.

Institution

(Civil Society)

/


?

1

2

(Accountability)

(Politics of The People)

3


?

  • .

  • Tier System

  • .

: Town Meeting

- :The Council Manager Form

: Weak Mayor Form

:The Strong Mayor Form

: Commission Form

: City Manager Form


(Process)

(Decision Making)

(Stakeholder)


(Process)

Major kinds of Participation

(Cohen and Uphoff)


(Process)

/


(Decision Making)

(Process)

Wertheim / Lisk


(Stakeholder)


/

/

(1)


(2)


/


.

1

2

3


  • .


.


  • ( , )


  • 285

  • 284



P

S

D

P

Open System

FOR PARTICIPATORY

SOLIDARITY

PEOPLES

DEMOCRACY


PSPD: Peoples Solidarity for Participatory Democracy

  • Participation of Citizens

  • Solidarity of Citizens

  • Civil Watch

  • Alternative


  • .


..2475

5

... ..116 (..2440)

... ..2457

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2475

5

.. 2441

..124 (..2448) . ()

..127 (..2451) ...

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


... ..127

.... .....

2

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2475

6

..2453 - 2468

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2475

7

.... .....

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2475

7

(Bureaucratic Policy)

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2476

...

3

2

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2495

. ... ..2495

  • 100 1,500

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2498-2499

... (.)

... (.)

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2509

.

  • 1

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2515

335

(.)

4

..2521

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2521

  • 2

  • 2

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2535-2539

5

  • (.) .

  • ..2536

  • ..2537

  • ...

  • ..2539

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2540

..2540-2542

  • ... ..2540

  • ... ... ..2495

  • ... ..2542

  • ... ..2537

  • ... ..2540 .

  • ... ..2536

  • ...

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2540

..2543-2546

. 2540

  • ... ..2542

  • ... ..2542

  • ... ..2542

  • ... .. 2542

  • ... ..2545

  • ... 2

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2550

1.

2. ( 282)

3. .

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2550

4. .( 284)

5. . ( 283) ...

6. ( 283)

7. . ( 288)

8. ( 285 - 286)

.

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2550

  • . .

  • . .

  • .

  • .

  • .

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


12 12 12

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


..2550

. 2550

14

  • ,

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University




2540

    • (. 285)

    • ()(. 284)

    • (. 284)

    • (. 286, . 287

    • (. 288)



. 40


50

  • .


1.

2. ( 282)

3. .

.. 2550


4. .( 284)

5. . ( 283) ...

6. ( 283)

7. . ( 288)

8. ( 285 - 286)

.

.. 2550


50

14

  • ,


.

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • . .


.()

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • .

  • ... .





/

/

/


.

.

/

-


.

.

/


2 (Two Tier)

1.

2.

3.

Upper Tier

1.

2.

3.

Lower Tier


Upper Tier

.

Lower Tier

.


One Tier

Two Tier

Three Tier


3

2

Centralization

Decontralization

Decentralization


  • ()

  • ()

  • ()



.

.


(Citizen) VS (People)


People

Citizenship

VS


---

1.

2.



.


.

22 4

Region

96 4

Department

36,580 183

Commune

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


Region

.

6

6

40-110 6 4

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Department

(1/1) 6

3

10-15 (1) (2) 4-10 (3)

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Commune

1

2

  • 2 (1) (2)

  • 1

  • 6

  • 9 69

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Lyon

Marseille

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


  • ... (.3) ..2546

  • ... (.12) ..2546

  • ... (.5) ..2546

  • ... ..2542

  • ... ..2528

  • ... ..2542

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


(.)

(.)


.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


...Local Autonomy ..1995

.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Kowit Puang-ngam

Thammasat University


(1)

(6)

(9)

/

(Ku - 25)

(44)

Kun

(86)

City

(72)

Kun

(86)

/

(Ku-21)

Dong

(530)

Dong

(745)

Eup/Myon

(8/38)

Dong

(1,018)

Eup/Myon

(187/1,192)

: ( )




:

8 Region

GLANYAR

JEMBRANA

BUIELENG

TABANAN

BANDUNG

KLUNGKUNG

KARANG ASSEM

BANGLI

Province Bali

Region

Region

Region

District

District

District

Village

Village

Village

Banja

Banja

Banja

Group

House hold

Household

Household

Household

Household

Household

Household


.



  • (voluntary assistance)

  • (trading services)

  • (contracting)

  • (sharing staff)

  • (consolidation services)

  • (special purpose districts)


  • Local Association

  • Local Pubic Enterprise Association Local Pubic Enterprise AssociationAct


2

  • (syndicatsintercommunaux a vocation unique SIVU)

  • (syndicatsintercommunaux a vocationmultiple SIVM)

    2

  • (syndicatsintercommunues)

  • (syndicatsmixte)


  • . .

  • . . .

  • . . .

  • . . . . . 4 5


  • . ()

  • ..2496 ( ..2546)

  • ..2528

  • ..2542

  • .


1

  • : .

  • : . . .

  • : (MOU)

  • :


  • : .

  • .

  • : . 8

  • : (MOU)

  • :

2


3

  • :

  • :, .,. .

  • : (MOU)

  • :


  • (MOU)

  • .

  • . ()


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