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Reform School WEA Summer University. Kathleen Heiman Alan Sutliff Mike McNett August 1-2, 2011. Introductions. Name Local Role in the Association What do you hope to get from this session?. Preliminaries. Materials on

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Reform school wea summer university

Reform SchoolWEA Summer University

Kathleen Heiman

Alan Sutliff

Mike McNett

August 1-2, 2011



  • Name

  • Local

  • Role in the Association

  • What do you hope to get from this session?



  • Materials on

    • Need home email address if not on registration

  • Schedule

  • Breaks

The attack


Recent experiences

Recent Experiences

  • Seattle

  • Tacoma

  • Bellevue

Overview what is reform

Overview: What is Reform?

  • How would you define the word?

  • What concepts are part of the public debate?

  • In what light are unions, including our Association, cast?

  • What is the impact of “Ed Reform”?

  • How is this affecting you?

The players

The Players

  • Which groups and individuals are most visible?

  • What goals are they seeking?

  • How do they describe these goals?



  • Why is this happening?

  • What are the underlying motives?

    • In regard to education?

    • Politics?

    • Money?

    • Power?

  • Articles:

    • The Grand Coalition Against Teachers

    • Schools as Scapegoats

This we believe

This We Believe…

  • WEA Policies

    • Evaluation

    • Alternative Compensation

    • Priority Schools

  • Summary of testing and evaluation policies

  • NEA Evaluation Position (2011)

  • NEA Resolution F-10 (2011)

  • Compilation of NBI, resolutions, NERM, BSWT

  • WEA Comprehensive Strategic Direction

Test scores

Test Scores

Value added modeling

Value Added Modeling

  • Attempt at objectivity

  • Based on standardized tests

  • Calculates change from year to year

  • Compares actual scores to expected scores

  • Calculations adjust for some variables

  • Difference between actual growth and expected growth place teacher on the distribution

Uses of vam

Uses of VAM

  • Evaluation

  • Salary and bonuses

  • Layoff

  • Public disclosure

  • Termination

  • School grants, resources, funding

Problems with vam

Problems with VAM

  • Tests in few subjects

  • Quality and nature of tests

  • Tests address lower-order, measurables

  • Can not fully or accurate factor out variables

  • Teacher does not control most variables

    • 2/3rds are outside of school

  • Student distribution

    • Not all classroom cohorts are created equal

Problems with vam1

Problems with VAM

  • Students do not develop on a steady upward curve

    • Claims that 3 superior teachers in a row will close the achievement gap are based on statistical extrapolations by Hanushek, Sanders, Rivers

Circular logic

Circular Logic

  • The best teachers are those with students who make higher gains

  • Higher student gains indicate that the teachers of those students are the best

Other consequences

Other Consequences

  • Narrowing curriculum

  • Teaching to the test

  • Cheating

  • Firing good teachers, keeping mediocre teachers

  • Demoralization

  • Limiting those willing to make a career of education

  • Failure to address poverty, mobility, parenting, etc.

Reform school wea summer university

Simple Teacher Effect Calculation

6 stability

(6) Stability

Value added modeling vam

Value Added Modeling (VAM)

  • Dr. Sean Corcoran: Can Teachers be Evaluated by their Students’ Test Scores? Should They Be?

Vam resources

VAM Resources

  • Scott Poirier

    • Policy Statement on Teacher Evaluation and Accountability

    • The Flaws in Connecting Student Assessment to Teacher Evaluation

  • Others

    • Student Test Scores: An Inaccurate Way to Judge Teachers

    • Problems with the use of student test scores to evaluate teachers-- EPI

6696 an overview

“6696” – An Overview

  • New evaluation criteria for teachers

  • Created a new, four-tier rating system

  • Required OSPI to create a pilot with school districts in 2010-11 (development phase) and 2011-12 (pilot implementation phase)

  • All districts to adopt new systems in 2013-14

6696 an overview1

“6696” – An Overview

  • Increased length of provisional status for new teachers

  • Requires districts to send OSPI information on their current evaluation system for all employee groups beginning in 2010-11

  • Created evaluation criteria for principals

The old and the new

The Old and The New

Bargaining 6696

Bargaining 6696



  • Districts must report to OSPI

    • Evaluation process

    • Ratings of employees

  • Districts must report the process to public

  • Evaluation process is subject to bargaining

    • (Surprise!)

