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Reform School WEA Summer University. Kathleen Heiman Alan Sutliff Mike McNett August 1-2, 2011. Introductions. Name Local Role in the Association What do you hope to get from this session?. Preliminaries. Materials on WEAReformSchool.wikispaces.com

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reform school wea summer university

Reform SchoolWEA Summer University

Kathleen Heiman

Alan Sutliff

Mike McNett

August 1-2, 2011

introductions
Introductions
  • Name
  • Local
  • Role in the Association
  • What do you hope to get from this session?
preliminaries
Preliminaries
  • Materials on WEAReformSchool.wikispaces.com
    • Need home email address if not on registration
  • Schedule
  • Breaks
recent experiences
Recent Experiences
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma
  • Bellevue
overview what is reform
Overview: What is Reform?
  • How would you define the word?
  • What concepts are part of the public debate?
  • In what light are unions, including our Association, cast?
  • What is the impact of “Ed Reform”?
  • How is this affecting you?
the players
The Players
  • Which groups and individuals are most visible?
  • What goals are they seeking?
  • How do they describe these goals?
philosophy
Philosophy
  • Why is this happening?
  • What are the underlying motives?
    • In regard to education?
    • Politics?
    • Money?
    • Power?
  • Articles:
    • The Grand Coalition Against Teachers
    • Schools as Scapegoats
this we believe
This We Believe…
  • WEA Policies
    • Evaluation
    • Alternative Compensation
    • Priority Schools
  • Summary of testing and evaluation policies
  • NEA Evaluation Position (2011)
  • NEA Resolution F-10 (2011)
  • Compilation of NBI, resolutions, NERM, BSWT
  • WEA Comprehensive Strategic Direction
value added modeling
Value Added Modeling
  • Attempt at objectivity
  • Based on standardized tests
  • Calculates change from year to year
  • Compares actual scores to expected scores
  • Calculations adjust for some variables
  • Difference between actual growth and expected growth place teacher on the distribution
uses of vam
Uses of VAM
  • Evaluation
  • Salary and bonuses
  • Layoff
  • Public disclosure
  • Termination
  • School grants, resources, funding
problems with vam
Problems with VAM
  • Tests in few subjects
  • Quality and nature of tests
  • Tests address lower-order, measurables
  • Can not fully or accurate factor out variables
  • Teacher does not control most variables
    • 2/3rds are outside of school
  • Student distribution
    • Not all classroom cohorts are created equal
problems with vam1
Problems with VAM
  • Students do not develop on a steady upward curve
    • Claims that 3 superior teachers in a row will close the achievement gap are based on statistical extrapolations by Hanushek, Sanders, Rivers
circular logic
Circular Logic
  • The best teachers are those with students who make higher gains
  • Higher student gains indicate that the teachers of those students are the best
other consequences
Other Consequences
  • Narrowing curriculum
  • Teaching to the test
  • Cheating
  • Firing good teachers, keeping mediocre teachers
  • Demoralization
  • Limiting those willing to make a career of education
  • Failure to address poverty, mobility, parenting, etc.
value added modeling vam
Value Added Modeling (VAM)
  • Dr. Sean Corcoran: Can Teachers be Evaluated by their Students’ Test Scores? Should They Be?
vam resources
VAM Resources
  • Scott Poirier
    • Policy Statement on Teacher Evaluation and Accountability
    • The Flaws in Connecting Student Assessment to Teacher Evaluation
  • Others
    • Student Test Scores: An Inaccurate Way to Judge Teachers
    • Problems with the use of student test scores to evaluate teachers-- EPI
6696 an overview
“6696” – An Overview
  • New evaluation criteria for teachers
  • Created a new, four-tier rating system
  • Required OSPI to create a pilot with school districts in 2010-11 (development phase) and 2011-12 (pilot implementation phase)
  • All districts to adopt new systems in 2013-14
6696 an overview1
“6696” – An Overview
  • Increased length of provisional status for new teachers
  • Requires districts to send OSPI information on their current evaluation system for all employee groups beginning in 2010-11
