The Battle of the Atlantic. RECALL. France had fallen in 1940 United Kingdom was out of money. In December 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought the United States into the war. However… The Battle of the Atlantic….started in 1939.
The Battle of the Atlantic
The campaign pitted the German Navy’s surface raiders and U-boats against Allied convoys from North America and the South Atlantic to the United Kingdom and Russia, protected mainly by the British and Canadian navy’s and air forces, later aided by United States ships and aircraft.
The British and their allies gradually gained the upper hand, driving the German surface raiders from the ocean by the middle of 1941 and decisively defeating the U-boats in a series of convoy battles between March and May 1943