    • OSPI: Show them no one statewide model is needed

  • District can post contract online (public reporting)



  • Data is a factor in determining staff assignments

  • Doesn’t say which data or how to be used

  • Transfer and assignment are subject to bargaining

    • Define through bargaining

    • Need not be student test scores

    • Don’t have to allow punitive transfers

    • Can bargain for “combat” pay or incentives

The eight criteria

The Eight Criteria

  • Criteria are subject to bargaining

  • Need not form the outline of the process

  • Must be somehow contained

  • Avoid an imposed OSPI model

Use of data

Use of Data

  • No requirement that student data be used

    • “When student growth data, if available and relevant to the teacher and subject matter, is referenced…”

  • Say “no”

    • Value-added data is flawed and is not relevant

    • Test data usually applies to only 40% of unit members, so can not be the basis of a fair even-handed system for all teachers

  • Say “yes”

    • To inform instruction and to guide planning

  • Four ratings

    Four Ratings

    • 2013

    • “…whose work is not judged Satisfactory…”

    • Law doesn’t say which level is Satisfactory, nor how to define that

    • Define the terms

      • Average teacher is average (and satisfactory)

      • Upper 3 ratings should all be satisfactory to protect mid-level teachers

    Short form


    • Four years of satisfactory or one of top two ratings

    • If “satisfactory” is next to bottom level, it will be easier to get onto the short form

    • If “satisfactory” is only the top two ratings…

      • Then this sentence in the law doesn’t make sense

      • But it may cause lazy principals to give the top two ratings to get more staff on to short-form



    • Some of 6696 is vague and ambiguous

    • It can be defined locally through bargaining

    • Decide what you want it to mean

    • Bargain assertively for a rational and fair system.

    Tenure or just due process

    Tenure? Or just Due Process?

    • Continuing contracts

    • Probation

      • How long does it really take to dismiss a teacher for performance concerns?

    • Disciplinary process

      • Everyone deserves due process



    • Seniority

      • A topic that polls well for ed reform groups?

      • A topic that is no-win for members

      • Evaluation

        • A misunderstood topic

        • See probation

    Seniority based layoffs

    Seniority-Based Layoffs

    Charter schools

    Charter Schools

    • Control

      • District

      • Parents and teachers

      • University

      • Community group

      • Corporate

    Charter schools1

    Charter Schools

    • Funding

      • Public

      • Blend

      • Private

    • Accountability

      • Testing

      • Standards

    Charter schools2

    Charter Schools

    • Admissions

      • Skim

      • ADA, IDEA?

      • Segregation

    • Union

      • Lite

      • NLRA

      • State law

      • None

    Kipp five pillars

    KIPP: Five Pillars

    • High Expectations

    • Choice and Commitment

    • More Time

    • Power to Lead

    • Focus on Results

    Harlem children s zone

    Harlem Children’s Zone

    • Neighborhood-based, At-Scale Approach

    • The HCZ Pipeline

      • (K-college program, with foundation of community-building programs, and family, social service and health programs)

    • Building Community

    • Evaluation

    • Culture of Success

    Green dot tenets

    Green Dot Tenets

    • Small, Safe, Personalized Schools

    • High Expectations for All Students

    • Local Control with Extensive Professional Development and Accountability

    • Parent Participation

    • Maximize Funding to the Classroom

    • Keep Schools Open Later

    Do charter schools work

    Do charter schools work?


    • 17% Better

    • 37% Worse

    Alternatives to charters

    Alternatives to Charters

    • What factors cause people to like charters?

    • Which of those factors can be incorporated into public schools?

    • Examples?

    Union rights

    Union Rights

    Reform school wea summer university

    • Wisconsin

    • Idaho

    • Ohio

    • Indiana

    • New Jersey

    • Florida

    Rick moore

    Rick Moore

    • UniServ Director

    • Southern Lakes United Educators

      • Burlington, Wisconsin

    • Wisconsin Education Association Council

    WI Gov. Scott Walker



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