  • Created evaluation criteria for principals
reporting
Reporting
  • Districts must report to OSPI
    • Evaluation process
    • Ratings of employees
  • Districts must report the process to public
  • Evaluation process is subject to bargaining
    • (Surprise!)
    • OSPI: Show them no one statewide model is needed
  • District can post contract online (public reporting)
assignment
Assignment
  • Data is a factor in determining staff assignments
  • Doesn’t say which data or how to be used
  • Transfer and assignment are subject to bargaining
    • Define through bargaining
    • Need not be student test scores
    • Don’t have to allow punitive transfers
    • Can bargain for “combat” pay or incentives
the eight criteria
The Eight Criteria
  • Criteria are subject to bargaining
  • Need not form the outline of the process
  • Must be somehow contained
  • Avoid an imposed OSPI model
use of data
Use of Data
  • No requirement that student data be used
    • “When student growth data, if available and relevant to the teacher and subject matter, is referenced…”
  • Say “no”
      • Value-added data is flawed and is not relevant
      • Test data usually applies to only 40% of unit members, so can not be the basis of a fair even-handed system for all teachers
  • Say “yes”
    • To inform instruction and to guide planning
four ratings
Four Ratings
  • 2013
  • “…whose work is not judged Satisfactory…”
  • Law doesn’t say which level is Satisfactory, nor how to define that
  • Define the terms
    • Average teacher is average (and satisfactory)
    • Upper 3 ratings should all be satisfactory to protect mid-level teachers
short form
Short-Form
  • Four years of satisfactory or one of top two ratings
  • If “satisfactory” is next to bottom level, it will be easier to get onto the short form
  • If “satisfactory” is only the top two ratings…
    • Then this sentence in the law doesn’t make sense
    • But it may cause lazy principals to give the top two ratings to get more staff on to short-form
summary
Summary
  • Some of 6696 is vague and ambiguous
  • It can be defined locally through bargaining
  • Decide what you want it to mean
  • Bargain assertively for a rational and fair system.
tenure or just due process
Tenure? Or just Due Process?
  • Continuing contracts
  • Probation
    • How long does it really take to dismiss a teacher for performance concerns?
  • Disciplinary process
    • Everyone deserves due process
layoffs
Layoffs
  • Seniority
    • A topic that polls well for ed reform groups?
    • A topic that is no-win for members
    • Evaluation
      • A misunderstood topic
      • See probation
charter schools
Charter Schools
  • Control
    • District
    • Parents and teachers
    • University
    • Community group
    • Corporate
charter schools1
Charter Schools
  • Funding
    • Public
    • Blend
    • Private
  • Accountability
    • Testing
    • Standards
charter schools2
Charter Schools
  • Admissions
    • Skim
    • ADA, IDEA?
    • Segregation
  • Union
    • Lite
    • NLRA
    • State law
    • None
kipp five pillars
KIPP: Five Pillars
  • High Expectations
  • Choice and Commitment
  • More Time
  • Power to Lead
  • Focus on Results
harlem children s zone
Harlem Children’s Zone
  • Neighborhood-based, At-Scale Approach
  • The HCZ Pipeline
    • (K-college program, with foundation of community-building programs, and family, social service and health programs)
  • Building Community
  • Evaluation
  • Culture of Success
green dot tenets
Green Dot Tenets
  • Small, Safe, Personalized Schools
  • High Expectations for All Students
  • Local Control with Extensive Professional Development and Accountability
  • Parent Participation
  • Maximize Funding to the Classroom
  • Keep Schools Open Later
do charter schools work
Do charter schools work?
  • http://credo.stanford.edu/reports/MULTIPLE_CHOICE_CREDO.pdf
  • 17% Better
  • 37% Worse
alternatives to charters
Alternatives to Charters
  • What factors cause people to like charters?
  • Which of those factors can be incorporated into public schools?
  • Examples?
slide46

Wisconsin

  • Idaho
  • Ohio
  • Indiana
  • New Jersey
  • Florida
rick moore
Rick Moore
  • UniServ Director
  • Southern Lakes United Educators
    • Burlington, Wisconsin
  • Wisconsin Education Association Council

WI Gov. Scott Walker

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