What is a law
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What is a Law?. Law-rules and regulations made and enforced by government that regulate the conduct of people , within a society. Rules v. Laws. What is the difference between a rule and a law? What are examples of rules? School Home Clubs Teams. Why have laws?.

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What is a Law?

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What is a law

What is a Law?

Law-rules and regulations made and enforced by

government that regulate the conduct of people , within a society.


Rules v laws

Rules v. Laws

  • What is the difference between a rule and a law?

  • What are examples of rules?

    • School

    • Home

    • Clubs

    • Teams


Why have laws

Why have laws?

  • 1. Promote fairness

  • 2. Protect human rights

  • 3. Help resolve conflicts

  • 4. Promote order and stability

  • 5. Promote desirable social and economic behavior

  • 6. Represent the will of the majority

  • 7. Protect the rights of minorities


Values that are the basis for laws

Values that are the basis for laws

  • Moral- deal with fundamental questions of right and wrong

  • Economic- accumulating, preservation, use and distribution of wealth

  • Political- reflect the relation between government and individuals

  • Social- issues that are important to us as a society


Criminal laws v civil laws

Criminal Laws v. Civil Laws

  • Criminal laws

    • Regulate public conduct and set out duties owed to society. Legal action brought b y the government against a person charged with committing a crime.

    • Criminal laws have penalties and offenders are imprisoned, fined, placed under supervision, or punished in some other way


Criminal laws v civil laws1

Criminal Laws v. Civil Laws

  • Civil laws

    • Regulate relationships between individuals or groups of individuals. A civil action can be brought by a person who feels wronged or injured by another person.

    • Courts can award money for the loss or order the person who committed the wrong to make amends in some other way.

      • Examples of civil laws are marriage ,divorce, contracts, real estate, insurance and negligence.


Criminal laws v civil laws2

Criminal Laws v. Civil Laws

  • Felonies- penalty is a term of more than one year in prisons

  • Misdemeanors- penalty is a term of less one year or less in jail


Criminal laws v civil laws3

Criminal Laws v. Civil Laws

  • Parties involved in legal action

    • Criminal cases –Prosecutor (government) brings charges against the defendant

    • Civil Cases – Plaintiff files a lawsuit against the defendant


Criminal laws v civil laws4

Criminal Laws v. Civil Laws

  • Burden of Proof

    • Criminal-beyond a reasonable doubt (90% certain the accused committed the crime)

    • Civil- by a preponderance of the evidence (51% certain the accused is responsible)


Constitution

Constitution

  • Highest law in the land

  • Basic Framework of our government

  • Bill of Rights- 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution –defines and guarantees fundamental rights and liberties of all Americans


Branches of government

Branches of Government


Branches of government1

Branches of Government

  • Legislative- Constitutional lawmaking power- Congress passes laws (statutes)

  • Executive- assist in the enforcement of laws- president and federal agencies

  • Judicial- court rulings (precedents) have the effect of laws


Legislative branch

Legislative Branch

Makes the Laws


Legislative branch1

Legislative Branch

435 Members in the House of Representatives

100 members in the Senate

Makes the Laws


Executive branch president obama and vice pres biden

Executive Branch- President Obama and Vice Pres Biden


Executive branch white house

Executive Branch- White House


Judicial branch supreme court

Judicial Branch- Supreme Court


Checks and balances

Checks and Balances

  • Separation of powers among the three branches of government

    • Designed to prevent one branch from becoming too powerful and abusing its power


Checks and balances1

Checks and Balances

  • Important checks that affect lawmaking power:

    • Legislative - approve appointments of federal judges

    • Executive- veto power- reject a law

    • Judical – judicial review- declare laws unconstitutional

      • Enables a court to cancel any law passed by Congress or a state legislature if it conflicts with the nation's highest law


Federalism

FEDERALISM

  • Division of power between states and federal government

  • Areas of federal lawmaking authority are listed in the Constitution

  • The remaining powers are delegated to the states.


Limited government

Limited Government

  • Concept that governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed


Criteria for effective laws

Criteria for Effective Laws

  • Fair

  • Understandable to the Public

  • Enforceable

  • Expected to solve a problem


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